NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM DESIGNATION ACT OF 1995
Public Law 104-59
104th Congress

                                 An Act


 
To amend title 23, United States Code, to provide for the designation of 
 the National Highway System, and for other purposes. <<NOTE: Nov. 28, 
                           1995 -  [S. 440]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: National Highway 
System Designation Act of 1995. Intergovernmental relations.>> 

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) <<NOTE: 23 USC 101 note.>>  Short Title.--This Act may be cited 
as the ``National Highway System Designation Act of 1995''.

    (b) Table of Contents.--

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Secretary defined.

                    TITLE I--NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM

Sec. 101. National highway system designation.

              TITLE II--TRANSPORTATION FUNDING FLEXIBILITY

Sec. 201. Findings and purposes.
Sec. 202. Funding restoration.
Sec. 203. Rescissions.
Sec. 204. State unobligated balance flexibility.
Sec. 205. Relief from mandates.
Sec. 206. Definitions.

               TITLE III--MISCELLANEOUS HIGHWAY PROVISIONS

Sec. 301. Traffic monitoring, management, and control on NHS.
Sec. 302. Transferability of apportionments.
Sec. 303. Quality improvement.
Sec. 304. Design criteria for the national highway system.
Sec. 305. Applicability of transportation conformity requirements.
Sec. 306. Motorist call boxes.
Sec. 307. Quality through competition.
Sec. 308. Limitation on advance construction.
Sec. 309. Preventive maintenance.
Sec. 310. Federal share.
Sec. 311. Eligibility of bond and other debt instrument financing for 
           reimbursement as construction expenses.
Sec. 312. Vehicle weight and longer combination vehicles exemptions.
Sec. 313. Toll roads.
Sec. 314. Scenic byways.
Sec. 315. Applicability of certain requirements to third party sellers.
Sec. 316. Streamlining for transportation enhancement projects.
Sec. 317. Metropolitan planning for highway projects.
Sec. 318. Non-Federal share for certain toll bridge projects.
Sec. 319. Congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program.
Sec. 320. Operation of motor vehicles by intoxicated minors.
Sec. 321. Utilization of the private sector for surveying and mapping 
           services.
Sec. 322. Donations of funds, materials, or services for federally 
           assisted projects.
Sec. 323. Discovery and admission as evidence of certain reports and 
           surveys.
Sec. 324. Alcohol-impaired driving countermeasures.
Sec. 325. References to Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure.
Sec. 326. Public transit vehicles exemption.
Sec. 327. Use of recycled paving material.
Sec. 328. Roadside barrier technology.
Sec. 329. Corrections to miscellaneous authorizations.
Sec. 330. Corrections to high cost bridge projects.
Sec. 331. Corrections to congestion relief projects.
Sec. 332. High priority corridors.
Sec. 333. Corrections to rural access projects.
Sec. 334. Corrections to urban access and mobility projects.
Sec. 335. Corrections to innovative projects.
Sec. 336. Corrections to intermodal projects.
Sec. 337. National recreational trails.
Sec. 338. Intelligent transportation systems.
Sec. 339. Eligibility.
Sec. 340. Miscellaneous corrections to Surface Transportation and 
           Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987.
Sec. 341. Accessibility of over-the-road buses to individuals with 
           disabilities.
Sec. 342. Alcohol and controlled substances testing.
Sec. 343. National driver register.
Sec. 344. Commercial motor vehicle safety pilot program.
Sec. 345. Exemptions from requirements relating to commercial motor 
           vehicles and their operators.
Sec. 346. Winter home heating oil delivery State flexibility program.
Sec. 347. Safety report.
Sec. 348. Moratorium on certain emissions testing requirements.
Sec. 349. Roads on Federal lands.
Sec. 350. State infrastructure bank pilot program.
Sec. 351. Railroad-highway grade crossing safety.
Sec. 352. Collection of bridge tolls.
Sec. 353. Traffic control.
Sec. 354. Public use of rest areas.
Sec. 355. Safety belt use law requirements for New Hampshire and Maine.
Sec. 356. Orange County, California, toll roads.
Sec. 357. Compilation of title 23, United States Code.
Sec. 358. Safety research initiatives.
Sec. 359. Miscellaneous studies.

                TITLE IV--WOODROW WILSON MEMORIAL BRIDGE

Sec. 401. Short title.
Sec. 402. Findings.
Sec. 403. Purposes.
Sec. 404. Definitions.
Sec. 405. Establishment of authority.
Sec. 406. Government of authority.
Sec. 407. Ownership of bridge.
Sec. 408. Project planning.
Sec. 409. Additional powers and responsibilities of authority.
Sec. 410. Funding.
Sec. 411. Availability of prior authorizations.

SEC. 2. <<NOTE: 23 USC 101 note.>>  SECRETARY DEFINED.

    In this Act, the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
Transportation.

                    TITLE I--NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM

SEC. 101. NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM DESIGNATION.

    (a) In General.--Section 103(b) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Designation of nhs.--The National Highway System as 
        submitted by the Secretary of Transportation on the map entitled 
        `Official Submission, National Highway System, Federal Highway 
        Administration', and dated November 13, 1995, is hereby 
        designated within the United States, including the District of 
        Columbia and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
            ``(6) Modifications to nhs.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to paragraph (7), the 
                Secretary may make modifications to the National Highway 
                System that are proposed by a State or that are proposed 
                by the State and revised by the Secretary if the 
                Secretary determines that each of the modifications--
                          ``(i) meets the criteria established for the 
                      National Highway System under this title; and
                          ``(ii) enhances the national transportation 
                      characteristics of the National Highway System.
                    ``(B) Cooperation.--In proposing modifications under 
                this paragraph, a State shall cooperate with local and 
                regional officials. In urbanized areas, the local 
                officials shall act through the metropolitan planning 
                organizations designated for such areas under section 
                134.
            ``(7) Transitional rules for intermodal connectors.--
                    ``(A) Required submission.--Not later than 180 days 
                after the date of the enactment of the National Highway 
                System Designation Act of 1995, the Secretary shall 
                submit for approval to the Committee on Environment and 
                Public Works of the Senate and the Committee on 
                Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
                Representatives modifications to the National Highway 
                System that are proposed by a State or that are proposed 
                by the State and revised by the Secretary and that 
                consist of connectors to major ports, airports, 
                international border crossings, public transportation 
                and transit facilities, interstate bus terminals, and 
                rail and other intermodal transportation facilities.
                    ``(B) Cooperation.--Paragraph (6)(B) shall apply to 
                modifications proposed by a State under this paragraph.
                    ``(C) Eligibility.--
                          ``(i) Initial approval by law.--Modifications 
                      proposed under subparagraph (A) may take effect 
                      only if a law has been enacted approving such 
                      modifications.
                          ``(ii) Interim eligibility.--Notwithstanding 
                      clause (i), a project to construct a connector to 
                      an intermodal transportation facility described in 
                      subparagraph (A) shall be eligible for funds 
                      apportioned under section 104(b)(1) for the 
                      National Highway System if the Secretary finds 
                      that the project is consistent with criteria 
                      developed by the Secretary for construction of 
                      such connectors.
                          ``(iii) Period of eligibility.--A project 
                      which is eligible under clause (ii) for funds 
                      apportioned under section 104(b)(1) shall remain 
                      eligible for such funds pursuant to clause (ii) 
                      only until the date of the enactment of a law 
                      described in clause (i).
                    ``(D) Modifications after initial approval.--After 
                the date of the enactment of a law described in 
                subparagraph (C)(i), a modification consisting of a 
                connector to an intermodal transportation facility 
                described in subparagraph (A) may be made in accordance 
                with paragraph (6).
            ``(8) Congressional high priority corridors.--Upon the 
        completion of feasibility studies, the Secretary shall add to 
        the National Highway System any congressional high priority 
        corridor or any segment thereof established by section 1105 of 
        the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 
        (105 Stat. 2031-2037) which was not identified on the National 
        Highway System designated by paragraph (5).''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 103(b)(3) of such title is 
amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``For purposes of 
        proposing highways for designation to the National Highway 
        System, the'' and inserting ``The''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (D)--
                    (A) by striking ``In proposing highways for 
                designation to the National Highway System, the'' and 
                inserting ``The''; and
                    (B) by inserting after ``mileage'' the following: 
                ``on the National Highway System''.

   TITLE II--TRANSPORTATION FUNDING <<NOTE: Urban and rural areas.>>  
FLEXIBILITY

SEC. 201. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds and declares that--
            (1) Federal infrastructure spending on transportation is 
        critical to the efficient movement of goods and people in the 
        United States;
            (2) section 1003(c) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
        Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 1921) has been estimated to 
        result in fiscal year 1996 transportation spending being reduced 
        by as much as $2,700,000,000;
            (3) such section 1003(c) will result in a reduction of 
        critical funds to States from the Highway Trust Fund; and
            (4) the funding reduction will have adverse effects on the 
        national economy and the predictability of funding for the 
        Nation's highway system and impede interstate commerce.

    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of this title are--
            (1) to make the program categories in the Federal-aid 
        highway program more flexible so that States may fund high-
        priority projects in fiscal year 1996;
            (2) to reallocate funds from certain programs during fiscal 
        year 1996 so that the States will be able to continue their core 
        transportation infrastructure programs;
            (3) to ensure the equitable distribution of funds to 
        urbanized areas with a population over 200,000 in a manner 
        consistent with the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency 
        Act of 1991; and
            (4) to suspend certain penalties that would be imposed on 
        the States.

SEC. 202. FUNDING RESTORATION.

    (a) In General.--Not later than the 10th day following the date of 
the enactment of this Act and on October 1, 1997, or as soon as possible 
thereafter, the Secretary shall allocate among the States the amounts 
made available, as a result of section 203, to carry out this section 
for fiscal years 1996 and 1997, respectively, for projects eligible for 
assistance under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.
    (b) Allocation Formula.--Funds made available to carry out this 
section shall be allocated among the States in accordance with the 
following table:
  States:                                         Allocation Percentages
        Alabama................................................... 1.80 
        Alaska.................................................... 1.20 
        Arizona................................................... 1.43 
        Arkansas.................................................. 1.42 
        California................................................ 9.17 
        Colorado.................................................. 1.27 
        Connecticut............................................... 1.74 
        Delaware.................................................. 0.39 
        District of Columbia...................................... 0.52 
        Florida................................................... 4.04 
        Georgia................................................... 2.92 
        Hawaii.................................................... 0.54 
        Idaho..................................................... 0.70 
        Illinois.................................................. 3.88 
        Indiana................................................... 2.18 
        Iowa...................................................... 1.27 
        Kansas.................................................... 1.13 
        Kentucky.................................................. 1.53 
        Louisiana................................................. 1.52 
        Maine..................................................... 0.65 
        Maryland.................................................. 1.68 
        Massachusetts............................................. 4.11 
        Michigan.................................................. 2.75 
        Minnesota................................................. 1.69 
        Mississippi............................................... 1.11 
        Missouri.................................................. 2.28 
        Montana................................................... 0.93 
        Nebraska.................................................. 0.79 
        Nevada.................................................... 0.69 
        New Hampshire............................................. 0.48 
        New Jersey................................................ 2.86 
        New Mexico................................................ 1.02 
        New York.................................................. 5.35 
        North Carolina............................................ 2.62 
        North Dakota.............................................. 0.64 
        Ohio...................................................... 3.64 
        Oklahoma.................................................. 1.36 
        Oregon.................................................... 1.23 
        Pennsylvania.............................................. 4.93 
        Rhode Island.............................................. 0.56 
        South Carolina............................................ 1.42 
        South Dakota.............................................. 0.69 
        Tennessee................................................. 2.00 
        Texas..................................................... 6.21 
        Utah...................................................... 0.73 
        Vermont................................................... 0.43 
        Virginia.................................................. 2.28 
        Washington................................................ 2.05 
        West Virginia............................................. 1.15 
        Wisconsin................................................. 1.90 
        Wyoming................................................... 0.65 
        Puerto Rico............................................... 0.46 
        Territories...............................................0.01. 

    (c) Effect of Allocations.--Funds distributed to States under 
subsection (b) shall not affect calculations to determine allocations to 
States under section 157 of title 23, United States Code, and sections 
1013(c), 1015(a), and 1015(b) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 104 note).
    (d) Applicability of Chapter 1  of Title 23.--Notwithstanding any 
other provision of law, funds made available to carry out this section 
shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds 
were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code. Such 
funds shall be available for obligation for the fiscal year for which 
such amounts are made available plus the 3 succeeding fiscal years. 
Obligation limitations for Federal-aid highways and highway safety 
construction programs established by the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 and subsequent laws shall apply to 
obligations made under this section.
    (e) Special Rule for Urbanized Areas of Over 200,000.--
            (1) General rule.--The amount determined by application of 
        the percentage determined under paragraph (2) to funds allocated 
        to a State under this section for a fiscal year shall be 
        obligated in urbanized areas of the State with an urbanized 
        population of over 200,000 under section 133(d)(3) of title 23, 
        United States Code.
            (2) Percentage.--The percentage referred to in paragraph (1) 
        is the percentage determined by dividing--
                    (A) the total amount of the reduction in funds that 
                would have been attributed under section 133(d)(3) of 
                title 23, United States Code, to urbanized areas of the 
                State with an urbanized population of over 200,000 for 
                fiscal year 1996 as a result of the application of 
                section 1003(c) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
                Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 1921); by
                    (B) the total amount of the reduction in authorized 
                funds for fiscal year 1996 that would have been 
                allocated to the State, and that would have been 
                apportioned to the State, as a result of the application 
                of such section 1003(c).

    (f) Limitation on Planning Expenditures.--One-half of 1 percent of 
amounts allocated to each State under this section in any fiscal year 
may be available for expenditure for the purpose of carrying out the 
requirements of section 134 of title 23, United States Code (relating to 
transportation planning). One and one-half percent of the amounts 
allocated to each State under this section in any fiscal year may be 
available for expenditure for the purpose of carrying out activities 
referred to in section 307(c) of such title.
    (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated, out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account), to carry out this section $266,522,436 for fiscal year 1996 
and $155,000,000 for fiscal year 1997. Such funds shall not be subject 
to an administrative deduction under section 104(a) of title 23, United 
States Code.
    (h) Territories Defined.--In this section, the term ``territories'' 
means the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of 
the Northern Mariana Islands.

SEC. 203. RESCISSIONS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Rescissions.--Effective on the date 
of the enactment of this Act and after any necessary reductions are made 
under section 1003(c) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 1921), the following unobligated 
balances available on such date of enactment, of funds made available 
for the following provisions are hereby rescinded:
            (1) $78,994 made available by section 131(c) of the Surface 
        Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 (96 Stat. 2120).
            (2) $798,701 made available by section 131(j) of the Surface 
        Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 (96 Stat. 2123).
            (3) $942,249 made available by section 149(a)(66) of the 
        Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 
        1987 (101 Stat. 185).
            (4) $52,834 made available by section 149(a)(95) of the 
        Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 
        1987 (101 Stat. 195).
            (5) $909,131 made available by section 149(a)(99) of the 
        Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 
        1987 (101 Stat. 195).
            (6) $797,800 made available by section 149(a)(100) of the 
        Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 
        1987 (101 Stat. 195).
            (7) $2 made available by section 149(c)(3) of the Surface 
        Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987 
        (101 Stat. 201).
            (8) $24,706,878 made available by section 1012(b)(6) of the 
        Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 
        Stat. 1938).
            (9) $15,401,107 made available by section 1003(a)(7) of the 
        Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 
        Stat. 1919).
            (10) $113,834,740, or such greater amount as may be 
        necessary to ensure that the aggregate of amounts rescinded by 
        this subsection and amounts reduced by the amendments made by 
        subsection (b) is equal to the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated by section 202(g) for fiscal year 1996, deducted by 
        the Secretary under section 104(a) of title 23, United States 
        Code.

    (b) Reductions in Authorized Amounts.--
            (1) Magnetic levitation.--Section 1036(d)(1) of the 
        Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 
        Stat. 1986) is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``and'' after 
                ``1994,'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``, 
                $125,000,000'' and all that follows through ``1997''; 
                and
                    (C) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``1996, and 
                1997'' and inserting ``and 1996''.
            (2) Highway safety programs.--Section 2005(1) of such Act 
        (105 Stat. 2079) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``and'' the first place it appears 
                and inserting a comma; and
                    (B) by striking ``1996, and 1997'' and inserting 
                ``and 1996, and $146,000,000 for fiscal year 1997''.
            (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by paragraphs (1) 
        and (2) shall take effect on the later of the date of the 
        enactment of this Act or as soon as possible after the date on 
        which authorized funds for fiscal year 1996 are reduced as a 
        result of application of section 1003(c) of such Act.

    (c) Congestion Pricing Pilot Program Transfers.--After the date on 
which authorized funds for fiscal year 1996 are reduced as a result of 
application of section 1003(c) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991, the amounts made available for fiscal years 1996 
and 1997 to carry out section 1012(b) of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 1938) shall be 
available to carry out projects under section 202 of this Act.

SEC. 204. STATE UNOBLIGATED BALANCE FLEXIBILITY.

    (a) Reduction in Federal Funding.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Notification of states.--On 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, or as soon as possible 
        thereafter, the Secretary shall notify each State of the total 
        amount of the reduction in authorized funds for fiscal year 1996 
        that would have been allocated to such State, and that would 
        have been apportioned to such State, as a result of application 
        of section 1003(c) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
        Efficiency Act of 1991.
            (2) Exclusion of certain funding.--In determining the amount 
        of any reduction under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall deduct 
        the amount allocated to each State in fiscal year 1996 to carry 
        out projects under section 202 of this Act.

