• Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in his study, circa 1875.

    Longfellow House Washington's Headquarters

    National Historic Site Massachusetts

Historical Furnishings and Decorative Arts

The historic furnishings and decorative arts in the museum collections date from the mid eighteenth to early twentieth century. The majority of the furnishings came into the house between 1837 and 1928, and were acquired by the Longfellow family by purchase, inheritance, or gift.

The Longfellows possessed a reverence for the past. For them, having antique objects and furniture stimulated their awareness of America's past and their house's association with George Washington and the American Revolution. The family's cosmopolitan interests are also reflected by many items from around the world within the rooms.

 
Furniture and objects in the Longfellow Parlor.

Rococo revival marble-top table and chairs in the Parlor.

Furniture

All of the exhibited pieces of furniture are from the house, and are placed in their historical locations within the rooms. There are over 450 items ranging from utilitarian to high-style pieces. The collection serves as a history of decorative styles over the years, beginning with the William and Mary Transitional style to the Arts and Crafts style of the 1920s.

Major rooms in the house have original furniture made in the United States by Aaron Willard, Adam Hains, and Thomas Seymour. There are also pieces from
England, Germany, Holland, France, China, and Japan.

 
Charles Longfellow's silver christening cup.

Charles Longfellow's silver christening cup.
Hester Bateman, England, c. 1786

Silver

The silver collection includes approximately 150 pieces that belonged to the Appleton and Longfellow families, and dates from the late 1780s to the late 1860s. In the collection are coffee and tea services, pitchers, flatware, and other pieces by:

*Gorham
*Shreve, Brown & Co. of Boston
*Reed & Barton
*Lows, Ball & Co.
*Silversmith Hester Bateman
*Meriden Britania Company

 
Gilt red wine glass.

Gilt red wine glass, with grape vine decoration.
1830s to 1870s

Ceramics and Glass

The collection holds over 250 ceramic and glass objects, both utilitarian and decorative, dating from the mid eighteenth through the early twentieth century. American, European, and Asian manufacturers include:

*Meissen
*Sevres
*Delft
*Staffordshire
*Arita
*Sato

Of special interest are a tea service from the 1806 wedding of Fanny Appleton Longfellow's parents, a Bloor Derby bowl from the 1830s, and 135 eighteenth century ceramic tiles installed around three bedroom fireplaces.

 
Gasolier in parlor.

Nineteenth century gasolier, converted to electric chandelier, in the parlor.

Lighting Fixtures

The house retains most of its original 1852 ceiling light fixtures that were installed as gasoliers. In 1924, electricity was installed in the house and some light fixtures were converted over from gas to the new power source. Many of the second and third floor fixtures date from the 1890s to the 1920s, and most have a more austere appearance with a few having a distinct colonial revival design.

Other lighting fixtures include:

*An 1820s three-arm whale oil Argand
chandelier.
*Eighteenth century French Rococo
candle sconces.
*Early twentieth century bracket lamps.

 
Gothic wallpaper.
c. 1840

Gothic wallpaper in the back stairway.
c. 1840

Wallpaper

Most of the rooms retain their historic wallpaper, dating from the eighteenth to the early twentieth century.

Fifty additional wallpaper examples have been uncovered throughout the house. This layering of wallpaper allows for the study of the rooms' decoration from the 1790s to the 1920s. These samples are preserved in a study collection.

Did You Know?

Portrait of Dante Alighieri from an 1865 commemorative medal.

In 1867, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow became the first American to complete a translation of Dante Alighieri's "Inferno".