• Inside the Lincoln Sitting Room

    Lincoln Home

    National Historic Site Illinois

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  • Lincoln Home Tours During Busy Season

    Please be advised that tours of the Lincoln home fill rapidly during our busy summer season. We suggest that you visit the Lincoln Home National Historic Visitor Center early in the day for your best opportunity to receive a tour of the Lincoln home.

Plants

Nature and Science

Flowering trees at the Lincoln Home

NPS Photo

Plant life at Lincoln Home National Historic Site reflects the native and nonnative species that occured during Mr. Lincoln’s residency, from 1844 – 1861. At that time, the tallgrass prairie of pre-settlement times had been developed into agricultural lands and small urban centers like Springfield.

The plant life of the prairie was replaced with farm crops and commercial plants available in local nurseries. Victorian gardens, ornamental shrubs, fruit trees, and fragrant flowers, purchased from local merchants, flourished in Mr. Lincoln’s neighborhood. Springfield was praised in the Illinois Journal in 1856 as “a bright gem of the prairie” recognized for its beautiful gardens and tree-lined streets.

Today, the site represents Mr. Lincoln’s neighborhood in the year 1860. Stately shade trees and ornamental fruit trees are reminiscent of the past. Many of the trees and shrubs on site provide habitat for current wildlife – the American Robin (Turdus migratorius) nests in the Beautybush (Kolkwitzia amabilis) and a Raccoon (Procyon lotor) finds refuge in the old Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum). The tallgrass prairie plants of pre-settlement times are reflected in the wild strawberries (Fragaria virginiana) growing in the Legacy Gardens and the bur oak trees (Quercus macrocarpa) on site.

Did You Know?

Photo of Model of Lincoln's Patent

Abraham Lincoln is the only president to hold a patent. His patent was for a system of chambers designed to refloat boats that had run aground. He received Patent No. 6469 on May 22, 1849. Lincoln Home National Historic Site, Illinois