    (b) Unobligated Balance Flexibility.--Upon request of a State, the 
Secretary shall make available to carry out projects eligible for 
assistance under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, in fiscal 
year 1996 an amount not to exceed the amount determined under subsection 
(a) for the State. Such funds shall be made available from authorized 
funds that were allocated or apportioned to such State and were not 
obligated as of September 30, 1995. The State shall designate on or 
before the 30th day following the date of the enactment of this Act, or 
as soon as possible thereafter, which of such authorized funds are to be 
made available under this section to carry out such projects. The 
Secretary shall make available, before the 45th day following such date 
of enactment or as soon as possible thereafter, funds designated under 
the preceding sentence to the State.
    (c) Special Rules.--
            (1) Urbanized areas of over 200,000.--Funds that were 
        apportioned to the State under section 104(b)(3) of title 23, 
        United States Code, and attributed to urbanized areas of a State 
        with an urbanized population of over 200,000 under section 
        133(d)(3) of such title may be designated by the State under 
        subsection (b) only if the metropolitan planning organization 
        designated for such area concurs, in writing, with such 
        designation.
            (2) Congestion mitigation and air quality and surface 
        transportation program transportation enhancement activities 
        balances.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), States may not designate under subsection (b) CMAQ 
                and STP transportation enhancement funds.
                    (B) Exception for insufficient funding 
                availability.--If the Secretary determines--
                          (i) that there is not sufficient funding 
                      available to pay the Federal share of the cost of 
                      a project in fiscal year 1996 from funds 
                      apportioned or allocated to a State under title 
                      23, United States Code, and title I of the 
                      Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act 
                      of 1991 and available for carrying out projects of 
                      the same category as such project, and
                          (ii) that the State has utilized all 
                      flexibility and transferability available to it 
                      under title 23, United States Code, and this 
                      section with respect to such project,
                the State may designate in fiscal year 1996 under 
                subsection (b) CMAQ and STP transportation enhancement 
                funds apportioned or allocated to the State and not 
                obligated as of the date of the enactment of this Act to 
                carry out such project.
                    (C) CMAQ and stp transportation enhancement funds 
                defined.--In this paragraph, the term ``CMAQ and STP 
                transportation enhancement funds'' means--
                          (i) funds apportioned under section 104(b)(2) 
                      of title 23, United States Code; and
                          (ii) funds apportioned under section 104(b)(3) 
                      of such title and available only for 
                      transportation enhancement activities under 
                      section 133(d)(3) of such title.
            (3) Interstate construction balances.--A State may not 
        designate under subsection (b) more than \1/3\ of funds 
        apportioned or allocated to the State for interstate 
        construction and not obligated as of the date of the enactment 
        of this Act.

    (d) Applicability of Chapter 1 of Title 23.--Notwithstanding any 
other provision of law, amounts designated under subsection (b) shall be 
made available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were 
apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code. Such 
amounts shall be available for obligation for the same period for which 
such amounts were originally made available for obligation. Obligation 
limitations for Federal-aid highways and highway safety construction 
programs established by the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency 
Act of 1991 and subsequent laws shall apply to obligations made under 
this section.
    (e) Limitation on Statutory Construction.--Nothing in this section 
shall be construed to affect calculations under section 157 of title 23, 
United States Code, and sections 1002(e), 1013(c), 1015(a), and 1015(b) 
of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991.
    (f) State.--In this section and section 202, the term ``State'' has 
the meaning such term has under section 401 of title 23, United States 
Code.

SEC. 205. RELIEF FROM MANDATES.

    (a) Suspension of Management Systems.--Section 303 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:

    ``(c) State Election.--A State may elect, at any time, not to 
implement, in whole or in part, 1 or more of the management systems 
required under this section. The Secretary may not impose any sanction 
on, or withhold any benefit from, a State on the basis of such an 
election.''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by striking ``(f) Annual Report.--Not'' and 
                inserting the following:

    ``(f) Reports.--
            ``(1) Annual reports.--Not'';
                    (B) by moving the remainder of the text of paragraph 
                (1), as designated by subparagraph (A) of this 
                paragraph, 2 ems to the right; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Report on implementation.--Not later than October 1, 
        1996, the Comptroller General, in consultation with States, 
        shall transmit to Congress a report on the management systems 
        under this section, including recommendations as to whether, to 
        what extent, and how the management systems should be 
        implemented.''.

    (b) Asphalt Pavement Containing Recycled Rubber.--Section 1038 of 
the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 
109 note; 105 Stat. 1987-1990) is amended by striking subsection (d).
    (c) <<NOTE: 23 USC 109 note.>>  Metric Requirements.--
            (1) Placement and modification of signs.--The Secretary 
        shall not require the States to expend any Federal or State 
        funds to construct, erect, or otherwise place or to modify any 
        sign relating to a speed limit, distance, or other measurement 
        on a highway for the purpose of having such sign establish such 
        speed limit, distance, or other measurement using the metric 
        system.
            (2) Other actions.--Before September 30, 2000, the Secretary 
        shall not require that any State use or plan to use the metric 
        system with respect to designing or advertising, or preparing 
        plans, specifications, estimates, or other documents, for a 
        Federal-aid highway project eligible for assistance under title 
        23, United States Code.
            (3) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                    (A) Highway.--The term ``highway'' has the meaning 
                such term has under section 101 of title 23, United 
                States Code.
                    (B) Metric system.--The term ``metric system'' has 
                the meaning the term ``metric system of measurement'' 
                has under section 4 of the Metric Conversion Act of 1975 
                (15 U.S.C. 205c).

    (d) Repeal of National Maximum Speed Limit Compliance Program.--
            (1) In general.--Title 23, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in section 141 by striking subsection (a) and 
                redesignating subsections (b) through (d) as subsections 
                (a) through (c), respectively; and
                    (B) by striking section 154.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--The analysis to chapter 1 of such 
        title is amended by striking the item relating to section 154.
            (3) <<NOTE: 23 USC 141 note.>>  Applicability.--The 
        amendments made by paragraph (1) shall be applicable to a State 
        on the 10th day following the date of the enactment of this Act; 
        except that if the legislature of a State is not in session on 
        such date of enactment and the chief executive officer of the 
        State declares, before such 10th day, that the legislature is 
        not in session and that the State prefers an applicability date 
        for such amendments that is after the date on which the 
        legislature will convene, such amendments shall be applicable to 
        the State on the 60th day following the date on which the 
        legislature next convenes.

    (e) Elimination of Penalty for Noncompliance for 
Motorcycle <<NOTE: Effective date.>> Helmets.--Effective September 30, 
1995, section 153(h) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``a law described in subsection (a)(1) and'' each place it 
appears.

SEC. 206. DEFINITIONS.

    In this title, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Authorized funds.--The term ``authorized funds'' means 
        funds authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust 
        Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out title 
        23, United States Code (other than sections 402 and 410) and the 
        Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 and 
        subject to an obligation limitation.
            (2) Urbanized area.--The term ``urbanized area'' has the 
        meaning such term has under section 101(a) of title 23, United 
        States Code.

               TITLE III--MISCELLANEOUS HIGHWAY PROVISIONS

SEC. 301. TRAFFIC MONITORING, MANAGEMENT, AND CONTROL ON NHS.

    (a) Eligibility.--Section 103(i) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by striking paragraph (8) and inserting the following:
            ``(8) Capital and operating costs for traffic monitoring, 
        management, and control facilities and programs.''.

    (b) Definitions.--Section 101(a) of such title is amended--
            (1) in the undesignated paragraph relating to the term 
        ``project'' by inserting before the period at the end the 
        following: ``or any other undertaking eligible for assistance 
        under this title''; and
            (2) by striking the undesignated paragraph relating to the 
        term ``startup costs for traffic management and control'' and 
        inserting the following:

    ``The term `operating costs for traffic monitoring, management, and 
control' includes labor costs, administrative costs, costs of utilities 
and rent, and other costs associated with the continuous operation of 
traffic control, such as integrated traffic control systems, incident 
management programs, and traffic control centers.''.

SEC. 302. TRANSFERABILITY OF APPORTIONMENTS.

    The third sentence of section 104(g) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``40 percent'' and inserting ``50 
percent''.

SEC. 303. QUALITY IMPROVEMENT.

    (a) Life-Cycle Cost Analysis.--Section 106 of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Life-Cycle Cost Analysis.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        program to require States to conduct an analysis of the life-
        cycle costs of each usable project segment on the National 
        Highway System with a cost of $25,000,000 or more.
            ``(2) Analysis of the life-cycle costs defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term `analysis of the life-cycle costs' means a 
        process for evaluating the total economic worth of a usable 
        project segment by analyzing initial costs and discounted future 
        costs, such as maintenance, reconstruction, rehabilitation, 
        restoring, and resurfacing costs, over the life of the project 
        segment.''.

    (b) Value Engineering.--Such section is further amended by adding at 
the end the following:
    ``(f) Value Engineering for NHS.--
            ``(1) Requirement.--The Secretary shall establish a program 
        to require States to carry out a value engineering analysis for 
        all projects on the National Highway System with an estimated 
        total cost of $25,000,000 or more.
            ``(2) Value engineering defined.--In this subsection, the 
        term `value engineering analysis' means a systematic process of 
        review and analysis of a project during its design phase by a 
        multidisciplined team of persons not involved in the project in 
        order to provide suggestions for reducing the total cost of the 
        project and providing a project of equal or better quality. Such 
        suggestions may include combining or eliminating otherwise 
        inefficient or expensive parts of the original proposed design 
        for the project and total redesign of the proposed project using 
        different technologies, materials, or methods so as to 
        accomplish the original purpose of the project.''.
SEC. 304. DESIGN CRITERIA FOR THE NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM.

    Section 109 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall ensure that the plans and 
specifications for each proposed highway project under this chapter 
provide for a facility that will--
            ``(1) adequately serve the existing and planned future 
        traffic of the highway in a manner that is conducive to safety, 
        durability, and economy of maintenance; and
            ``(2) be designed and constructed in accordance with 
        criteria best suited to accomplish the objectives described in 
        paragraph (1) and to conform to the particular needs of each 
        locality.'';
            (2) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:

    ``(c) Design Criteria for National Highway System.--
            ``(1) In general.--A design for new construction, 
        reconstruction, resurfacing (except for maintenance 
        resurfacing), restoration, or rehabilitation of a highway on the 
        National Highway System (other than a highway also on the 
        Interstate System) may take into account, in addition to the 
        criteria described in subsection (a)--
                    ``(A) the constructed and natural environment of the 
                area;
                    ``(B) the environmental, scenic, aesthetic, 
                historic, community, and preservation impacts of the 
                activity; and
                    ``(C) access for other modes of transportation.
            ``(2) Development of criteria.--The Secretary, in 
        cooperation with State highway departments, may develop criteria 
        to implement paragraph (1). In developing criteria under this 
        paragraph, the Secretary shall consider the results of the 
        committee process of the American Association of State Highway 
        and Transportation Officials as used in adopting and publishing 
        `A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets', 
        including comments submitted by interested parties as part of 
        such process.''; and
            (3) by striking subsection (q) and inserting the following:

    ``(q) Scenic and Historic Values.--Notwithstanding subsections (b) 
and (c), the Secretary may approve a project for the National Highway 
System if the project is designed to--
            ``(1) allow for the preservation of environmental, scenic, 
        or historic values;
            ``(2) ensure safe use of the facility; and
            ``(3) comply with subsection (a).''.
SEC. 305. APPLICABILITY OF TRANSPORTATION CONFORMITY REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Highway Construction.--Section 109(j) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``plan for the implementation of any 
ambient air quality standard for any air quality control region 
designated pursuant to the Clean Air Act, as amended.'' and inserting 
the following: ``plan for--
            ``(1) the implementation of a national ambient air quality 
        standard for each pollutant for which an area is designated as a 
        nonattainment area under section 107(d) of the Clean Air Act (42 
        U.S.C. 7407(d)); or
            ``(2) the maintenance of a national ambient air quality 
        standard in an area that was designated as a nonattainment area 
        but that was later redesignated by the Administrator as an 
        attainment area for the standard and that is required to develop 
        a maintenance plan under section 175A of the Clean Air Act (42 
        U.S.C. 7505a).''.

    (b) Clean Air Act Requirements.--Section 176(c) of the Clean Air Act 
(42 U.S.C. 7506(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Applicability.--This subsection shall apply only with 
        respect to--
                    ``(A) a nonattainment area and each pollutant for 
                which the area is designated as a nonattainment area; 
                and
                    ``(B) an area that was designated as a nonattainment 
                area but that was later redesignated by the 
                Administrator as an attainment area and that is required 
                to develop a maintenance plan under section 175A with 
                respect to the specific pollutant for which the area was 
                designated nonattainment.''.

SEC. 306. MOTORIST CALL BOXES.

    Section 111 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
    ``(c) Motorist Call Boxes.--
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), a State 
        may permit the placement of motorist call boxes on rights-of-way 
        of the National Highway System. Such motorist call boxes may 
        include the identification and sponsorship logos of such call 
        boxes.
            ``(2) Sponsorship logos.--
                    ``(A) Approval by state and local agencies.--All 
                call box installations displaying sponsorship logos 
                under this subsection shall be approved by the highway 
                agencies having jurisdiction of the highway on which 
                they are located.
                    ``(B) Size on box.--A sponsorship logo may be placed 
                on the call box in a dimension not to exceed the size of 
                the call box or a total dimension in excess of 12 inches 
                by 18 inches.
                    ``(C) Size on identification sign.--Sponsorship 
                logos in a dimension not to exceed 12 inches by 30 
                inches may be displayed on a call box identification 
                sign affixed to the call box post.
                    ``(D) Spacing of signs.--Sponsorship logos affixed 
                to an identification sign on a call box post may be 
                located on the rights-of-way at intervals not more 
                frequently than 1 per every 5 miles.
                    ``(E) Distribution throughout state.--Within a 
                State, at least 20 percent of the call boxes displaying 
                sponsorship logos shall be located on highways outside 
                of urbanized areas with a population greater than 
                50,000.
            ``(3) Nonsafety hazards.--The call boxes and their location, 
        posts, foundations, and mountings shall be consistent with 
        requirements of the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices or 
        any requirements deemed necessary by the Secretary to assure 
        that the call boxes shall not be a safety hazard to 
        motorists.''.

SEC. 307. QUALITY THROUGH COMPETITION.

    (a) Contracting for Engineering and Design Services.--Section 
112(b)(2) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
                    ``(C) Performance and audits.--Any contract or 
                subcontract awarded in accordance with subparagraph (A), 
                whether funded in whole or in part with Federal-aid 
                highway funds, shall be performed and audited in 
                compliance with cost principles contained in the Federal 
                Acquisition Regulations of part 31 of title 48, Code of 
                Federal Regulations.
                    ``(D) Indirect cost rates.--Instead of performing 
                its own audits, a recipient of funds under a contract or 
                subcontract awarded in accordance with subparagraph (A) 
                shall accept indirect cost rates established in 
                accordance with the Federal Acquisition Regulations for 
                1-year applicable accounting periods by a cognizant 
                Federal or State government agency, if such rates are 
                not currently under dispute.
                    ``(E) Application of rates.--Once a firm's indirect 
                cost rates are accepted under this paragraph, the 
                recipient of the funds shall apply such rates for the 
                purposes of contract estimation, negotiation, 
                administration, reporting, and contract payment and 
                shall not be limited by administrative or de facto 
                ceilings of any kind.
                    ``(F) Prenotification; confidentiality of data.--A 
                recipient of funds requesting or using the cost and rate 
                data described in subparagraph (E) shall notify any 
                affected firm before such request or use. Such data 
                shall be confidential and shall not be accessible or 
                provided, in whole or in part, to another firm or to any 
                government agency which is not part of the group of 
                agencies sharing cost data under this paragraph, except 
                by written permission of the audited firm. If prohibited 
                by law, such cost and rate data shall not be disclosed 
                under any circumstances.
                    ``(G) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  State option.--
                Subparagraphs (C), (D), (E), and (F) shall take effect 1 
                year after the date of the enactment of this 
                subparagraph; except that if a State, during such 1-year 
                period, adopts by statute an alternative process 
                intended to promote engineering and design quality and 
                ensure maximum competition by professional companies of 
                all sizes providing engineering and design services, 
                such subparagraphs shall not apply with respect to the 
                State. If the Secretary determines that the legislature 
                of the State did not convene and adjourn a full regular 
                session during such 1-year period, the Secretary may 
                extend such 1-year period until the adjournment of the 
                next regular session of the legislature.''.

    (b) Repeal of Pilot Program.--Section 1092 of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 112 note; 105 Stat. 
2024) is repealed.

SEC. 308. LIMITATION ON ADVANCE CONSTRUCTION.

    Section 115(d) of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(d) Inclusion in Transportation Improvement Program.--The 
Secretary may approve an application for a project under this section 
only if the project is included in the transportation improvement 
program of the State developed under section 135(f).''.

SEC. 309. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE.

    Section 116 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
    ``(d) Preventive Maintenance.--A preventive maintenance activity 
shall be eligible for Federal assistance under this title if the State 
demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Secretary that the activity is a 
cost-effective means of extending the useful life of a Federal-aid 
highway.''.

SEC. 310. FEDERAL SHARE.

    (a) Safety Rest Areas.--Section 120(c) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``safety rest areas,'' after 
        ``signalization,''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following: ``In this 
        subsection, the term `safety rest area' means an area where 
        motor vehicle operators can park their vehicles and rest, where 
        food, fuel, and lodging services are not available, and that is 
        located on a segment of highway with respect to which the 
        Secretary determines there is a shortage of public and private 
        areas at which motor vehicle operators can park their vehicles 
        and rest.''.

    (b) Bicycle Transportation Facilities and Pedestrian Walkways.--
Section 217(f) of such title is amended by striking ``80 percent'' and 
inserting ``determined in accordance with section 120(b)''.
    (c) Economic Growth Center Development Highways.--Section 1021(c) of 
the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 
120 note), as amended by section 417 of the Department of Transportation 
and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1993 (106 Stat. 1565), is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of clause (2) and 
        inserting ``or''; and
            (2) in clause (3) by striking ``section 143 of title 23'' 
        and inserting ``a project for construction, reconstruction, or 
        improvement of a development highway under section 143 of such 
        title on a Federal-aid system (other than the Interstate 
        System), as such system was described in section 103 of such 
        title on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act''.

    (d) Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport Connector.--Notwithstanding 
any other provision of law, the Federal share of the cost of the project 
to construct a highway to the Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport from 
United States Route 71 in Arkansas shall be 95 percent.
SEC. 311. ELIGIBILITY OF BOND AND OTHER DEBT INSTRUMENT FINANCING 
                        FOR REIMBURSEMENT AS CONSTRUCTION 
                        EXPENSES.

    (a) In General.--Section 122 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 122. Payments to States for bond and other debt instrument 
                        financing

    ``(a) Definition of Eligible Debt Financing Instrument.--In this 
section, the term `eligible debt financing instrument' means a bond or 
other debt financing instrument, including a note, certificate, 
mortgage, or lease agreement, issued by a State or political subdivision 
of a State or a public authority, the proceeds of which are used for an 
eligible project under this title.
    ``(b) Federal Reimbursement.--Subject to subsections (c) and (d), 
the Secretary may reimburse a State for expenses and costs incurred by 
the State or a political subdivision of the State and reimburse a public 
authority for expenses and costs incurred by the public authority for--
            ``(1) interest payments under an eligible debt financing 
        instrument;
            ``(2) the retirement of principal of an eligible debt 
        financing instrument;
            ``(3) the cost of the issuance of an eligible debt financing 
        instrument;
            ``(4) the cost of insurance for an eligible debt financing 
        instrument; and
            ``(5) any other cost incidental to the sale of an eligible 
        debt financing instrument (as determined by the Secretary).

