• Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in his study, circa 1875.

    Longfellow House Washington's Headquarters

    National Historic Site Massachusetts

Fine Art Collection

River Landscape
by Ernest Wadsworth Longfellow
1875

River Landscape
by Ernest Wadsworth Longfellow
1875

The fine art collection numbers about 2000 works on exhibit and in storage. It includes paintings, drawings, prints, and sculpture that range in date from the seventeenth to the early twentieth century.

The collection showcases the tastes and interests of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, his wife Frances, their children, and other family members and friends.

 
Marble bust of Frances Appleton
by Lorenzo Bartolini
1836

Marble bust of Frances Appleton
by Lorenzo Bartolini
1836

Significant parts of the collection include sculptures formerly owned by Longfellow's close friend Charles Sumner, and the art collection of Fanny Longfellow's brother, Thomas Gold Appleton.

Artists represented include:

*John Kensett
*Gilbert Stuart
*Anna Klumpke
*Winckworth Allan Gay
*George Healy
*Washington Allston

 
Charles Sumner
by Eastman Johnson
1846

Charles Sumner
by Eastman Johnson
1846

Of particular note for their fine quality are crayon portraits by Eastman Johnson, commissioned by Henry W. Longfellow of his family and friends in the mid 1840s. These include portraits of:

*Charles Sumner
*Ralph Waldo Emerson
*Nathaniel Hawthorne
*Anne Longfellow Pierce
*Charles Appleton Longfellow
*Ernest Wadsworth Longfellow

 
Landscape
by Jean Baptiste Camille Corot
c. 1870

Landscape
by Jean Baptiste Camille Corot
c. 1870

In addition to American artists, well-known nineteenth century European artists are represented in the collection, including:

*Albert Bierstadt
*Jean Baptiste Camille Corot
*Myles Birket Foster
*Lorenzo Bartolini
*Friedrick Overbeck

Several of the rooms contain painted nineteenth century Japanese screens, including one 6-paneled screen by Kano Moritsune.

 
Mary King Longfellow

Mary King Longfellow

Much of the collection is personal in nature, including gifts from artists the Longfellows met or knew, or purchases made during the family's travels.

Professional and amateur works done by family members figure prominently in the collection, and are linked to family papers in the archives. Included are works by professionally trained artists Ernest W. Longfellow and Mary King Longfellow, as well as art by Henry and Fanny Longfellow, and Alexander W. Longfellow Jr.

 
Summer scene
by Edith Longfellow
1862

Summer Scene
by Edith Longfellow
1862

In addition, there are approximately 600 drawings and watercolors done by the Longfellow children in the 1850s and 1860s. Many of these are annotated by Henry W. Longfellow as to date, artist, and location.
 
Peleg Wadsworth silhouette
1784

Peleg Wadsworth silhouette
1784

There are also approximately fifty silhouette portraits of Henry W. Longfellow, his extended family, and others by artists such as:

*W. King
*Master Hubbard
*Auguste Edouard

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