• Inside the Lincoln Sitting Room

    Lincoln Home

    National Historic Site Illinois


Nature and Science

Eastern Chipmunk

NPS Photo

To the settlers of central Illinois the mammals of the plains played an important role by providing meat for food and hides for shelter and clothing. Some of these animals such as the American Bison (Bison bison) became completely extinct while others, such as the White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), have adapted to the changes in their environment and continue to thrive in the area.

When strolling through the historic neighborhood surrounding Abraham Lincoln's home, visitors will often observe Eastern Cottontails (Sylvilagus floridanus), Fox Squirrels (Sciurus niger), and Eastern Chipmunks (Tamias striatus). Occasional sightings have included White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and Virginia Oppossum (Didelphis virginiana). Several species of mice inhabit the park today and become occasional visitors inside the homes. The remains of three mice were found in the kitchen wall of the Lincoln Home during the 1987 restoration project.

Did You Know?

Photo of Model of Lincoln's Patent

Abraham Lincoln is the only president to hold a patent. His patent was for a system of chambers designed to refloat boats that had run aground. He received Patent No. 6469 on May 22, 1849. Lincoln Home National Historic Site, Illinois