    ``(c) Conditions on Payment.--The Secretary may reimburse a State or 
public authority under subsection (b) with respect to a project funded 
by an eligible debt financing instrument after the State or public 
authority has complied with this title with respect to the project to 
the extent and in the manner that would be required if payment were to 
be made under section 121.
    ``(d) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of a project 
payable under this section shall not exceed the Federal share of the 
cost of the project as determined under section 120.
    ``(e) Statutory Construction.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
of law, the eligibility of an eligible debt financing instrument for 
reimbursement under subsection (b) shall not--
            ``(1) constitute a commitment, guarantee, or obligation on 
        the part of the United States to provide for payment of 
        principal or interest on the eligible debt financing instrument; 
        or
            ``(2) create any right of a third party against the United 
        States for payment under the eligible debt financing 
        instrument.''.

    (b) Definition of Construction.--The first sentence of the 
undesignated paragraph relating to the term ``construction'' of section 
101(a) of such title is amended by inserting ``bond costs and other 
costs relating to the issuance in accordance with section 122 of bonds 
or other debt financing instruments,'' after ``highway, including''.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of such title 
is amended by striking the item relating to section 122 and inserting 
the following:

``122. Payments to States for bond and other debt instrument 
           financing.''.

SEC. 312. VEHICLE WEIGHT AND LONGER COMBINATION VEHICLES 
                        EXEMPTIONS.

    (a) Sioux City, Iowa.--
            (1) Vehicle weight limitations.--The proviso in the second 
        sentence of section 127(a) of title 23, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``except for those'' and inserting the 
        following: ``except for vehicles using Interstate Route 29 
        between Sioux City, Iowa, and the border between Iowa and South 
        Dakota or vehicles using Interstate Route 129 between Sioux 
        City, Iowa, and the border between Iowa and Nebraska, and except 
        for those''.
            (2) Longer combination vehicles.--Section 127(d)(1) of such 
        title is amended by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) Iowa.--In addition to vehicles that the State 
                of Iowa may continue to allow to be operated under 
                subparagraph (A), the State may allow longer combination 
                vehicles that were not in actual operation on June 1, 
                1991, to be operated on Interstate Route 29 between 
                Sioux City, Iowa, and the border between Iowa and South 
                Dakota or Interstate Route 129 between Sioux City, Iowa, 
                and the border between Iowa and Nebraska.''.
            (3) Property-carrying unit limitation.--Section 31112(c) of 
        title 49, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in the subsection heading by striking ``and 
                Alaska'' and inserting ``Alaska, and Iowa'';
                    (B) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (2);
                    (C) by striking the period at the end of paragraph 
                (3) and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Iowa may allow the operation on Interstate Route 29 
        between Sioux City, Iowa, and the border between Iowa and South 
        Dakota or on Interstate Route 129 between Sioux City, Iowa, and 
        the border between Iowa and Nebraska of commercial motor vehicle 
        combinations with trailer length, semitrailer length, and 
        property-carrying unit length allowed by law or regulation and 
        in actual lawful operation on a regular or periodic basis 
        (including continued seasonal operation) in South Dakota or 
        Nebraska, respectively, before June 2, 1991.''.

    (b) Applicability of Certain Vehicle Weight Limitations in 
Wisconsin.--Section 127 of such title is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(f) Operation of Certain Specialized Hauling Vehicles on Certain 
Wisconsin Highways.--If the 104-mile portion of Wisconsin State Route 78 
and United States Route 51 between Interstate Route 94 near Portage, 
Wisconsin, and Wisconsin State Route 29 south of Wausau, Wisconsin, is 
designated as part of the Interstate System under section 139(a), the 
single axle weight, tandem axle weight, gross vehicle weight, and bridge 
formula limits set forth in subsection (a) shall not apply to the 104-
mile portion with respect to the operation of any vehicle that could 
legally operate on the 104-mile portion before the date of the enactment 
of this subsection.''.

SEC. 313. TOLL ROADS.

    (a) Federal Share for Highways, Bridges, and Tunnels.--Section 
129(a)(5) of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(5) Limitation on federal share.--The Federal share 
        payable for a project described in paragraph (1) shall be a 
        percentage determined by the State but not to exceed 80 
        percent.''.

    (b) Loan Program.--Section 129(a)(7) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(7) Loans.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A State may loan to a public or 
                private entity constructing or proposing to construct 
                under this section a toll facility or non-toll facility 
                with a dedicated revenue source an amount equal to all 
                or part of the Federal share of the cost of the project 
                if the project has a revenue source specifically 
                dedicated to it. Dedicated revenue sources for non-toll 
                facilities include excise taxes, sales taxes, motor 
                vehicle use fees, tax on real property, tax increment 
                financing, and such other dedicated revenue sources as 
                the Secretary determines appropriate.
                    ``(B) Compliance with federal laws.--As a condition 
                of receiving a loan under this paragraph, the public or 
                private entity that receives the loan shall ensure that 
                the project will be carried out in accordance with this 
                title and any other applicable Federal law, including 
                any applicable provision of a Federal environmental law.
                    ``(C) Subordination of debt.--The amount of any loan 
                received for a project under this paragraph may be 
                subordinated to any other debt financing for the 
                project.
                    ``(D) Obligation of funds loaned.--Funds loaned 
                under this paragraph may only be obligated for projects 
                under this paragraph.
                    ``(E) Repayment.--The repayment of a loan made under 
                this paragraph shall commence not later than 5 years 
                after date on which the facility that is the subject of 
                the loan is open to traffic.
                    ``(F) Term of loan.--The term of a loan made under 
                this paragraph shall not exceed 30 years from the date 
                on which the loan funds are obligated.
                    ``(G) Interest.--A loan made under this paragraph 
                shall bear interest at or below market interest rates, 
                as determined by the State, to make the project that is 
                the subject of the loan feasible.
                    ``(H) Reuse of funds.--Amounts repaid to a State 
                from a loan made under this paragraph may be obligated--
                          ``(i) for any purpose for which the loan funds 
                      were available under this title; and
                          ``(ii) for the purchase of insurance or for 
                      use as a capital reserve for other forms of credit 
                      enhancement for project debt in order to improve 
                      credit market access or to lower interest rates 
                      for projects eligible for assistance under this 
                      title.
                    ``(I) Guidelines.--The Secretary shall establish 
                procedures and guidelines for making loans under this 
                paragraph.''.

    (c) Ferry Boats and Terminal Facilities.--Section 129(c)(5) of such 
title is amended--
            (1) by inserting before the period at the end of the first 
        sentence the following: ``or between a point in a State and a 
        point in the Dominion of Canada''; and
            (2) in the second sentence--
                    (A) by striking ``Hawaii and'' and inserting 
                ``Hawaii,''; and
                    (B) by inserting after ``Puerto Rico'' the 
                following: ``, operations between a point in a State and 
                a point in the Dominion of Canada,''.

    (d) Treatment of Centennial Bridge, Rock Island, Illinois, 
Agreement.--For purposes of section 129(a)(6) of title 23, United States 
Code, the agreement concerning the Centennial Bridge, Rock Island, 
Illinois, entered into under the Act entitled ``An Act authorizing the 
city of Rock Island, Illinois, or its assigns, to construct, maintain, 
and operate a toll bridge across the Mississippi River at or near Rock 
Island, Illinois, and to a place at or near the city of Davenport, 
Iowa'', approved March 18, 1938 (52 Stat. 110), shall be treated as if 
the agreement had been entered into under section 129 of title 23, 
United States Code, as in effect on December 17, 1991, and may be 
modified in accordance with section 129(a)(6) of such title.
    (e) Collection of Tolls To Finance Certain Environmental Projects in 
Florida.--Notwithstanding section 129(a) of title 23, United States 
Code, on request of the Governor of the State of Florida, the Secretary 
shall modify the agreement entered into with the transportation 
department of the State under section 129(a)(3) of such title to permit 
the collection of tolls to liquidate such indebtedness as may be 
incurred to finance any cost associated with a feature of an 
environmental project that is carried out under State law and approved 
by the Secretary of the Interior.

SEC. 314. SCENIC BYWAYS.

    Section 131(s) of title 23, United Sates Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following: ``In designating a scenic byway for purposes 
of this section and section 1047 of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991, a State may exclude from such 
designation any segment of a highway that is inconsistent with the 
State's criteria for designating State scenic byways. Nothing in the 
preceding sentence shall preclude a State from signing any such excluded 
segment, including such segment on a map, or carrying out similar 
activities, solely for purposes of system continuity.''.
SEC. 315. APPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN REQUIREMENTS TO THIRD PARTY 
                        SELLERS.

    Section 133(d) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
            ``(5) Applicability of certain requirements to third party 
        sellers.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C), in the case of a 
                transportation enhancement activity funded from the 
                allocation required under paragraph (2), if real 
                property or an interest in real property is to be 
                acquired from a qualified organization exclusively for 
                conservation purposes (as determined under section 
                170(h) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986), the 
                organization shall be considered to be the owner of the 
                property for the purpose of the Uniform Relocation 
                Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 
                1970 (42 U.S.C. 4601 et seq.).
                    ``(B) Federal approval prior to involvement of 
                qualified organization.--If Federal approval of the 
                acquisition of the real property or interest predates 
                the involvement of a qualified organization described in 
                subparagraph (A) in the acquisition of the property, the 
                organization shall be considered to be an acquiring 
                agency or person as described in section 24.101(a)(2) of 
                title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, for the purpose 
                of the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property 
                Acquisition Policies Act of 1970.
                    ``(C) Acquisitions on behalf of recipients of 
                federal funds.--If a qualified organization described in 
                subparagraph (A) has contracted with a State highway 
                department or other recipient of Federal funds to 
                acquire the real property or interest on behalf of the 
                recipient, the organization shall be considered to be an 
                agent of the recipient for the purpose of the Uniform 
                Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition 
                Policies Act of 1970.''.
SEC. 316. STREAMLINING FOR TRANSPORTATION ENHANCEMENT PROJECTS.

    Section 133(e) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking ``(3) Payments.--The'' and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(3) Payments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the'';
                    (B) by moving the remainder of the text of 
                subparagraph (A), as designated by subparagraph (A) of 
                this paragraph, 2 ems to the right; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Advance payment option for transportation 
                enhancement activities.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The Secretary may advance 
                      funds to the State for transportation enhancement 
                      activities funded from the allocation required by 
                      subsection (d)(2) for a fiscal year if the 
                      Secretary certifies for the fiscal year that the 
                      State has authorized and uses a process for the 
                      selection of transportation enhancement projects 
                      that involves representatives of affected public 
                      entities, and private citizens, with expertise 
                      related to transportation enhancement activities.
                          ``(ii) Limitation on amounts.--Amounts 
                      advanced under this subparagraph shall be limited 
                      to such amounts as are necessary to make prompt 
                      payments for project costs.
                          ``(iii) Effect on other requirements.--This 
                      subparagraph shall not exempt a State from other 
                      requirements of this title relating to the surface 
                      transportation program.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Transportation enhancement activities.--
                    ``(A) Categorical exclusions.--To the extent 
                appropriate, the Secretary shall develop categorical 
                exclusions from the requirement that an environmental 
                assessment or an environmental impact statement under 
                section 102 of the National Environmental Policy Act of 
                1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332) be prepared for transportation 
                enhancement activities funded from the allocation 
                required by subsection (d)(2).
                    ``(B) Nationwide programmatic agreement.--The 
                Secretary, in consultation with the National Conference 
                of State Historic Preservation Officers and the Advisory 
                Council on Historic Preservation established under title 
                II of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 
                470i et seq.), shall develop a nationwide programmatic 
                agreement governing the review of transportation 
                enhancement activities funded from the allocation 
                required by subsection (d)(2), in accordance with--
                          ``(i) section 106 of such Act (16 U.S.C. 
                      470f); and
                          ``(ii) the regulations of the Advisory Council 
                      on Historic Preservation.''.
SEC. 317. METROPOLITAN PLANNING FOR HIGHWAY PROJECTS.

    Section 134(f) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
            ``(16) Recreational travel and tourism.''.
SEC. 318. NON-FEDERAL SHARE FOR CERTAIN TOLL BRIDGE PROJECTS.

    Section 144(l) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following: ``Any non-Federal funds expended for the 
seismic retrofit of the bridge may be credited toward the non-Federal 
share required as a condition of receipt of any Federal funds for 
seismic retrofit of the bridge made available after the date of the 
expenditure.''.
SEC. 319. CONGESTION MITIGATION AND AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT 
                        PROGRAM.

    (a) Areas Eligible for Funds.--
            (1) In general.--The first sentence of section 149(b) of 
        title 23, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``if the project or program is for 
                an area in the State that was designated as a 
                nonattainment area under section 107(d) of the Clean Air 
                Act (42 U.S.C. 7407(d)) during any part of fiscal year 
                1994 and'' after ``program'' the second place it 
                appears; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1)(A) by striking ``contribute'' 
                and all that follows through ``; or'' and inserting the 
                following: ``contribute to--
                          ``(i) the attainment of a national ambient air 
                      quality standard; or
                          ``(ii) the maintenance of a national ambient 
                      air quality standard in an area that was 
                      designated as a nonattainment area but that was 
                      later redesignated by the Administrator of the 
                      Environmental Protection Agency as an attainment 
                      area under section 107(d) of the Clean Air Act (42 
                      U.S.C. 7407(d)); or''.
            (2) Apportionment.--Section 104(b)(2) of such title is 
        amended--
                    (A) in the second sentence, by striking ``is a 
                nonattainment area (as defined in the Clean Air Act) for 
                ozone'' and inserting ``was a nonattainment area (as 
                defined in section 171(2) of the Clean Air Act (42 
                U.S.C. 7501(2))) for ozone during any part of fiscal 
                year 1994''; and
                    (B) in the third sentence--
                          (i) by striking ``is also'' and inserting 
                      ``was also''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``during any part of fiscal 
                      year 1994'' after ``monoxide''.

    (b) Traffic Monitoring, Management, and Control Facilities and 
Programs.--The first sentence of section 149(b) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``or'' at the end of paragraph (2);
            (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (3) and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) to establish or operate a traffic monitoring, 
        management, and control facility or program if the Secretary, 
        after consultation with the Administrator of the Environmental 
        Protection Agency, determines that the facility or program is 
        likely to contribute to the attainment of a national ambient air 
        quality standard; or''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 23 USC 104 note.>>  Effect of Limitation on 
Apportionment.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for each of 
fiscal years 1996 and 1997, the amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
not affect any apportionment adjustments under section 1015 of the 
Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 
1943).
SEC. 320. OPERATION OF MOTOR VEHICLES BY INTOXICATED MINORS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 161. Operation of motor vehicles by intoxicated minors

    ``(a) Withholding of Apportionments for Noncompliance.--
            ``(1) Fiscal year 1999.--The Secretary shall withhold 5 
        percent of the amount required to be apportioned to any State 
        under each of paragraphs (1), (3), and (5)(B) of section 104(b) 
        on October 1, 1998, if the State does not meet the requirement 
        of paragraph (3) on that date.
            ``(2) Thereafter.--The Secretary shall withhold 10 percent 
        (including any amounts withheld under paragraph (1)) of the 
        amount required to be apportioned to any State under each of 
        paragraphs (1), (3), and (5)(B) of section 104(b) on October 1, 
        1999, and on October 1 of each fiscal year thereafter, if the 
        State does not meet the requirement of paragraph (3) on that 
        date.
            ``(3) Requirement.--A State meets the requirement of this 
        paragraph if the State has enacted and is enforcing a law that 
        considers an individual under the age of 21 who has a blood 
        alcohol concentration of 0.02 percent or greater while operating 
        a motor vehicle in the State to be driving while intoxicated or 
        driving under the influence of alcohol.

    ``(b) Period of Availability; Effect of Compliance and 
Noncompliance.--
            ``(1) Period of availability of withheld funds.--
                    ``(A) Funds withheld on or before september 30, 
                2000.--Any funds withheld under subsection (a) from 
                apportionment to any State on or before September 30, 
                2000, shall remain available until the end of the third 
                fiscal year following the fiscal year for which the 
                funds are authorized to be appropriated.
                    ``(B) Funds withheld after september 30, 2000.--No 
                funds withheld under this section from apportionment to 
                any State after September 30, 2000, shall be available 
                for apportionment to the State.
            ``(2) Apportionment of withheld funds after compliance.--If, 
        before the last day of the period for which funds withheld under 
        subsection (a) from apportionment are to remain available for 
        apportionment to a State under paragraph (1), the State meets 
        the requirement of subsection (a)(3), the Secretary shall, on 
        the first day on which the State meets the requirement, 
        apportion to the State the funds withheld under subsection (a) 
        that remain available for apportionment to the State.
            ``(3) Period of availability of subsequently apportioned 
        funds.--Any funds apportioned pursuant to paragraph (2) shall 
        remain available for expenditure until the end of the third 
        fiscal year following the fiscal year in which the funds are so 
        apportioned. Sums not obligated at the end of that period shall 
        lapse.
            ``(4) Effect of noncompliance.--If, at the end of the period 
        for which funds withheld under subsection (a) from apportionment 
        are available for apportionment to a State under paragraph (1), 
        the State does not meet the requirement of subsection (a)(3), 
        the funds shall lapse.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis of such chapter is amended 
by adding at the end the following:

``161. Operation of motor vehicles by intoxicated minors.''.

SEC. 321. UTILIZATION OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR FOR SURVEYING AND 
                        MAPPING SERVICES.

    Section 306 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a) In General.--'' before ``In''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(b) Guidance.--The Secretary shall issue guidance to encourage 
States to utilize, to the maximum extent practicable, private sector 
sources for surveying and mapping services for projects under this 
title. In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary shall recommend 
appropriate roles for State and private mapping and surveying 
activities, including--
            ``(1) preparation of standards and specifications;
            ``(2) research in surveying and mapping instrumentation and 
        procedures and technology transfer to the private sector;
            ``(3) providing technical guidance, coordination, and 
        administration of State surveying and mapping activities; and
            ``(4) recommending methods for increasing the use by the 
        States of private sector sources for surveying and mapping 
        activities.''.
SEC. 322. DONATIONS OF FUNDS, MATERIALS, OR SERVICES FOR FEDERALLY 
                        ASSISTED PROJECTS.

