• Inside the Lincoln Sitting Room

    Lincoln Home

    National Historic Site Illinois

Prairies and Grasslands

Nature and Science

Lone Tree on Prairie

- unknown

The tallgrass prairie of the early 1800s is no longer present at Lincoln Home National Historic Site. No attempt has been made to restore the Lincoln Home neighborhood to a pre-settlement landscape. Quite the contrary, the site has been restored to reflect Mr. Lincoln’s neighborhood in the year 1860. At that time, the area surrounding Springfield was developed into farmland. The bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa) trees that dotted the landscape and the spectacular wildflowers and grasses that blanketed the prairie were replaced with agricultural fields.

Reminiscent of the pre-settlement landscape are some species in the neighborhood like the hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) and wild strawberries (Fragaria virginana), but overall, the Lincoln Home and neighborhood have been restored and maintained to reflect the years of Mr. Lincoln’s residency, from 1844 - 1861.

Did You Know?

Election Flag, 1864

Lincoln insisted on having the 1864 election in the midst of war. "You can not have free government without elections...if the rebellion could force us to forgo a national election, it might fairly claim to have already conquered and ruined us." Lincoln Home National Historic Site, Illinois