STATEMENT OF KATHERINE STEVENSON, ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR, CULTURAL RESOURCES STEWARDSHIP AND PARTNERSHIPS, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, BEFORE THE SENATE ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL PARKS, HISTORIC PRESERVATION AND RECREATION ON S. 1998, TO ESTABLISH THE YUMA CROSSING NATIONAL HERITAGE AREA.
MAY 18, 2000
Mr. Chairman and members of the subcommittee, thank you for the opportunity to appear before you to present the position of the Department of the Interior on S. 1998, a bill to establish the Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area.
The Department supports S. 1998, with the amendment outlined in our testimony. Last month we testified on similar legislation, H.R. 2833, before the House Subcommittee on National Parks and Public Lands. At that hearing we recommended that the House bill be revised to incorporate some of the concepts found in S. 1998. The recommendations included defining the boundary and using a multi-agency approach to complete a master plan based upon studies that meet National Park Service criteria. We are pleased with the approach taken by S. 1998 which will ensure that the resources of the National Park Service as well as the proposed Heritage Area are efficiently used to focus and protect the important resources of this area.
S. 1998 would create the Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area in Yuma, Arizona, based on work that has been conducted for more than twenty years by the city and county of Yuma. This work culminated in an executive summary in 1999 prepared by the
Heritage Task Force, a cross-section of citizens in the region. The report and previous work conducted in Yuma has also included organizations, agencies and potential partners in the creation and management of a National Heritage Area.
This bill calls for the Secretary of the Interior to enter into a compact with the Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area management entity for the purposes of further refining the area's goals and objectives and outlining the protection measures that will guide the management entity's efforts. S. 1998 calls for the development and approval of a management plan for the Heritage Area. If the plan is not submitted within three years, the Heritage Area becomes ineligible for Federal funding. The bill also outlines the duties of the management entity and prohibits it from using Federal funds to acquire real property or interests in real property. S. 1998 authorizes the management entity to spend Federal funds on non-federally owned property. At the request of the management entity, the Secretary would be authorized to provide technical and financial assistance to develop and implement the management plan. S. 1998 authorizes appropriations and limits Federal funding to 50 percent of the total cost of any assistance or grant and bars the Secretary from providing any assistance under this Act after September 30, 2015.
The National Park Service has defined a National Heritage Area as a place where natural, cultural, historic and recreational resources combine to form a nationally distinctive landscape arising from patterns of human activity. Heritage conservation efforts are grounded in a community's pride in its history and traditions, and its interest in seeing them retained. Preserving the integrity of the cultural landscape and local stories means that future generations of the community will be able to understand and define who they are, where they come from, and what ties them to their home. Heritage areas are designed to protect large, regional landscapes and resources that tell the story of its residents.
The National Park Service testified before the House Subcommittee on National Parks and Public Lands last October 26 on H.R. 2532, a bill which would provide a process for the establishment of national heritage areas. We outlined four critical steps that needed to be completed prior to designation. Those steps are:
We believe S. 1998 meets a large portion of the intent and spirit of those steps.
Much of the work Yuma has done in studying and developing popular support for this proposal has been accomplished with minimal involvement of the National Park Service or a traditional suitability and feasibility study. However, it has built upon work, studies and reports which have identified natural, historic, and cultural resources representing a distinct, and yet familiar, story of the development and settlement of the West. These efforts have also identified new recreational and educational opportunities such as a river walk, and wetlands restoration projects. The studies and projects have incorporated the time and efforts of thousands of citizens, the City and Chamber of Commerce for Yuma, local Indian tribes, historical societies, state parks, community development groups, and members of the Cocopah Tribe. In essence, these groups have made great strides in accomplishing the goals of a National Park Service suitability study in a unique way.
More than 150 natural and cultural resources within the proposed boundary for the Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area have been identified. These resources tell the story of the growth and development of an area from ancient times to the present - all focused and based around the Colorado River and the natural crossing of that river that drew ancient and modern man alike to the place. Nearly 1,000 acres of wetlands have been identified for protection and improvement for native vegetation and wildlife, which will enhance opportunities for birding and birding festivals. A natural history museum would focus interest and educational opportunities on the role this riparian environment plays in the middle of the Sonoran Desert. River walks would link parks, the historic Arizona Territorial State Prison, and downtown Yuma.
We recommend one amendment that would provide a broader definition or description of the management entity to ensure that it reflects the cross-section of agencies, organizations, citizens and governments essential to any heritage area’s success. We have attached a copy of our proposed amendment to this testimony.
We believe that the natural and cultural resources protected in this proposal are well documented and retain integrity. They will provide for recreational and educational opportunities, and help tell the story of the development of the West, a critical part of this nation's heritage and identity.
I would be happy to respond to any questions that you may have.
S. 1998, To Establish the Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area
On page 6, line 26, insert "which shall include representatives from a broad cross-section of the individuals, agencies, organizations, and governments that have been involved in the planning and development of the Heritage Area to this point. The management entity should also reflect those who may have an interest in the purposes and objectives of the Heritage Area now and in the future." after Heritage Area Board of Directors.