    Section 323 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:

    ``(c) Credit for Donations of Funds, Materials, or Services.--
Nothing in this title or any other law shall prevent a person from 
offering to donate funds, materials, or services in connection with a 
project eligible for assistance under this title. In the case of such a 
project with respect to which the Federal Government and the State share 
in paying the cost, any donated funds, or the fair market value of any 
donated materials or services, that are accepted and incorporated into 
the project by the State highway department shall be credited against 
the State share.''.
SEC. 323. DISCOVERY AND ADMISSION AS EVIDENCE OF CERTAIN REPORTS 
                        AND SURVEYS.

    Section 409 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``or collected'' after ``compiled''.

SEC. 324. ALCOHOL-IMPAIRED DRIVING COUNTERMEASURES.

    (a) Technical Amendment.--Section 410(d)(1)(E) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``the date of enactment of this 
section'' and inserting ``December 18, 1991''.
    (b) Basic Grant Eligibility.--Section 410(d) of such title is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) A State shall be treated as having met the requirement 
        of this paragraph if--
                    ``(i) the State provides to the Secretary a written 
                certification that the highest court of the State has 
                issued a decision indicating that implementation of 
                subparagraph (A) would constitute a violation of the 
                constitution of the State; and
                    ``(ii) the State demonstrates to the satisfaction of 
                the Secretary that--
                          ``(I) the alcohol fatal crash involvement rate 
                      in the State has decreased in each of the 3 most 
                      recent calendar years for which statistics for 
                      determining such rate are available; and
                          ``(II) the alcohol fatal crash involvement 
                      rate in the State has been lower than the average 
                      such rate for all States in each of such calendar 
                      years.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) Any individual under age 21 with a blood alcohol 
        concentration of 0.02 percent or greater when driving a motor 
        vehicle shall be deemed to be driving while intoxicated or 
        driving under the influence of alcohol.''.

    (c) Supplemental Grants.--Section 410(f) of such title is amended by 
striking paragraph (1) and redesignating paragraphs (2) through (7) as 
paragraphs (1) through (6), respectively.
SEC. 325. REFERENCES TO COMMITTEE ON TRANSPORTATION AND 
                        INFRASTRUCTURE.

    (a) Railway-Highway Crossings Report.--The third sentence of section 
130(g) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``Committee on Public Works and Transportation'' and inserting 
``Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure''.
    (b) Highway Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation Report.--Section 
144(i)(1) of such title is amended by striking ``Committee on Public 
Works and Transportation'' and inserting ``Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure''.
    (c) Hazard Elimination Report.--The third sentence of section 152(g) 
of such title is amended by striking ``Committee on Public Works and 
Transportation'' and inserting ``Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure''.
    (d) Research Reports.--Subsections (d)(5), (e)(11), and (h) of 
section 307 of such title are each amended by striking ``Committee on 
Public Works and Transportation'' and inserting ``Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure''.
    (e) Congestion Pricing Pilot Program Report.--Section 1012(b)(5) of 
the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 
149 note; 105 Stat. 1938) is amended by striking ``Committee on Public 
Works and Transportation'' and inserting ``Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure''.
    (f) Motor Fuel Tax Enforcement Report.--Section 1040(d)(1) of such 
Act (23 U.S.C. 101 note; 105 Stat. 1992) is amended by striking 
``Committee on Public Works and Transportation'' and inserting 
``Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure''.
    (g) Allocation Formula Study.--Section 1098(b) of such Act (23 
U.S.C. 104 note; 105 Stat. 2025) is amended by striking ``these 
committees as they'' and inserting ``the Committee on Environment and 
Public Works of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives as the committees''.
    (h) National Recreational Trails Report.--Section 1303(i) of such 
Act (16 U.S.C. 1262(i)) is amended by striking ``Committee on Public 
Works and Transportation'' and inserting ``Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure''.

SEC. 326. PUBLIC TRANSIT VEHICLES EXEMPTION.

    Section 1023(h)(1) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 127 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``2-year'' the first place it appears and 
        all that follows through ``Act,'' and inserting ``period 
        beginning on October 6, 1992, and ending on the date on which 
        Federal-aid highway and transit programs are reauthorized after 
        the date of the enactment of the National Highway System 
        Designation Act of 1995,''; and
            (2) by striking the second sentence.

SEC. 327. USE OF RECYCLED PAVING MATERIAL.

    Section 1038 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act 
of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 109 note; 105 Stat. 1987-1990), as amended by section 
205(b) of this Act, is amended--
            (1) by inserting before subsection (e) the following:

    ``(d) Asphalt Pavement Containing Recycled Rubber.--
            ``(1) Crumb rubber modifier research.--Not later than 180 
        days after the date of the enactment of the National Highway 
        System Designation Act of 1995, the Secretary shall develop 
        testing procedures and conduct research to develop performance 
        grade classifications, in accordance with the strategic highway 
        research program carried out under section 307(d) of title 23, 
        United States Code, for crumb rubber modifier binders. The 
        testing procedures and performance grade classifications should 
        be developed in consultation with representatives of the crumb 
        rubber modifier industry and other interested parties (including 
        the asphalt paving industry) with experience in the development 
        of the procedures and classifications.
            ``(2) Crumb rubber modifier program development.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may make grants to 
                States to develop programs to use crumb rubber from 
                scrap tires to modify asphalt pavements.
                    ``(B) Use of grant funds.--Grant funds made 
                available to States under this paragraph shall be used--
                          ``(i) to develop mix designs for crumb rubber 
                      modified asphalt pavements;
                          ``(ii) for the placement and evaluation of 
                      crumb rubber modified asphalt pavement field 
                      tests; and
                          ``(iii) for the expansion of State crumb 
                      rubber modifier programs in existence on the date 
                      the grant is made available.''; and
            (2) in subsection (e) by striking paragraph (1) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(1) the term `asphalt pavement containing recycled rubber' 
        means any mixture of asphalt and crumb rubber derived from whole 
        scrap tires, such that the physical properties of the asphalt 
        are modified through the mixture, for use in pavement 
        maintenance, rehabilitation, or construction applications; 
        and''.

SEC. 328. ROADSIDE BARRIER TECHNOLOGY.

    Section 1058 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act 
of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 109 note; 105 Stat. 2003) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``median'' and inserting ``or 
                temporary crashworthy''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``crashworthy'' after 
                ``innovative''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading by inserting 
                ``Crashworthy'' after ``Innovative'';
                    (B) by inserting ``crashworthy'' after 
                ``innovative'';
                    (C) by striking ``median'';
                    (D) by inserting ``or guiderail'' after 
                ``guardrail''; and
                    (E) by inserting before the period at the end the 
                following: ``, and that meets or surpasses the 
                requirements of the National Cooperative Highway 
                Research Program 350 for longitudinal barriers''.

SEC. 329. CORRECTIONS TO MISCELLANEOUS AUTHORIZATIONS.

    (a) Gowanus Expressway Corridor, New York.--Section 1069(ee) of the 
Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 
2011) is amended by adding at the end the following: ``In carrying out 
such improvements, the State of New York shall consider the economic and 
social impacts of the project on the neighboring community.''.
    (b) New York City, New York.--Section 1069(gg) of such Act (105 
Stat. 2011) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(gg) Intermodal Facilities, New York.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $150,000,000 for 
        fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1995, for--
                    ``(A) design and construction of the Whitehall 
                Street Ferry Terminals in New York, New York;
                    ``(B) completion of construction of the Oak Point 
                Link in the Harlem River in New York, New York;
                    ``(C) engineering, design, and construction 
                activities to permit the James A. Farley Post Office in 
                New York, New York, to be used as an intermodal 
                transportation facility and commercial center; and
                    ``(D) necessary improvements to and redevelopment of 
                Pennsylvania Station and associated service buildings in 
                New York, New York.
        Such sums shall remain available until expended.
            ``(2) Allocation of funds.--Of the amounts made available 
        under paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) not to exceed $50,000,000 may be used to carry 
                out paragraph (1)(A); and
                    ``(B) not to exceed $10,000,000 may be used to carry 
                out paragraph (1)(B).''.

SEC. 330. CORRECTIONS TO HIGH COST BRIDGE PROJECTS.

    The table contained in section 1103(b) of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2027-2028) is amended--
            (1) in item number 2, relating to Eugene, Oregon--
                    (A) by striking ``Construction'' and inserting 
                ``Design, right-of-way acquisition, and construction''; 
                and
                    (B) by inserting ``, including pedestrian, bicycle, 
                and vehicle approach roadways, intersections, 
                signalization, and structural bridge changes, and 
                related structures between East Broadway and Oakway 
                Road'' after ``Bridge'';
            (2) in item 5, relating to Gloucester Point, Virginia, by 
        inserting after ``York River'' the following: ``and for repair, 
        strengthening, and rehabilitation of the existing bridge''; and
            (3) in item 10, relating to Shakopee, Minnesota, by 
        inserting ``project, including the bypass of'' after 
        ``replacement''.

SEC. 331. CORRECTIONS TO CONGESTION RELIEF PROJECTS.

    The table contained in section 1104(b) of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2029-2031) is amended--
            (1) in item 1, relating to Long Beach, California, by 
        striking ``HOV Lanes on'' and inserting ``downtown Long Beach 
        access ramps into the southern terminus of'';
            (2) in item 10, relating to San Diego, California, by 
        striking ``1 block of Cut and Cover Tunnel on Rt. 15'' and 
        inserting ``bridge decking on Route 15'';
            (3) in item 23, relating to Tucson, Arizona, by inserting 
        ``, of which a total of $3,609,620 shall be available for the 
        project authorized by item 74 of the table contained in section 
        1106(b)'' after ``in Tucson, Arizona'';
            (4) in item 38, relating to New York, New York, by striking 
        ``Construction'' and all that follows through ``Bypass'' and 
        inserting the following: ``Whitehall Street ferry terminals''; 
        and
            (5) in item 43, relating to West Virginia, by striking 
        ``Coal Fields'' and inserting ``Coalfields''.

SEC. 332. HIGH PRIORITY CORRIDORS.

    (a) Identification of High Priority Corridors.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1105(c) of the Intermodal Surface 
        Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2032) is 
        amended--
                    (A) by inserting before the period at the end of 
                paragraph (3) the following: ``commencing on the 
                Atlantic Coast in the Hampton Roads area going westward 
                across Virginia to the vicinity of Lynchburg, Virginia, 
                continuing west to serve Roanoke and then to a West 
                Virginia corridor centered around Beckley to Welch as 
                part of the Coalfields Expressway described in section 
                1069(v), then to Williamson sharing a common corridor 
                with the I-73/74 Corridor (referred to in item 12 of the 
                table contained in subsection (f)), then to a Kentucky 
                Corridor centered on the cities of Pikeville, Jenkins, 
                Hazard, London, Somerset, Columbia, Bowling Green, 
                Hopkinsville, Benton, and Paducah, into Illinois, and 
                into Missouri and exiting western Missouri and moving 
                westward across southern Kansas'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(5)(A) I-73/74 North-South Corridor from Charleston, South 
        Carolina, through Winston-Salem, North Carolina, to Portsmouth, 
        Ohio, to Cincinnati, Ohio, to termini at Detroit, Michigan and 
        Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan. The Sault Ste. Marie terminus shall 
        be reached via a corridor connecting Adrian, Jackson, Lansing, 
        Mount Pleasant, and Grayling, Michigan.
            ``(B)(i) In the Commonwealth of Virginia, the Corridor shall 
        generally follow--
                    ``(I) United States Route 220 from the Virginia-
                North Carolina border to I-581 south of Roanoke;
                    ``(II) I-581 to I-81 in the vicinity of Roanoke;
                    ``(III) I-81 to the proposed highway to demonstrate 
                intelligent transportation systems authorized by item 29 
                of the table in section 1107(b) in the vicinity of 
                Christiansburg to United States Route 460 in the 
                vicinity of Blacksburg; and
                    ``(IV) United States Route 460 to the West Virginia 
                State line.
            ``(ii) In the States of West Virginia, Kentucky, and Ohio, 
        the Corridor shall generally follow--
                    ``(I) United States Route 460 from the West Virginia 
                State line to United States Route 52 at Bluefield, West 
                Virginia; and
                    ``(II) United States Route 52 to United States Route 
                23 at Portsmouth, Ohio.
            ``(iii) In the States of North Carolina and South Carolina, 
        the Corridor shall generally follow--
                    ``(I) in the case of I-73--
                          ``(aa) United States Route 220 from the 
                      Virginia State line to State Route 68 in the 
                      vicinity of Greensboro;
                          ``(bb) State Route 68 to I-40;
                          ``(cc) I-40 to United States Route 220 in 
                      Greensboro;
                          ``(dd) United States Route 220 to United 
                      States Route 1 near Rockingham;
                          ``(ee) United States Route 1 to the South 
                      Carolina State line; and
                          ``(ff) South Carolina State line to 
                      Charleston, South Carolina; and
                    ``(II) in the case of I-74--
                          ``(aa) I-77 from Bluefield, West Virginia, to 
                      the junction of I-77 and the United States Route 
                      52 connector in Surry County, North Carolina;
                          ``(bb) the I-77/United States Route 52 
                      connector to United States Route 52 south of Mount 
                      Airy, North Carolina;
                          ``(cc) United States Route 52 to United States 
                      Route 311 in Winston-Salem, North Carolina;
                          ``(dd) United States Route 311 to United 
                      States Route 220 in the vicinity of Randleman, 
                      North Carolina;
                          ``(ee) United States Route 220 to United 
                      States Route 74 near Rockingham;
                          ``(ff) United States Route 74 to United States 
                      Route 76 near Whiteville;
                          ``(gg) United States Route 74/76 to the South 
                      Carolina State line in Brunswick County; and
                          ``(hh) South Carolina State line to 
                      Charleston, South Carolina.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (18)--
                          (i) by striking ``and'';
                          (ii) by inserting ``Mississippi, Arkansas,'' 
                      after ``Tennessee,'';
                          (iii) by inserting after ``Texas'' the 
                      following: ``, and to the Lower Rio Grande Valley 
                      at the border between the United States and 
                      Mexico; and
                          (iv) by inserting before the period at the end 
                      the following: ``, and to include the Corpus 
                      Christi Northside Highway and Rail Corridor from 
                      the existing intersection of United States Route 
                      77 and Interstate Route 37 to United States Route 
                      181, including FM511 from United States Route 77 
                      to the Port of Brownsville''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(22) The Alameda Transportation Corridor along Alameda 
        Street from the entrance to the ports of Los Angeles and Long 
        Beach to Interstate 10, Los Angeles, California.
            ``(23) The Interstate Route 35 Corridor from Laredo, Texas, 
        through Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, to Wichita, Kansas, to Kansas 
        City, Kansas/Missouri, to Des Moines, Iowa, to Minneapolis, 
        Minnesota, to Duluth, Minnesota.
            ``(24) The Dalton Highway from Deadhorse, Alaska to 
        Fairbanks, Alaska.
            ``(25) State Route 168 (South Battlefield Boulevard), 
        Virginia, from the Great Bridge Bypass to the North Carolina 
        State line.
            ``(26) The CANAMEX Corridor from Nogales, Arizona, through 
        Las Vegas, Nevada, to Salt Lake City, Utah, to Idaho Falls, 
        Idaho, to Montana, to the Canadian Border as follows:
                    ``(A) In the State of Arizona, the CANAMEX Corridor 
                shall generally follow--
                          ``(i) I-19 from Nogales to Tucson;
                          ``(ii) I-10 from Tucson to Phoenix; and
                          ``(iii) United States Route 93 in the vicinity 
                      of Phoenix to the Nevada Border.
                    ``(B) In the State of Nevada, the CANAMEX Corridor 
                shall follow--
                          ``(i) United States Route 93 from the Arizona 
                      Border to Las Vegas; and
                          ``(ii) I-15 from Las Vegas to the Utah Border.
                    ``(C) From the Utah Border through Montana to the 
                Canadian Border, the CANAMEX Corridor shall follow I-15.
            ``(27) The Camino Real Corridor from El Paso, Texas, to 
        Denver, Colorado, as follows:
                    ``(A) In the State of Texas, the Camino Real 
                Corridor shall generally follow--
                          ``(i) arterials from the international ports 
                      of entry to I-10 in El Paso County; and
                          ``(ii) I-10 from El Paso County to the New 
                      Mexico border.
                    ``(B) In the State of New Mexico, the Camino Real 
                Corridor shall generally follow--
                          ``(i) I-10 from the Texas Border to Las 
                      Cruces; and
                          ``(ii) I-25 from Las Cruces to the Colorado 
                      Border.
                    ``(C) In the State of Colorado, the Camino Real 
                Corridor shall generally follow I-25 from the New Mexico 
                border to Denver continuing to the Wyoming border.
                    ``(D) In the State of Wyoming, the Camino Real 
                Corridor shall generally follow--
                          ``(i) I-25 north to join with I-90 at Buffalo; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) I-90 to the Montana border.
                    ``(E) In the State of Montana, the Camino Real 
                Corridor shall generally follow--
                          ``(i) I-90 to Billings; and
                          ``(ii) Montana Route 3, United States Route 
                      12, United States Route 191, United States Route 
                      87, to I-15 at Great Falls; and
                          ``(iii) I-15 from Great Falls to the Canadian 
                      border.
            ``(28) The Birmingham Northern Beltline beginning at I-59 in 
        the vicinity of Trussville, Alabama, and traversing westwardly 
        intersecting with United States Route 75, United States Route 
        79, and United States Route 31; continuing southwestwardly 
        intersecting United States Route 78 and terminating at I-59 with 
        the I-459 interchange.
            ``(29) The Coalfields Expressway beginning at Beckley, West 
        Virginia, to Pound, Virginia, generally following the corridor 
        defined as State Routes 54, 97, 10, 16, and 83.''.
            (2) Inclusion of certain route segments on interstate 
        system.--Section 1105(e) of such Act (105 Stat. 2033) is amended 
        by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Inclusion of certain route segments on interstate 
        system.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The portions of the routes 
                referred to in clauses (i), (ii), and (iii) of 
                subsection (c)(5)(B), in subsection (c)(9), and in 
                subsections (c)(18) and (c)(20) that are not a part of 
                the Interstate System are designated as future parts of 
                the Interstate System. Any segment of such routes shall 
                become a part of the Interstate System at such time as 
                the Secretary determines that the segment--
                          ``(i) meets the Interstate System design 
                      standards approved by the Secretary under section 
                      109(b) of title 23, United States Code; and
                          ``(ii) connects to an existing Interstate 
                      System segment.
                The portion of the route referred to in subsection 
                (c)(9) is designated as Interstate Route I-99.
                    ``(B) Treatment of segments.--Subject to 
                subparagraph (C), segments designated as part of the 
                Interstate System by this paragraph and the mileage of 
                such segments shall be treated in the manner described 
                in the last 2 sentences of section 139(a) of title 23, 
                United States Code.
                    ``(C) Use of funds.--
                          ``(i) General rule.--Funds apportioned under 
                      section 104(b)(5)(A) of title 23, United States 
                      Code, may be used on a project to construct a 
                      portion of a route referred to in this paragraph 
                      to standards set forth in section 109(b) of such 
                      title if the State determines that the project for 
                      which the funds were originally apportioned is 
                      unreasonably delayed or no longer viable.
                          ``(ii) Limitation.--If funds apportioned under 
                      section 104(b)(5)(A) of title 23, United States 
                      Code, for completing a segment of the Interstate 
                      System are used on a project pursuant to this 
                      subparagraph, no interstate construction funds may 
                      be made available, after the date of the enactment 
                      of this paragraph, for construction of such 
                      segment.''.

    (b) Feasibility Studies.--
            (1) Evacuation routes for louisiana coastal areas.--Section 
        1105(e)(2) of such Act (105 Stat. 2033) is amended by adding at 
        the end the following: ``A feasibility study may be conducted 
        under this paragraph to identify routes that will expedite 
        future emergency evacuations of coastal areas of Louisiana.''.
            (2) East-west transamerica corridor.--With amounts available 
        to the Secretary under section 1105(h) of the Intermodal Surface 
        Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991, the Secretary in 
        cooperation with the States of Virginia and West Virginia shall 
        conduct a study to determine the feasibility of establishing a 
        route for the East-West Transamerica Corridor (designated 
        pursuant to section 1105(c)(3) of such Act) from Beckley, West 
        Virginia, utilizing a corridor entering Virginia near the city 
        of Covington then moving south from the Allegheny Highlands to 
        serve Roanoke and continuing east to Lynchburg. From there such 
        route would continue across Virginia to the Hampton Roads area.

    (c) Corrections to Projects.--The table contained in section 1105(f) 
of such Act (105 Stat. 2033-2035) is amended--
            (1) in item 1, relating to Pennsylvania, by inserting after 
        ``For'' the following: ``the segment described in item 6 of this 
        table and up to $11,000,000 for'';
            (2) in item 2, relating to Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, 
        Tennessee, by inserting after ``Rt. 72'' the following: ``and up 
        to $1,500,000 from the State of Alabama's share of the project 
        for modification of the Keller Memorial Bridge in Decatur, 
        Alabama, to a pedestrian structure'';
            (3) in item 21, relating to Louisiana, by inserting after 
        ``Shreveport, Louisiana'' insert the following: ``, and up to 
        $6,000,000 for surface transportation projects in Louisiana, 
        including $4,500,000 for the I-10 and I-610 project in Jefferson 
        Parish, Louisiana, in the corridor between the St. Charles 
        Parish line and Tulane Avenue, $500,000 for noise analysis and 
        safety abatement measures or barriers along the Lakeview section 
        of I-610 in New Orleans, and $1,000,000 for 3 highway studies 
        (including $250,000 for a study to widen United States Route 84/
        Louisiana Route 6 traversing north Louisiana, $250,000 for a 
        study to widen Louisiana Route 42 from United States Route 61 to 
        Louisiana Route 44 and extend to I-10 in East Ascension Parish, 
        and $500,000 for a study to connect I-20 on both sides of the 
        Ouachita River)''; and
            (4) in item 26, relating to Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, by 
        striking ``Newberry'' and inserting ``Evansville''.

    (d) Coalfields Expressway Description.--The first sentence of 
section 1069(v) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act 
of 1991 (105 Stat. 2010) is amended by striking ``93'' and inserting the 
following: ``83, and from the West Virginia-Virginia State line 
generally following Route 83 to Pound, Virginia.''.

SEC. 333. CORRECTIONS TO RURAL ACCESS PROJECTS.

    The table contained in section 1106(a)(2) of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2037-2042) is amended--
            (1) in item 18, relating to Louisiana, by inserting after 
        ``in Louisiana'' the following: ``and for Zachary Taylor 
        Parkway, Alexandria to Bogalusa, Louisiana, to I-59 in 
        Mississippi not to exceed $1,000,000'';
            (2) in item 34, relating to Illinois, by striking 
        ``Resurfacing'' and all that follows through ``Omaha'' and 
        inserting ``Bel-Air Road improvement from south of Carmi to 
        State Route 141 in southeastern White County'';
            (3) in item 52, relating to Bedford Springs, Pennsylvania, 
        by striking ``and Huntington'' and inserting ``Franklin, and 
        Huntingdon'';
            (4) in item 61, relating to Lubbock, Texas, by striking 
        ``with Interstate 20'' and inserting ``with Interstate 10 
        through Interstate 20 and Interstate 27 north of Amarillo to the 
        border between Texas and Oklahoma'';
            (5) in item 71, relating to Chautauqua County, New York, by 
        inserting ``and other improvements'' after ``expressway lanes'';
            (6) in item 75, relating to Pennsylvania, by striking 
        ``Widen'' and all that follows through ``lanes'' and inserting 
        ``Road improvements on a 14-mile segment of United States Route 
        15 in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania'';
            (7) in item 93, relating to New Mexico, by striking ``Raton-
        Clayton Rd., Clayton, New Mexico'' and inserting ``United States 
        Route 64/87 from Raton, New Mexico, through Clayton to the 
        border between Texas and New Mexico''; and
            (8) in item 111, relating to Parker County, Texas--
                    (A) by striking ``Parker County'' and inserting 
                ``Parker and Tarrant Counties''; and
                    (B) by striking ``to four-'' and inserting ``in 
                Tarrant County to freeway standards and in Parker County 
                to a 4-''.
SEC. 334. CORRECTIONS TO URBAN ACCESS AND MOBILITY PROJECTS.

    The table contained in section 1106(b)(2) of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2043-2047) is amended--
            (1) in item 9, relating to New York, New York, by inserting 
        after ``NY'' the following: ``, $4,440,398, and redevelopment of 
        the James A. Farley Post Office, Pennsylvania Station, and 
        associated service buildings into an intermodal transportation 
        facility and commercial center, $11,159,602'';
            (2) in item 13, relating to Joliet, Illinois, by striking 
        ``and construction and interchange at Houbolt Road and I-80'';
            (3) in item 36, relating to Compton, California, by striking 
        ``For a grade'' and all that follows through ``Corridor'' and 
        inserting ``For grade separations and other improvements in the 
        city of Compton, California''; and
            (4) in item 52, relating to Chicago, Illinois, by striking 
        ``Right-of-way'' and all that follows through ``Connector)'' and 
        inserting ``Reconstruct the Michigan Avenue viaduct''.

SEC. 335. CORRECTIONS TO INNOVATIVE PROJECTS.

    The table contained in section 1107(b) of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2048-2059) is amended--
            (1) in item 10, relating to Atlanta, Georgia, by striking 
        ``(IVHS)'' and inserting ``(ITS)'';
            (2) in item 19, relating to Water Street, Pennsylvania--
                    (A) by striking ``Water Street,''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``, or other projects in the 
                counties of Bedford, Blair, Centre, Franklin, and 
                Huntingdon as selected by the State of Pennsylvania'' 
                after ``Pennsylvania'' the second place it appears;
            (3) in item 20, relating to Holidaysburg, Pennsylvania--
                    (A) by striking ``Holidaysburg,'' the first place it 
                appears; and
                    (B) by inserting ``, or other projects in the 
                counties of Bedford, Blair, Centre, Franklin, and 
                Huntingdon as selected by the State of Pennsylvania'' 
                after ``Pennsylvania'' the second place it appears;
            (4) in item 24, relating to Pennsylvania, by inserting after 
        ``line'' the following: ``and for the purchase, rehabilitation, 
        and improvement of any similar existing facility within a 150-
        mile radius of such project, as selected by the State of 
        Pennsylvania'';
            (5) in item 29, relating to Blacksburg, Virginia--
                    (A) by inserting ``methods of facilitating public 
                and private participation in'' after ``demonstrate''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``intelligent/vehicle highway 
                systems'' and inserting ``intelligent transportation 
                systems'';
            (6) in item 35, relating to Alabama, by striking ``to 
        bypass'' and all that follows through ``I-85'' and inserting 
        ``beginning on United States Route 80 west of Montgomery, 
        Alabama, and connecting to I-65 south of Montgomery and I-85 
        east of Montgomery'';
            (7) in item 49, relating to Suffolk County, New York, by 
        inserting after ``perimeters'' the following: ``and provide 
        funds to the towns of Brookhaven, Riverhead, Smithtown, East 
        Hampton, Southold, Shelter Island, and Southampton for the 
        purchase of vehicles to meet the transportation needs of the 
        elderly and persons with disabilities'';
            (8) in item 52, relating to Pennsylvania, by striking ``2'' 
        and all that follows through ``Pennsylvania'' and inserting ``or 
        rehabilitate (or both) highway and transportation infrastructure 
        projects within 30 miles of I-81 or I-80 in northeastern 
        Pennsylvania'';
            (9) in item 61, relating to Mojave, California--
                    (A) by striking ``Mojave'' and inserting 
                ``Victorville''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``Mojave'' after ``reconstruct'';
            (10) in item 68, relating to Portland/S. Portland, Maine--
                    (A) by striking ``Portland/S. Portland,''; and
                    (B) by inserting after ``Bridge'' the following: 
                ``and improvements to the Carlton Bridge in Bath-
                Woolworth'';
            (11) in item 76, relating to Tennessee--
                    (A) by inserting ``Improved access to'' before ``I-
                81'';
                    (B) by striking ``Interchange''; and
                    (C) by inserting after ``Tennessee'' the second 
                place it appears the following: ``via improvements at I-
                181/Eastern Star Road and I-81/Kendrick Creek Road'';
            (12) in item 100, relating to Arkansas, by striking 
        ``Thornton'' and inserting ``Little Rock'';
            (13) in item 113, relating to Durham County, North Carolina, 
        by inserting after ``Route 147'' the following: ``, including 
        the interchange at I-85'';
            (14) in item 114, relating to Corpus Christi to Angleton, 
        Texas, by striking ``Construct new multi-lane freeway'' and 
        inserting ``Construct a 4-lane divided highway'';
            (15) in item 162, relating to New York, New York, by 
        inserting after ``paint'' the following: ``, $40,000,000, and 
        James A. Farley Post Office, Pennsylvania Station, and 
        associated service buildings: redevelopment, $15,000,000'';
            (16) in item 193, relating to Corning, New York, by 
        inserting ``and other improvements'' after ``expressway lanes''; 
        and
            (17) in item 196, relating to Orlando, Florida--
                    (A) by striking ``Orlando,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``Land'' and all that follows 
                through ``project'' and inserting ``One or more 
                regionally significant, intercity ground transportation 
                projects''.

SEC. 336. CORRECTIONS TO INTERMODAL PROJECTS.

    The table contained in section 1108(b) of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2060-2063) is amended--
            (1) in item 9, relating to E. Haven/Wallingford, 
        Connecticut--
                    (A) by striking ``for $8.8 million'';
                    (B) by striking ``for $2.4 million''; and
                    (C) by striking ``for $0.7 million'';
            (2) in item 12, relating to Buffalo, New York, by inserting 
        after ``Project'' the following: ``and the Crossroads Arena 
        Project'';
            (3) in item 31, relating to Los Angeles, California, by 
        striking ``To improve ground access from Sepulveda Blvd. to Los 
        Angeles, California'' and inserting the following: ``For the Los 
        Angeles International Airport central terminal ramp access 
        project, $3,500,000; for the widening of Aviation Boulevard 
        south of Imperial Highway, $3,500,000; for the widening of 
        Aviation Boulevard north of Imperial Highway, $1,000,000; and 
        for transportation systems management improvements in the 
        vicinity of the Sepulveda Boulevard/Los Angeles International 
        Airport tunnel, $950,000'';
            (4) in item 33, relating to Orange County, New York, strike 
        ``Stuart Airport Interchange Project'' and insert ``Stewart 
        Airport interchange projects''; and
            (5) in item 38, relating to Provo, Utah, strike ``South'' 
        and all that follows through ``Airport'' and insert ``East-West 
        Connector from United States Route 89-189''.

SEC. 337. NATIONAL RECREATIONAL TRAILS.

    (a) State Eligibility.--Section 1302(c) of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (16 U.S.C. 1261(c)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Act'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``part'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking subparagraph (B); and
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) and (D) as 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C), respectively; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Federal share.--
                    ``(A) Prior to fiscal year 2001.--Prior to October 
                1, 2000, the Federal share of the cost of a project 
                under this section shall be 50 percent.
                    ``(B) Fiscal year 2001 and thereafter.--For fiscal 
                year 2001 and each fiscal year thereafter, a State shall 
                be eligible to receive moneys under this part for a 
                fiscal year only if the State agrees to expend from non-
                Federal sources for carrying out projects under this 
                part an amount equal to 20 percent of the amount 
                received by the State under this part in that fiscal 
                year.''.

    (b) Administrative Costs.--Section 1302(d)(1) of such Act (16 U.S.C. 
1261(d)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (C);
            (2) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as subparagraph (E); 
        and
            (3) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:
                    ``(D) contracting for services with other land 
                management agencies; and''.

    (c) Environmental Mitigation.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1302(e) of such Act (16 U.S.C. 
        1261(e)) is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (5), (6), (7), and 
                (8) as paragraphs (6), (7), (8), and (9), respectively; 
                and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
            ``(5) Environmental mitigation.--
                    ``(A) Requirement.--To the extent practicable and 
                consistent with other requirements of this section, in 
                complying with paragraph (4), a State should give 
                consideration to project proposals that provide for the 
                redesign, reconstruction, nonroutine maintenance, or 
                relocation of trails in order to mitigate and minimize 
                the impact to the natural environment.
                    ``(B) Guidance.--A recreational trail advisory board 
                satisfying the requirements of subsection (c)(2)(A) 
                shall issue guidance to a State for the purposes of 
                implementing subparagraph (A).
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1302(e)(4) of such Act 
        (16 U.S.C. 1261(e)(4)) is amended by striking ``paragraphs (6) 
        and (8)(B)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (7) and (9)(B)''.

    (d) Return of Moneys Not Expended.--Section 1302(e)(9)(B) of such 
Act, as redesignated by subsection (c)(1)(A), is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``the State'' before ``may be exempted''; 
        and
            (2) by striking ``and expended or committed'' and all that 
        follows before the period.

    (e) Advisory Committee.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1303(b) of such Act (16 U.S.C. 
        1262(b)) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``11 members'' and inserting ``12 
                members'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) as 
                paragraphs (3), (4), and (5), respectively; and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) 1 member appointed by the Secretary representing 
        individuals with disabilities;''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1303(c) of such Act (16 
        U.S.C. 1262(c)) is amended by striking ``subsection (b)(2)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (b)(3)''.

    (f) Funding.--Section 104 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (j); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following:

    ``(h) National Recreational Trails Funding.--In addition to funds 
made available from the National Recreational Trails Trust Fund, the 
Secretary shall obligate, from administrative funds (contract authority) 
deducted under subsection (a), to carry out section 1302 of the 
Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (16 U.S.C. 
1261) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1996 and 1997.''.

SEC. 338. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS.

    (a) Improved Collaboration in Intelligent Transportation Systems 
Research and Development.--Section 6054 of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 307 note; 105 Stat. 
2191-2192) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Collaborative Research and Development.--In carrying out this 
part, the Secretary may carry out collaborative research and development 
in accordance with section 307(a)(2) of title 23, United States Code.''.
    (b) Time Limit for Obligation of Funds for Intelligent 
Transportation Systems Projects.--Section 6058 of such Act (23 U.S.C. 
307 note; 105 Stat. 2194-2195) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (e) by striking ``until expended'' and 
        inserting ``for obligation in accordance with this section''; 
        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(f) Obligation of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--Funds made available pursuant to 
        subsections (a) and (b) on or after the date of the enactment of 
        this subsection and other funds made available on or after that 
        date to carry out specific intelligent transportation systems 
        projects shall be obligated not later than the last day of the 
        fiscal year following the fiscal year for which the funds are 
        made available. Funds made available pursuant to subsections (a) 
        and (b) before such date of enactment shall remain available 
        until expended.
            ``(2) Reallocation of funds.--If funds described in 
        paragraph (1) are not obligated by the date described in the 
        paragraph, the Secretary may make the funds available to carry 
        out any other project with respect to which funds may be made 
        available under subsection (a) or (b).''.

    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Findings.--Section 6009(a)(6) of such Act (23 U.S.C. 307 
        note; 105 Stat. 2176) is amended by striking ``intelligent 
        vehicle highway systems'' and inserting ``intelligent 
        transportation systems''.
            (2) Intelligent transportation systems generally.--Part B of 
        title VI of such Act (23 U.S.C. 307 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking the part heading and inserting the 
                following:

             ``PART B--INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS'';

                    (B) in section 6051 by striking ``Intelligent 
                Vehicle-Highway Systems'' and inserting ``Intelligent 
                Transportation Systems'';
                    (C) by striking ``intelligent vehicle-highway 
                systems'' each place it appears and inserting 
                ``intelligent transportation systems'';
                    (D) in section 6054(a)(2)(A) by striking 
                ``intelligent vehicle-highway'' and inserting 
                ``intelligent transportation systems'';
                    (E) in the subsection heading for section 6054(b) by 
                striking ``Intelligent Vehicle-Highway Systems'' and 
                inserting ``Intelligent Transportation Systems'';
                    (F) in the subsection heading for section 6056(a) by 
                striking ``IVHS'' and inserting ``ITS'';
                    (G) in the subsection heading for each of 
                subsections (a) and (b) of section 6058 by striking 
                ``IVHS'' and inserting ``ITS''; and
                    (H) in the paragraph heading for section 6059(1) by 
                striking ``IVHS'' and inserting ``ITS''.
            (3) DOT appropriations act.--Section 310(c)(3) of the 
        Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations 
        Act, 1995 (23 U.S.C. 104 note; 108 Stat. 2489-2490) is amended 
        by striking ``intelligent vehicle highway systems'' and 
        inserting ``intelligent transportation systems''.
            (4) HAZMAT.--Section 109(a) of the Hazardous Materials 
        Transportation Authorization Act of 1994 (23 U.S.C. 307 note) is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Intelligent Vehicle-Highway 
                Systems'' each place it appears and inserting 
                ``Intelligent Transportation Systems''; and
                    (B) by striking ``intelligent vehicle-highway 
                system'' and inserting ``intelligent transportation 
                system''.
            (5) University research institute.--Section 5316(d) of title 
        49, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in the subsection heading by striking 
                ``Intelligent Vehicle-Highway'' and inserting 
                ``Intelligent Transportation''; and
                    (B) by striking ``intelligent vehicle-highway'' each 
                place it appears and inserting ``intelligent 
                transportation''.

SEC. 339. ELIGIBILITY.

    (a) Pennsylvania Turnpike and I-95.--
            (1) Reconstruction and widening.--The project authorized by 
        section 162 of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 
        (96 Stat. 2136) shall include reconstruction and widening to 6 
        lanes of existing Interstate Route 95 and of the Pennsylvania 
        Turnpike from United States Route 1 to the junction with the New 
        Jersey Turnpike, including the structure over the Delaware 
        River.
            (2) Federal share.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, the Federal share payable on account of the project 
        referred to in paragraph (1), including the additional through 
        roadway and bridge travel lanes, shall be 90 percent of the cost 
        of the project.
            (3) Tolls.--Notwithstanding section 301 of title 23, United 
        States Code, the project for construction of an interchange 
        between the Pennsylvania Turnpike and Interstate Route 95, 
        including the widening of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, shall be 
        treated as a reconstruction project described in section 
        129(a)(1)(B) of such title and tolls may be continued on all 
        traffic on the Pennsylvania Turnpike between United States Route 
        1 and the New Jersey Turnpike.

    (b) <<NOTE: 23 USC 109 note.>>  Type II Noise Barriers.--
            (1) General rule.--No funds made available out of the 
        Highway Trust Fund may be used to construct Type II noise 
        barriers (as defined by section 772.5(i) of title 23, Code of 
        Federal Regulations) pursuant to subsections (h) and (i) of 
        section 109 of title 23, United States Code, if such barriers 
        were not part of a project approved by the Secretary before the 
        date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to 
        construction of Type II noise barriers along lands that were 
        developed or were under substantial construction before approval 
        of the acquisition of the rights-of-ways for, or construction 
        of, the existing highway.

    (c) Route Segments in Wyoming.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall cooperate with the 
        State of Wyoming in monitoring the changes in growth along, and 
        traffic patterns of, the route segments in Wyoming described in 
        paragraph (2), for the purpose of future consideration of the 
        addition of the route segments to the National Highway System in 
        accordance with section 103(b)(6) of title 23, United States 
        Code.
            (2) Route segments.--The route segments referred to in 
        paragraph (1) are--
                    (A) United States Route 191 from Rock Springs to 
                Hoback Junction;
                    (B) United States Route 16 from Worland to 
                Interstate Route 90; and
                    (C) Wyoming Route 59 from Douglas to Gillette.

    (d) Orange Street Bridge, Missoula, Montana.--Notwithstanding 
section 149 of title 23, United States Code, or any other provision of 
law, a project to construct new capacity for the Orange Street Bridge in 
Missoula, Montana, shall be eligible for funding under the congestion 
mitigation and air quality improvement program established under such 
section.
    (e) National Railroad Passenger Corporation Line.--The improvements 
to, or adjacent to, the main line of the National Railroad Passenger 
Corporation between milepost 190.23 at Central Falls, Rhode Island, and 
milepost 168.53 at Davisville, Rhode Island, that are necessary to 
support the rail movement of freight shall be eligible for funds 
apportioned under sections 103(e)(4), 104(b)(2), and 104(b)(3) of title 
23, United States Code.
    (f) Pocono Northeast Railway Company Line.--The improvements to the 
former Pocono Northeast Railway Company freight rail line by the Luzerne 
County Redevelopment Authority that are necessary to support the rail 
movement of freight shall be eligible for funds apportioned under 
sections 104(b)(2) and 104(b)(3) of title 23, United States Code.
    (g) Brightman Street Bridge, Fall River Harbor, Massachusetts.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Brightman Street Bridge 
in Fall River Harbor, Massachusetts, may be reconstructed to result in a 
clear channel width of less than 300 feet.
    (h) Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway Bridge Replacement at Great 
Bridge, Chesapeake, Virginia.--The project for navigation at Great 
Bridge, Virginia, Highway 168, over the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway 
in Chesapeake, Virginia: Report of the Chief of Engineers, dated July 1, 
1994, at a total cost of $23,680,000, with an estimated Federal cost of 
$20,341,000 and an estimated non-Federal cost of $3,339,000. The city of 
Chesapeake shall assume full ownership of the replacement bridge to be 
constructed under the project, including all associated operation, 
maintenance, repair, replacement, and rehabilitation costs.
    (i) Federal Lands Highways Program.--Notwithstanding section 101(a) 
of title 23, United States Code, and the requirements of sections 202 
and 204 of such title, the highway projects described in section 
149(a)(62) of the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation 
Assistance Act of 1987 (101 Stat. 191), section 1 of Public Law 100-211 
(101 Stat. 1442), and Public Law 99-647 (100 Stat. 3625) and projects on 
State Highway 488 within the Great Basin National Park, Nevada, and 
United States Route 93 from Somers to Whitefish, Montana, shall be 
eligible for assistance under sections 202 and 204 of such title. Any 
funds allocated for fiscal year 1996 and thereafter for such projects as 
a result of enactment of this subsection shall not affect the 
apportionment adjustments made under section 1015 of the Intermodal 
Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991.
    (j) Alameda Transportation Corridor, California.--Funds apportioned 
to the State of California under section 104(b)(1) of title 23, United 
States Code, for the National Highway System may be obligated for 
construction of, and operational improvements for, grade separation 
projects for the Alameda Transportation Corridor along Alameda Street 
from the entrance to the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach to 
Interstate Route 10, Los Angeles, California. The Federal share of the 
costs of such projects shall be determined in accordance with section 
120(b) of such title.
SEC. 340. MISCELLANEOUS CORRECTIONS TO SURFACE TRANSPORTATION AND 
                        UNIFORM RELOCATION ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1987.

    (a) 34th Street Corridor Project in Moorhead, Minnesota.--Section 
149(a)(5)(A) of the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation 
Assistance Act of 1987 (101 Stat. 181), relating to Minnesota, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of clause (i); and
            (2) by inserting ``and (iii) a safety overpass,'' after 
        ``interchange,''.

    (b) California.--Section 149(a)(69) of such Act (101 Stat. 191), 
relating to Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport, California, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``highway'';
            (2) by striking ``and construction of terminal and parking 
        facilities at such airport''; and
            (3) by striking ``by making'' and all that follows through 
        the period at the end of the second sentence and inserting the 
        following: ``by preparing a feasibility study and conducting 
        preliminary engineering, design, and construction of a link 
        between such airport and the commuter rail system that is being 
        developed by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation 
        Authority.''.

    (c) Pennsylvania.--Section 149(a)(74) of such Act (101 Stat. 192) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``Chambersburg, pennsylvania'' in the 
        paragraph heading and inserting ``Pennsylvania''; and
            (2) by inserting before the period at the end the following: 
        ``and other projects in the counties of Bedford, Blair, Centre, 
        Franklin, and Huntingdon, Pennsylvania''.

    (d) Louisiana.--
            (1) Rural access project.--Section 149(a)(87) of the Surface 
        Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987 
        (101 Stat. 194) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``West calcasieu parish, louisiana'' 
                and inserting ``Louisiana''; and
                    (B) by inserting before the period at the end the 
                following: ``and construction of roads and a bridge to 
                provide access to the Rose Bluff industrial area, Lake 
                Charles, Louisiana''.
            (2) I-10 exit ramp and other projects.--Section 149(a)(89) 
        of the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance 
        Act of 1987 (101 Stat. 194) is amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``and lake charles'' after 
                ``lafayette'' in the paragraph heading; and
                    (B) by inserting before the period at the end the 
                following: ``and, of amounts made available to carry out 
                this paragraph, may use up to $456,022 to carry out a 
                comprehensive transportation and land use plan for 
                Lafayette, Louisiana, $1,000,000 to carry out a project 
                to construct an exit ramp from the eastbound side of 
                Interstate Route 10 to Ryan Street in Lake Charles, 
                Louisiana, and $269,661 to carry out projects described 
                in paragraph (90)''.
            (3) Contraband bridge.--Section 149(a)(90) of such Act (101 
        Stat. 194) is amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``and lake charles'' after 
                ``lafayette'' in the paragraph heading; and
                    (B) by inserting before the period at the end ``and 
                a project to construct the Contraband Bridge portion of 
                the Nelson Access Road Project''.

    (e) Maryland.--Section 149(a)(92) of such Act (101 Stat. 194) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``United states route 48'' in the paragraph 
        heading and inserting ``Washington and frederick counties''; and
            (2) by inserting ``and to construct an interchange between 
        Interstate Route 70 and Interstate Route 270 in Frederick 
        County, Maryland'' after ``Mountain Road''.

    (f) North Dakota.--Of funds remaining available for obligation under 
sections 149(a)(111)(C), 149(a)(111)(E), 149(a)(111)(J), 149(a)(111)(K), 
149(a)(111)(L), 149(a)(111)(M), and 149(a)(112) of the Surface 
Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987, $217,440 
shall be made available for the repair of County Road 8 west of Lawton, 
Ramsey County, North Dakota. The remainder of such funds shall be made 
available to the North Dakota department of transportation for flood 
prevention and repair activities on North Dakota county roads on a 
Federal-aid system that are threatened by flooding (as determined by the 
North Dakota department of transportation).
SEC. 341. ACCESSIBILITY OF OVER-THE-ROAD BUSES TO INDIVIDUALS WITH 
                        DISABILITIES.

    Section 306(a)(2)(B)(iii) of the Americans With Disabilities Act of 
1990 (42 U.S.C. 12186(a)(2)(B)(iii)) is amended--
            (1) in subclause (I) by striking ``7 years after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act'' and inserting ``3 years after the 
        date of issuance of final regulations under clause (ii)''; and
            (2) in subclause (II) by striking ``6 years after such date 
        of enactment'' and inserting ``2 years after the date of 
        issuance of such final regulations''.

SEC. 342. ALCOHOL AND CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES TESTING.

    (a) Mass Transit Testing.--Section 5331(b) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by striking the subsection designation and all 
that follows through paragraph (1)(A) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Testing Program for Mass Transportation Employees.--
(1)(A) <<NOTE: Regulations.>>  In the interest of mass transportation 
safety, the Secretary shall prescribe regulations that establish a 
program requiring mass transportation operations that receive financial 
assistance under section 5307, 5309, or 5311 of this title or section 
103(e)(4) of title 23 to conduct preemployment, reasonable suspicion, 
random, and post-accident testing of mass transportation employees 
responsible for safety-sensitive functions (as decided by the Secretary) 
for the use of a controlled substance in violation of law or a United 
States Government regulation, and to conduct reasonable suspicion, 
random, and post-accident testing of such employees for the use of 
alcohol in violation of law or a United States Government regulation. 
The regulations shall permit such operations to conduct preemployment 
testing of such employees for the use of alcohol.''.

    (b) Railroad Testing.--Section 20140(b)(1)(A) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(A) a railroad carrier to conduct preemployment, 
        reasonable suspicion, random, and post-accident testing of all 
        railroad employees responsible for safety-sensitive functions 
        (as decided by the Secretary) for the use of a controlled 
        substance in violation of law or a United States Government 
        regulation, and to conduct reasonable suspicion, random, and 
        post-accident testing of such employees for the use of alcohol 
        in violation of law or a United States Government regulation; 
        the regulations shall permit such railroad carriers to conduct 
        preemployment testing of such employees for the use of alcohol; 
        and''.

    (c) Motor Carrier Testing.--Section 31306(b) of such title is 
amended by striking the subsection designation and all that follows 
through paragraph (1)(A) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Testing Program for Operators of Commercial Motor 
Vehicles <<NOTE: Regulations.>> .--(1)(A) In the interest of commercial 
motor vehicle safety, the Secretary of Transportation shall prescribe 
regulations that establish a program requiring motor carriers to conduct 
preemployment, reasonable suspicion, random, and post-accident testing 
of operators of commercial motor vehicles for the use of a controlled 
substance in violation of law or a United States Government regulation 
and to conduct reasonable suspicion, random, and post-accident testing 
of such operators for the use of alcohol in violation of law or a United 
States Government regulation. The regulations shall permit such motor 
carriers to conduct preemployment testing of such employees for the use 
of alcohol.''.

    (d) Aviation Testing.--
            (1) Program for employees of air carriers and foreign air 
        carriers.--Section 45102(a) of title 49, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking the subsection designation and all that 
        follows through paragraph (1) and inserting the following:

    ``(a) Program for Employees of Air Carriers and Foreign Air 
Carriers <<NOTE: Regulations.>> .--(1) In the interest of aviation 
safety, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall 
prescribe regulations that establish a program requiring air carriers 
and foreign air carriers to conduct preemployment, reasonable suspicion, 
random, and post-accident testing of airmen, crew members, airport 
security screening contract personnel, and other air carrier employees 
responsible for safety-sensitive functions (as decided by the 
Administrator) for the use of a controlled substance in violation of law 
or a United States Government regulation; and to conduct reasonable 
suspicion, random, and post-accident testing of airmen, crew members, 
airport security screening contract personnel, and other air carrier 
employees responsible for safety-sensitive functions (as decided by the 
Administrator) for the use of alcohol in violation of law or a United 
States Government regulation. The regulations shall permit air carriers 
and foreign air carriers to conduct preemployment testing of airmen, 
crew members, airport security screening contract personnel, and other 
air carrier employees responsible for safety-sensitive functions (as 
decided by the Administrator) for the use of alcohol.''.
            (2) Program for employees of the federal aviation 
        administration.--Section 45102(b) of title 49, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking the subsection designation and all 
        that follows through paragraph (1) and inserting the following:

    ``(b) Program for Employees of the Federal Aviation 
Administration.--(1) The Administrator shall establish a program of 
preemployment, reasonable suspicion, random, and post-accident testing 
for the use of a controlled substance in violation of law or a United 
States Government regulation for employees of the Administration whose 
duties include responsibility for safety-sensitive functions and shall 
establish a program of reasonable suspicion, random, and post-accident 
testing for the use of alcohol in violation of law or a United States 
Government regulation for such employees. The Administrator may 
establish a program of preemployment testing for the use of alcohol for 
such employees.''.

SEC. 343. NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER.

    Section 30308(a) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``and $2,550,000 for fiscal year 1995'' and inserting ``and 
$2,550,000 for each of fiscal years 1995 and 1996''.
SEC. 344. COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY PILOT PROGRAM.

    Section 31136(e) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1) In general.--'' before ``After'';
            (2) by indenting paragraph (1), as designated by paragraph 
        (1) of this section, and moving that paragraph 2 ems to the 
        right; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Commercial motor vehicle safety pilot program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than the 270th day 
                following the date of the enactment of this paragraph, 
                the Secretary shall implement a commercial motor vehicle 
                regulatory relief and safety pilot program (hereinafter 
                in this paragraph referred to as the `program') to grant 
                and to monitor exemptions from the provisions of this 
                section and sections 504 and 31502. The program shall 
                provide that the Secretary, within 120 days after 
                receiving an application for participation in the 
                program from an employer, shall determine whether to 
                exempt some or all of the eligible vehicles operated by 
                the applicant, and some or all of the drivers of such 
                vehicles employed by the applicant, from some or all of 
                the regulations prescribed under this section and 
                sections 504 and 31502--
                          ``(i) if the applicant has a satisfactory 
                      safety rating issued by the Secretary or meets 
                      criteria established by the Secretary pursuant to 
                      subparagraph (J) instead of such rating; and
                          ``(ii) if the applicant and the Secretary 
                      enter into an agreement that provides that the 
                      applicant while participating in the program--
                                    ``(I) shall operate safely;
                                    ``(II) shall provide the Secretary 
                                with accident and nonconfidential 
                                insurance-related information relevant 
                                to the safety performance of the 
                                applicant and vehicles and drivers of 
                                the applicant subject to the program;
                                    ``(III) shall use in the program 
                                only drivers with good safety records in 
                                the preceding 36 months and who maintain 
                                such good safety records while in the 
                                program; and
                                    ``(IV) shall implement such safety 
                                management controls as the Secretary (in 
                                cooperation with the applicant) 
                                determines are necessary to carry out 
                                the objectives of this subsection.
                    ``(B) Safety management controls.--Safety management 
                controls implemented by participants in the program 
                shall be designed to achieve a level of operational 
                safety equal to or greater than that resulting from 
                compliance with the regulations prescribed under this 
                section and sections 504 and 31502.
                    ``(C) Paperwork burden to be minimized.--The 
                Secretary shall ensure that participants in the program 
                are subject to a minimum of paperwork and regulatory 
                burdens necessary to ensure compliance with the 
                requirements of the program.
                    ``(D) Encouragement of advanced technology.--The 
                Secretary shall encourage participants in the program to 
                use such advanced technologies as may be necessary to 
                ensure compliance with the requirements of the program.
                    ``(E) Approval factors.--In approving applicants for 
                participation in the program, the Secretary shall--
                          ``(i) ensure that the participants represent a 
                      broad cross-section of fleet size and drivers of 
                      eligible vehicles; and
                          ``(ii) ensure participation by qualified 
                      applicants, except to the extent limited by 
                      resources of the Secretary that are necessary to 
                      permit effective monitoring under subparagraph 
                      (G).
                    ``(F) Modifications to reflect changes in 
                regulations.--If there is a material change in the 
                regulations prescribed under this section or section 504 
                or 31502, the Secretary shall require each participant 
                in the program to modify the safety management controls 
                applicable to such participant, and the agreement 
                provided for in subparagraph (A)(ii), to the extent 
                necessary to reflect the material change.
                    ``(G) Monitoring.--The Secretary and participants in 
                the program shall monitor periodically the safety of 
                vehicles and drivers subject to the program.
                    ``(H) Termination of participation.--A participant 
                shall participate in the program until--
                          ``(i) the Secretary finds that--
                                    ``(I) the participant has exceeded 
                                the average ratio of preventable 
                                accidents to vehicle miles traveled for 
                                a period of 12 months for eligible 
                                vehicles;
                                    ``(II) the participant has failed to 
                                comply with the requirements established 
                                by the Secretary for participation in 
                                the program (including applicable safety 
                                management controls); or
                                    ``(III) continued participation in 
                                the program is not in the public 
                                interest; or
                          ``(ii) the participant voluntarily withdraws 
                      from the program.
                    ``(I) Emergencies.--The Secretary may suspend or 
                modify participation in the program in case of 
                emergency.
                    ``(J) Guidelines.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Not later than the 270th 
                      day following the date of the enactment of this 
                      paragraph, the Secretary, after notice and 
                      opportunity for comment, shall establish criteria 
                      and define any terms necessary for implementing 
                      the program consistent with this section. In 
                      establishing the criteria, the Secretary may 
                      consider to what extent and under what conditions 
                      safety management controls may substitute, in 
                      whole or in part, for compliance with some or all 
                      of the regulations prescribed under this section 
                      and sections 504 and 31502.
                          ``(ii) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  
                      Limitation.--Notwithstanding clause (i), the 
                      program shall take effect on or before the 270th 
                      day following the date of the enactment of this 
                      paragraph. If the rulemaking described in clause 
                      (i) is not completed on or before such 270th day, 
                      the Secretary shall issue interim criteria, 
                      consistent with this section, pending the 
                      completion of the rulemaking described in this 
                      subsection.
                    ``(K) Eligible vehicles.--For purposes of this 
                subsection, the term `eligible vehicle' means a 
                commercial motor vehicle with a gross vehicle weight 
                rating of at least 10,001 pounds, but not more than 
                26,000 pounds, other than a vehicle--
                          ``(i) designed to transport more than 15 
                      passengers, including the driver; or
                          ``(ii) used in transporting material found by 
                      the Secretary to be hazardous under section 5103 
                      and transported in a quantity requiring placarding 
                      under the regulations issued under such section.
            ``(3) Review of regulations.--Based in part on the 
        information and experience obtained from the program, the 
        Secretary shall conduct a zero-based review of the need for, and 
        the costs and benefits of, all regulations prescribed under this 
        section and sections 504 and 31502 to determine whether and to 
        what extent such regulations should apply to eligible vehicles. 
        The review shall focus on the appropriate level of safety that 
        is in the public interest and the paperwork and regulatory 
        burdens of such regulations as the regulations apply to 
        employers and employees that use such vehicles. The Secretary 
        shall complete the review by the last day of the 3-year period 
        beginning on the date of the enactment of this paragraph. Upon 
        completion of the review, the Secretary shall, after notice and 
        an opportunity for public comment, grant such exemptions or 
        modify or repeal existing regulations to the extent 
        appropriate.''.
SEC. 345. <<NOTE: 49 USC 31136 note.>>  EXEMPTIONS FROM 
                        REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO COMMERCIAL MOTOR 
                        VEHICLES AND THEIR OPERATORS.

    (a) Exemptions.--
            (1) Transportation of agricultural commodities and farm 
        supplies.--Regulations prescribed by the Secretary under 
        sections 31136 and 31502 of title 49, United States Code, 
        regarding maximum driving and on-duty time for drivers used by 
        motor carriers shall not apply to drivers transporting 
        agricultural commodities or farm supplies for agricultural 
        purposes in a State if such transportation is limited to an area 
        within a 100 air mile radius from the source of the commodities 
        or the distribution point for the farm supplies and is during 
        the planting and harvesting seasons within such State, as 
        determined by the State.
            (2) Transportation and operation of ground water well 
        drilling rigs.--Such regulations shall, in the case of a driver 
        of a commercial motor vehicle who is used primarily in the 
        transportation and operation of a ground water well drilling 
        rig, permit any period of 7 or 8 consecutive days to end with 
        the beginning of an off-duty period of 24 or more consecutive 
        hours for the purposes of determining maximum driving and on-
        duty time.
            (3) Transportation of construction materials and 
        equipment.--Such regulations shall, in the case of a driver of a 
        commercial motor vehicle who is used primarily in the 
        transportation of construction materials and equipment, permit 
        any period of 7 or 8 consecutive days to end with the beginning 
        of an off-duty period of 24 or more consecutive hours for the 
        purposes of determining maximum driving and on-duty time.
            (4) Drivers of utility service vehicles.--Such regulations 
        shall, in the case of a driver of a utility service vehicle, 
        permit any period of 7 or 8 consecutive days to end with the 
        beginning of an off-duty period of 24 or more consecutive hours 
        for the purposes of determining maximum driving and on-duty 
        time.
            (5) Snow and ice removal.--A State may waive the 
        requirements of chapter 313 of title 49, United States Code, 
        with respect to a vehicle that is being operated within the 
        boundaries of an eligible unit of local government by an 
        employee of such unit for the purpose of removing snow or ice 
        from a roadway by plowing, sanding, or salting. Such waiver 
        authority shall only apply in a case where the employee is 
        needed to operate the vehicle because the employee of the 
        eligible unit of local government who ordinarily operates the 
        vehicle and who has a commercial drivers license is unable to 
        operate the vehicle or is in need of additional assistance due 
        to a snow emergency.

    (b) Preemption.--Nothing contained in this section shall require the 
preemption of State laws and regulations concerning the safe operation 
of commercial motor vehicles as the result of exemptions from Federal 
requirements provided under this section.
    (c) Review by the Secretary.--The Secretary may conduct a rulemaking 
proceeding to determine whether granting any exemption provided by 
subsection (a) (other than paragraph (2)) is not in the public interest 
and would have a significant adverse impact on the safety of commercial 
motor vehicles. If, at any time as a result of such a proceeding, the 
Secretary determines that granting such exemption would not be in the 
public interest and would have a significant adverse impact on the 
safety of commercial motor vehicles, the Secretary may prevent the 
exemption from going into effect, modify the exemption, or revoke the 
exemption. The Secretary may develop a program to monitor the exemption, 
including agreements with carriers to permit the Secretary to examine 
insurance information maintained by an insurer on a carrier.
    (d) Report.--The Secretary shall monitor the commercial motor 
vehicle safety performance of drivers of vehicles that are subject to an 
exemption under this section. If the Secretary determines that public 
safety has been adversely affected by an exemption granted under this 
section, the Secretary shall report to Congress on the determination.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
            (1) 7 or 8 consecutive days.--The term ``7 or 8 consecutive 
        days'' means the period of 7 or 8 consecutive days beginning on 
        any day at the time designated by the motor carrier for a 24-
        hour period.
            (2) 24-hour period.--The term ``24-hour period'' means any 
        24 consecutive hour period beginning at the time designated by 
        the motor carrier for the terminal from which the driver is 
        normally dispatched.
            (3) Ground water well drilling rig.--The term ``ground water 
        well drilling rig'' means any vehicle, machine, tractor, 
        trailer, semi-trailer, or specialized mobile equipment propelled 
        or drawn by mechanical power and used on highways to transport 
        water well field operating equipment, including water well 
        drilling and pump service rigs equipped to access ground water.
            (4) Transportation of construction materials and 
        equipment.--The term ``transportation of construction materials 
        and equipment'' means the transportation of construction and 
        pavement materials, construction equipment, and construction 
        maintenance vehicles, by a driver to or from an active 
        construction site (a construction site between initial 
        mobilization of equipment and materials to the site to the final 
        completion of the construction project) within a 50 air mile 
        radius of the normal work reporting location of the driver. This 
        paragraph does not apply to the transportation of material found 
        by the Secretary to be hazardous under section 5103 of title 49, 
        United States Code, in a quantity requiring placarding under 
        regulations issued to carry out such section.
            (5) Eligible unit of local government.--The term ``eligible 
        unit of local government'' means a city, town, borough, county, 
        parish, district, or other public body created by or pursuant to 
        State law which has a total population of 3,000 individuals or 
        less.
            (6) Utility service vehicle.--The term ``utility service 
        vehicle'' means any commercial motor vehicle--
                    (A) used in the furtherance of repairing, 
                maintaining, or operating any structures or any other 
                physical facilities necessary for the delivery of public 
                utility services, including the furnishing of electric, 
                gas, water, sanitary sewer, telephone, and television 
                cable or community antenna service;
                    (B) while engaged in any activity necessarily 
                related to the ultimate delivery of such public utility 
                services to consumers, including travel or movement to, 
                from, upon, or between activity sites (including 
                occasional travel or movement outside the service area 
                necessitated by any utility emergency as determined by 
                the utility provider); and
                    (C) except for any occasional emergency use, 
                operated primarily within the service area of a 
                utility's subscribers or consumers, without regard to 
                whether the vehicle is owned, leased, or rented by the 
                utility.

    (f) Effective Date.--Subsection (a) of this section shall take 
effect on the 180th day following the date of the enactment of this Act; 
except that paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a) shall take effect 
on such date of enactment.
SEC. 346 <<NOTE: 49 USC 31136 note.>> . WINTER HOME HEATING OIL 
                        DELIVERY STATE FLEXIBILITY PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--After notice and opportunity for comment, the 
Secretary shall develop and implement a pilot program for the purpose of 
evaluating waivers of the regulations issued by the Secretary pursuant 
to sections 31136 and 31502 of title 49, United States Code, relating to 
maximum on-duty time, and sections 31102 and 31104(j) of such title, 
relating to the Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program, to permit any 
period of 7 or 8 consecutive days to end with the beginning of an off-
duty period of 24 or more consecutive hours for the purposes of 
determining maximum on-duty time for drivers of motor vehicles making 
intrastate home heating oil deliveries that occur within 100 air miles 
of a central terminal or distribution point of the delivery of such oil. 
The Secretary may approve up to 5 States to participate in the pilot 
program during the winter heating season in the 6-month period beginning 
on November 1, 1996.
    (b) Approval Criteria.--The Secretary shall select States to 
participate in the pilot program upon approval of applications submitted 
by States to the Secretary. The Secretary shall act on a State's 
application within 30 days after the date of its submission. The 
Secretary may only approve an application of a State under this section 
if the Secretary finds, at a minimum, that--
            (1) a substantial number of the citizens of the State rely 
        on home heating oil for heat during winter months;
            (2) current maximum on-duty time regulations may endanger 
        the welfare of these citizens by impeding timely deliveries of 
        home heating oil;
            (3) the State will ensure an equal to or greater level of 
        safety with respect to home heating oil deliveries than the 
        level of safety resulting from compliance with the regulations 
        referred to in subsection (a);
            (4) the State will monitor the safety of home heating oil 
        deliveries while participating in the program;
            (5) employers of deliverers of home heating oil that will be 
        covered by the program will agree to make all safety data 
        developed from the pilot program available to the State and to 
        the Secretary;
            (6) the State will only permit employers of deliverers of 
        home heating oil with satisfactory safety records to be covered 
        by the program; and
            (7) the State will comply with such other criteria as the 
        Secretary determines are necessary to implement the program 
        consistent with this section.

    (c) Participation in Program.--Upon approval of an application of a 
State under this section, the Secretary shall permit the State to 
participate in the pilot program for an initial period of 15 days during 
the winter heating season of the State (as determined by the Governor 
and the Secretary). If, after the last day of such 15-day period, the 
Secretary finds that a State's continued participation in the program is 
consistent with this section and has resulted in no significant adverse 
impact on public safety and is in the public interest, the Secretary 
shall extend the State's participation in the program for periods of up 
to 30 additional days during such heating season.
    (d) Suspension From Program.--The Secretary may suspend a State's 
participation in the pilot program at any time if the Secretary finds--
            (1) that the State has not complied with any of the criteria 
        for participation in the program under this section;
            (2) that a State's participation in the program has caused a 
        significant adverse impact on public safety and is not in the 
        public interest; or
            (3) the existence of an emergency.

    (e) <<NOTE: Rulemaking.>>  Review by Secretary.--Within 90 days 
after the completion of the pilot program, the Secretary shall initiate 
a rulemaking to determine, based in part on the results of the program, 
whether to--
            (1) permit a State to grant waivers of the regulations 
        referred to in subsection (a) to motor carriers transporting 
        home heating oil within the borders of the State, subject to 
        such conditions as the Secretary may impose, if the Secretary 
        determines that such waivers by the State meet the conditions in 
        section 31136(e) of title 49, United States Code; or
            (2) amend the regulations referred to in subsection (a) as 
        may be necessary to provide flexibility to motor carriers 
        delivering home heating oil during winter periods of peak 
        demand.

    (f) Definition.--In this section, the term ``7 or 8 consecutive 
days'' has the meaning such term has under section 345 of this Act.

SEC. 347. <<NOTE: 23 USC 154 note.>>  SAFETY REPORT.

    Not later than September 30, 1997, the Secretary, in cooperation 
with any State which raises any speed limit in such State to a level 
above the level permitted under section 154 of title 23, United States 
Code, as such section was in effect on September 15, 1995, shall prepare 
and submit to Congress a study of--
            (1) the costs to such State of deaths and injuries resulting 
        from motor vehicle crashes; and
            (2) the benefits associated with the repeal of the national 
        maximum speed limit.
SEC. 348. <<NOTE: 42 USC 7511a note.>>  MORATORIUM ON CERTAIN 
                        EMISSIONS TESTING REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Environmental Protection 
Agency (hereinafter in this section referred to as the 
``Administrator'') shall not require adoption or implementation by a 
State of a test-only I/M240 enhanced vehicle inspection and maintenance 
program as a means of compliance with section 182 or 187 of the Clean 
Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7511a; 7512a), but the Administrator may approve such 
a program if a State chooses to adopt the program as a means of 
compliance with such section.
    (b) Limitation on Plan Disapproval.--The Administrator shall not 
disapprove or apply an automatic discount to a State implementation plan 
revision under section 182 or 187 of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7511a; 
7512a) on the basis of a policy, regulation, or guidance providing for a 
discount of emissions credits because the inspection and maintenance 
program in such plan revision is decentralized or a test-and-repair 
program.
    (c) Emissions Reduction Credits.--
            (1) State plan revision; approval.--Within 120 days of the 
        date of the enactment of this subsection, a State may submit an 
        implementation plan revision proposing an interim inspection and 
        maintenance program under section 182 or 187 of the Clean Air 
        Act (42 U.S.C. 7511a; 7512a). The Administrator shall approve 
        the program based on the full amount of credits proposed by the 
        State for each element of the program if the proposed credits 
        reflect good faith estimates by the State and the revision is 
        otherwise in compliance with such Act. If, within such 120-day 
        period, the State submits to the Administrator proposed 
        revisions to the implementation plan, has all of the statutory 
        authority necessary to implement the revisions, and has proposed 
        a regulation to make the revisions, the Administrator may 
        approve the revisions without regard to whether or not such 
        regulation has been issued as a final regulation by the State.
            (2) Expiration of interim approval.--The interim approval 
        shall expire on the earlier of (A) the last day of the 18-month 
        period beginning on the date of the interim approval, or (B) the 
        date of final approval. The interim approval may not be 
        extended.
            (3) Final approval.--The Administrator shall grant final 
        approval of the revision based on the credits proposed by the 
        State during or after the period of interim approval if data 
        collected on the operation of the State program demonstrates 
        that the credits are appropriate and the revision is otherwise 
        in compliance with the Clean Air Act.
            (4) Basis of approval; no automatic discount.--Any 
        determination with respect to interim or full approval shall be 
        based on the elements of the program and shall not apply any 
        automatic discount because the program is decentralized or a 
        test-and-repair program.

SEC. 349. ROADS ON FEDERAL LANDS.

    (a) Moratorium.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
        no agency of the Federal Government may take any action to 
        prepare, promulgate, or implement any rule or regulation 
        addressing rights-of-way authorized pursuant to section 2477 of 
        the Revised Statutes (43 U.S.C. 932), as such section was in 
        effect before October 21, 1976.
            (2) Sunset.--This subsection shall not be effective after 
        September 30, 1996.

    (b) <<NOTE: Virginia. 16 USC 403 note.>>  Requirement of Transfer of 
County Road Corridors.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                    (A) County road corridor.--The term ``county road 
                corridor'' means a corridor that is comprised of--
                          (i) a Shenandoah county road; and
                          (ii) land contiguous to the road that is 
                      selected by the Secretary of the Interior, in 
                      consultation with the Governor of the State of 
                      Virginia, such that the width of the corridor is 
                      50 feet.
                    (B) Shenandoah county road.--The term ``Shenandoah 
                county road'' means the portion of any of the following 
                roads that is located in the Shenandoah National Park 
                and that has been in general use as a public roadway 
                prior to the date of the enactment of this Act:
                          (i) Madison County Route 600.
                          (ii) Rockingham County Route 624.
                          (iii) Rockingham County Route 625.
                          (iv) Rockingham County Route 626.
                          (v) Warren County Route 604.
                          (vi) Page County Route 759.
                          (vii) Page County Route 611.
                          (viii) Page County Route 682.
                          (ix) Page County Route 662.
                          (x) Augusta County Route 611.
                          (xi) Augusta County Route 619.
                          (xii) Albemarle County Route 614.
                          (xiii) Augusta County Route 661.
                          (xiv) Rockingham County Route 663.
                          (xv) Rockingham County Route 659.
                          (xvi) Page County Route 669.
                          (xvii) Rockingham County Route 661.
                          (xviii) Criser Road (to the town of Front 
                      Royal).
                          (xix) The Government-owned parcel connecting 
                      Criser Road to the Warren County School Board 
                      parcel.
            (2) Purpose.--The purpose of this subsection is to permit 
        the State of Virginia to maintain and provide for safe public 
        use of certain roads that the State donated to the United States 
        at the time of the establishment of Shenandoah National Park.
            (3) Transfer.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Interior shall 
        transfer to the State of Virginia, without consideration or 
        reimbursement, all right, title, and interest of the United 
        States in and to each county road corridor.
            (4) Reversion.--A transfer under paragraph (3) shall be 
        subject to the condition that if at any time a county road 
        corridor is withdrawn from general use as a public roadway, all 
        right, title, and interest in the county road corridor shall 
        revert to the United States.

SEC. 350. <<NOTE: 23 USC 101 note.>>  STATE INFRASTRUCTURE BANK PILOT 
            PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Cooperative agreements.--Subject to the provisions of 
        this section, the Secretary may enter into cooperative 
        agreements with not to exceed 10 States for the establishment of 
        State infrastructure banks and multistate infrastructure banks 
        for making loans and providing other assistance to public and 
        private entities carrying out or proposing to carry out projects 
        eligible for assistance under this section.
            (2) Interstate compacts.--Congress grants consent to 2 or 
        more of the States, entering into a cooperative agreement under 
        paragraph (1) with the Secretary for the establishment of a 
        multistate infrastructure bank, to enter into an interstate 
        compact establishing such bank in accordance with this section.

    (b) Funding.--
            (1) Separate accounts.--An infrastructure bank established 
        under this section shall maintain a separate highway account for 
        Federal funds contributed to the bank under paragraph (2) and a 
        separate transit account for Federal funds contributed to the 
        bank under paragraph (3). No Federal funds contributed or 
        credited to an account of an infrastructure bank established 
        under this section may be commingled with Federal funds 
        contributed or credited to any other account of such bank.
            (2) Highway account.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, the Secretary may allow, subject to subsection (g)(1), a 
        State entering into a cooperative agreement under this section 
        to contribute not to exceed--
                    (A) 10 percent of the funds apportioned to the State 
                for each of fiscal years 1996 and 1997 under each of 
                sections 104(b)(1), 104(b)(3), 104(b)(5)(B), 144, and 
                160 of title 23, United States Code, and section 1015 of 
                the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 
                1991; and
                    (B) 10 percent of the funds allocated to the State 
                for each of such fiscal years under each of section 157 
                of such title and section 1013(c) of such Act;

        into the highway account of the infrastructure bank established 
        by the State. Federal funds contributed to such account under 
        this paragraph shall constitute for purposes of this section a 
        capitalization grant for the highway account of the 
        infrastructure bank.
            (3) Transit account.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, the Secretary may allow, subject to subsection (g)(1), a 
        State entering into a cooperative agreement under this section, 
        and any other Federal transit grant recipient, to contribute not 
        to exceed 10 percent of the funds made available to the State or 
        other Federal transit grant recipient in each of fiscal years 
        1996 and 1997 for capital projects under sections 5307, 5309, 
        and 5311 of title 49, United States Code, into the transit 
        account of the infrastructure bank established by the State. 
        Federal funds contributed to such account under this paragraph 
        shall constitute for purposes of this section a capitalization 
        grant for the transit account of the infrastructure bank.
            (4) Special rule for urbanized areas of over 200,000.--Funds 
        that are apportioned or allocated to a State under section 
        104(b)(3) or 160 of title 23, United States Code, or under 
        section 1013(c) or 1015 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
        Efficiency Act of 1991 and attributed to urbanized areas of a 
        State with an urbanized population of over 200,000 under section 
        133(d)(3) of such title may be used to provide assistance with 
        respect to a project only if the metropolitan planning 
        organization designated for such area concurs, in writing, with 
        the provision of such assistance.

    (c) Forms of Assistance From Infrastructure Banks.--An 
infrastructure bank established under this section may make loans or 
provide other assistance to a public or private entity in an amount 
equal to all or part of the cost of carrying out a project eligible for 
assistance under this section. The amount of any loan or other 
assistance provided for such project may be subordinated to any other 
debt financing for the project. Initial assistance provided with respect 
to a project from Federal funds contributed to an infrastructure bank 
under this section may not be made in the form of a grant.
    (d) Qualifying Projects.--Federal funds in the highway account of an 
infrastructure bank established under this section may be used only to 
provide assistance with respect to construction of Federal-aid highways. 
Federal funds in the transit account of such bank may be used only to 
provide assistance with respect to capital projects.
    (e) Infrastructure Bank Requirements.--In order to establish an 
infrastructure bank under this section, each State establishing the bank 
shall--
            (1) contribute, at a minimum, in each account of the bank 
        from non-Federal sources an amount equal to 25 percent of the 
        amount of each capitalization grant made to the State and 
        contributed to the bank; except that if the contribution is into 
        the highway account of the bank and the State has a lower non-
        Federal share under section 120(b) of title 23, United States 
        Code, such percentage shall be adjusted by the Secretary to 
        correspond with such lower non-Federal share;
            (2) ensure that the bank maintains on a continuing basis an 
        investment grade rating on its debt issuances or has a 
        sufficient level of bond or debt financing instrument insurance 
        to maintain the viability of the bank;
            (3) ensure that investment income generated by funds 
        contributed to an account of the bank will be--
                    (A) credited to the account;
                    (B) available for use in providing loans and other 
                assistance to projects eligible for assistance from the 
                account; and
                    (C) invested in United States Treasury securities, 
                bank deposits, or such other financing instruments as 
                the Secretary may approve to earn interest to enhance 
                the leveraging of projects assisted by the bank;
            (4) provide that the repayment of a loan or other assistance 
        from an account of the bank under this section shall be 
        consistent with the repayment provisions of section 129(a)(7) of 
        title 23, United States Code, except to the extent the Secretary 
        determines that such provisions are not consistent with this 
        section;
            (5) ensure that any loan from the bank will bear interest at 
        or below market interest rates, as determined by the State, to 
        make the project that is the subject of the loan feasible;
            (6) ensure that repayment of any loan from the bank will 
        commence not later than 5 years after the project has been 
        completed or, in the case of a highway project, the facility has 
        opened to traffic, whichever is later;
            (7) ensure that the term for repaying any loan will not 
        exceed 30 years after the date of the first payment on the loan 
        under paragraph (6); and
            (8) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  require the bank to make an annual 
        report to the Secretary on its status no later than September 
        30, 1996, and September 30, 1997, and to make such other reports 
        as the Secretary may require by guidelines.

    (f) Limitation on Repayments.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
of law, the repayment of a loan or other assistance provided from an 
infrastructure bank under this section may not be credited towards the 
non-Federal share of the cost of any project.
    (g) Secretarial Requirements.--In administering this section, the 
Secretary shall--
            (1) ensure that Federal disbursements shall be at a rate 
        consistent with historic rates for the Federal-aid highway 
        program and the Federal transit program, respectively;
            (2) <<NOTE: Guidelines.>>  issue guidelines to ensure that 
        all requirements of title 23, United States Code, or title 49, 
        United States Code, that would otherwise apply to funds made 
        available under such title and projects assisted with such funds 
        apply to--
                    (A) funds made available under such title and 
                contributed to an infrastructure bank established under 
                this section; and
                    (B) projects assisted by the bank through the use of 
                such funds;

        except to the extent that the Secretary determines that any 
        requirement of such title is not consistent with the objectives 
        of this section; and
            (3) specify procedures and guidelines for establishing, 
        operating, and providing assistance from the bank.

    (h) United States Not Obligated.--The contribution of Federal funds 
into an infrastructure bank established under this section shall not be 
construed as a commitment, guarantee, or obligation on the part of the 
United States to any third party, nor shall any third party have any 
right against the United States for payment solely by virtue of the 
contribution. Any security or debt financing instrument issued by the 
infrastructure bank shall expressly state that the security or 
instrument does not constitute a commitment, guarantee, or obligation of 
the United States.
    (i) Management of Federal Funds.--Sections 3335 and 6503 of title 
31, United States Code, shall not apply to funds contributed under this 
section.
    (j) Program Administration.--For each of fiscal years 1996 and 1997, 
a State may expend not to exceed 2 percent of the Federal funds 
contributed to an infrastructure bank established by the State under 
this section to pay the reasonable costs of administering the bank.
    (k) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  Secretarial Review.--The Secretary shall 
review the financial condition of each infrastructure bank established 
under this section and transmit to Congress a report on the results of 
such review not later than March 1, 1997. In addition, the report shall 
contain--
            (1) an evaluation of the pilot program conducted under this 
        section and the ability of such program to increase public 
        investment and attract non-Federal capital; and
            (2) recommendations of the Secretary as to whether the 
        program should be expanded or made a part of the Federal-aid 
        highway and transit programs.

    (l) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Capital project.--The term ``capital project'' has the 
        meaning such term has under section 5302 of title 49, United 
        States Code.
            (2) Construction; federal-aid highway.--The terms 
        ``construction'' and ``Federal-aid highway'' have the meanings 
        such terms have under section 101 of title 23, United States 
        Code.
            (3) Other assistance.--The term ``other assistance'' 
        includes any use of funds in an infrastructure bank--
                    (A) to provide credit enhancements;
                    (B) to serve as a capital reserve for bond or debt 
                instrument financing;
                    (C) to subsidize interest rates;
                    (D) to ensure the issuance of letters of credit and 
                credit instruments;
                    (E) to finance purchase and lease agreements with 
                respect to transit projects;
                    (F) to provide bond or debt financing instrument 
                security; and
                    (G) to provide other forms of debt financing and 
                methods of leveraging funds that are approved by the 
                Secretary and that relate to the project with respect to 
                which such assistance is being provided.
            (4) State.--The term ``State'' has the meaning such term has 
        under section 101 of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 351. RAILROAD-HIGHWAY GRADE CROSSING SAFETY.

    (a) <<NOTE: 23 USC 307 note.>>  Intelligent Transportation 
Systems.--In implementing the Intelligent Transportation Systems Act of 
1991 (23 U.S.C. 307 note; 105 Stat. 2189-2195), the Secretary shall 
ensure that the national intelligent transportation systems program 
addresses, in a comprehensive and coordinated manner, the use of 
intelligent transportation technologies to promote safety at railroad-
highway grade crossings. The Secretary shall ensure that 2 or more 
operational tests funded under such Act are designed to promote highway 
traffic safety and railroad safety.

    (b) <<NOTE: 23 USC 130 note.>>  Safety Enforcement.--
            (1) Cooperation between federal and state agencies.--The 
        National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the Office of 
        Motor Carriers within the Federal Highway Administration shall 
        cooperate and work, on a continuing basis, with the National 
        Association of Governors' Highway Safety Representatives, the 
        Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance, and Operation Lifesaver, 
        Inc., to improve compliance with and enforcement of laws and 
        regulations pertaining to railroad-highway grade crossings.
            (2) Report.--Not later than June 1, 1998, the Secretary 
        shall submit to Congress a report indicating--
                    (A) how the Department of Transportation worked with 
                the entities referred to in paragraph (1) to improve the 
                awareness of the highway and commercial vehicle safety 
                and law enforcement communities of regulations and 
                safety challenges at railroad-highway grade crossings; 
                and
                    (B) how resources are being allocated to better 
                address these challenges and enforce such regulations.

    (c) <<NOTE: 23 USC 130 note.>>  Federal-State Partnership.--
            (1) Statement of policy.--
                    (A) Hazards to safety.--Certain railroad-highway 
                grade crossings present inherent hazards to the safety 
                of railroad operations and to the safety of persons 
                using those crossings. It is in the public interest--
                          (i) to promote grade crossing safety and 
                      reduce risk at high risk railroad-highway grade 
                      crossings; and
                          (ii) to reduce the number of grade crossings 
                      while maintaining the reasonable mobility of the 
                      American people and their property, including 
                      emergency access.
                    (B) Effective programs.--Effective programs to 
                reduce the number of unneeded and unsafe railroad-
                highway grade crossings require the partnership of 
                Federal, State, and local officials and agencies, and 
                affected railroads.
                    (C) Highway planning.--Promotion of a balanced 
                national transportation system requires that highway 
                planning specifically take into consideration grade 
                crossing safety.
            (2) Partnership and oversight.--The Secretary shall 
        encourage each State to make progress toward achievement of the 
        purposes of this subsection.

SEC. 352. COLLECTION OF BRIDGE TOLLS. <<NOTE: New York.>> 

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, tolls collected for 
motor vehicles on any bridge connecting the boroughs of Brooklyn, New 
York, and Staten Island, New York, shall continue to be collected for 
only those vehicles exiting from such bridge in Staten Island.

SEC. 353. TRAFFIC CONTROL.

    (a) <<NOTE: Oregon.>>  Signs.--Traffic control signs referred to in 
the experimental project conducted in the State of Oregon in December 
1991 shall be deemed to comply with the requirements of section 2B-4 of 
the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices of the Department of 
Transportation.

    (b) <<NOTE: Rhode Island.>>  Stripes.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, a red, white, and blue center line in the Main Street 
of Bristol, Rhode Island, shall be deemed to comply with the 
requirements of section 3B-1 of the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control 
Devices of the Department of Transportation.

SEC. 354. PUBLIC USE OF REST AREAS. <<NOTE: Rhode Island.>> 

    Notwithstanding section 111 of title 23, United States Code, or any 
project agreement under such section, the Secretary shall permit the 
conversion of any safety rest area adjacent to Interstate Route 95 
within the State of Rhode Island that was closed as of May 1, 1995, to 
use as a motor vehicle emissions testing facility. At the option of the 
State, vehicles shall be permitted to enter and exit any such testing 
facility directly from Interstate Route 95.
SEC. 355. SAFETY BELT USE LAW REQUIREMENTS FOR NEW HAMPSHIRE AND 
                        MAINE.

    (a) In General.--For purposes of this section and section 153 of 
title 23, United States Code, the States of New Hampshire and Maine 
shall each be treated as having in effect a State law described in 
subsection (a)(2) of such section and as having achieved a rate of 
compliance with the State law required by subsections (f)(2) and (f)(3) 
of such section upon certification by the Secretary that the State has 
achieved--
            (1) a safety belt use rate in each of fiscal years 1995 and 
        1996, of not less than 50 percent; and
            (2) a safety belt use rate in each fiscal year thereafter of 
        not less than the national average safety belt use rate, as 
        determined by the Secretary.

    (b) Retroactive Applicability.--
            (1) Effective date.--Subsection (a) shall take effect 
        September 30, 1995.
            (2) Treatment of continuance of safety belt use law.--If the 
        State of New Hampshire or Maine continues in effect a law 
        described in subsection (a)(2) of section 153 of title 23, 
        United States Code, within 60 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this section, the State shall be treated, for 
        purposes of this section and such section, as having in effect a 
        State law described in such subsection on September 30, 1995.

    (c) Reservation of Apportionment Pending Certification.--If, at any 
time in a fiscal year beginning after September 30, 1994, the State of 
New Hampshire or Maine does not have in effect a law described in 
subsection (a)(2) of section 153 of title 23, United States Code, the 
Secretary shall reserve 3 percent of the funds to be apportioned to the 
State for the succeeding fiscal year, under each of subsections (b)(1), 
(b)(2), and (b)(3) of section 104 of such title, if the Secretary has 
not certified, in accordance with subsection (a) of this section, that 
the State has achieved the applicable safety belt use rate.
    (d) Effect on Noncertification.--If, at the end of the fiscal year 
in which the funds are reserved under subsection (c), the Secretary has 
not certified, in accordance with subsection (a), that the State of New 
Hampshire or Maine achieved the applicable safety belt use rate, the 
Secretary shall transfer the funds reserved from the State under 
subsection (c) to the apportionment of the State under section 402 of 
title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 356. ORANGE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, TOLL ROADS.

    (a) Modification of Agreement.--The Secretary shall enter into an 
agreement modifying the agreement entered into pursuant to section 339 
of the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Act, 1993 (106 Stat. 1552) to conform such agreement to the provisions 
of section 336 of the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 1995 (108 Stat. 2495).
    (b) Limitation on Statutory Construction.--Nothing in this section 
shall be construed to change the amount of the appropriation made by 
section 339 of the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 1993 (106 Stat. 1552), and the line of credit 
provided for shall not exceed an amount supported by such appropriation.
    (c) Higher Interest Rate.--In implementing sections 336 and 339 
referred to in subsection (a), the Secretary may enter into an agreement 
requiring an interest rate that is higher than the rate specified in 
such sections.

SEC. 357. COMPILATION OF TITLE 23, UNITED STATES CODE.

    (a) <<NOTE: 23 USC note prec. 101.>>  Legislative Proposal.--The 
Secretary shall, by March 31, 1997, prepare and submit to Congress a 
draft legislative proposal of necessary technical and conforming 
amendments to title 23, United States Code, and related laws.

    (b) <<NOTE: 23 USC note prec. 101.>>  Conforming Repeal.--Section 
1066 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 
(105 Stat. 2006) is repealed.

SEC. 358. SAFETY RESEARCH INITIATIVES.

    (a) <<NOTE: 23 USC 401 note.>>  Older Drivers and Other Special 
Driver Groups.--
            (1) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study of 
        technologies and practices to improve the driving performance of 
        older drivers and other special driver groups.
            (2) Demonstration activities.--In conducting the study under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall undertake demonstration 
        activities that incorporate and build upon gerontology research 
        related to the study of the normal aging process. The Secretary 
        shall initially implement such activities in those States that 
        have the highest population of aging citizens for whom driving a 
        motor vehicle is their primary mobility mode.
            (3) Cooperative agreement.--The Secretary shall conduct the 
        study under paragraph (1) by entering into a cooperative 
        agreement with an institution that has demonstrated competencies 
        in gerontological research, population demographics, human 
        factors related to transportation, and advanced technology 
        applied to transportation.

    (b) <<NOTE: 23 USC 401 note.>>  Work Zone Safety.--In carrying out 
the work zone safety program under section 1051 of the Intermodal 
Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 401 note; 105 
Stat. 2001), the Secretary shall utilize a variety of methods to 
increase safety at highway construction sites, including each of the 
following:
            (1) Conducting conferences to explore new techniques and 
        stimulate dialogue for improving work zone safety.
            (2) Establishing a national clearinghouse to assemble and 
        disseminate, by electronic and other means, information relating 
        to the improvement of work zone safety.
            (3) Conducting a national promotional campaign in 
        cooperation with the States to provide timely, site-specific 
        information to motorists when construction workers are actually 
        present.
            (4) Encouraging the use of enforceable speed limits in work 
        zones.
            (5) Developing training programs for work site designers and 
        construction workers to promote safe work zone practices.
            (6) Encouraging the use of unit price bid items in contracts 
        for traffic control devices and implementation of traffic 
        control plans.

    (c) <<NOTE: 23 USC 401 note.>>  Radio and Microwave Technology for 
Motor Vehicle Safety Warning System.--
            (1) Study.--The Secretary, in consultation with the Federal 
        Communications Commission and the National Telecommunications 
        and Information Administration, shall conduct a study to develop 
        and evaluate radio and microwave technology for a motor vehicle 
        safety warning system in furtherance of safety in all types of 
        motor vehicles.
            (2) Equipment.--Equipment developed under the study shall be 
        directed toward, but not limited to, advance warning to 
        operators of all types of motor vehicles of--
                    (A) temporary obstructions in a highway;
                    (B) poor visibility and highway surface conditions 
                caused by adverse weather; and
                    (C) movement of emergency vehicles.
            (3) Safety applications.--In conducting the study, the 
        Secretary shall determine whether the technology described in 
        this subsection has other appropriate safety applications.

    (d) <<NOTE: 23 USC 408 note.>>  Effectiveness of Drunk Driving 
Laws.--The Secretary shall conduct a study to evaluate the effectiveness 
on reducing drunk driving and appropriateness of laws enacted in the 
States which allow a health care provider who treats an individual 
involved in a vehicular accident to report the blood alcohol level, if 
known, of such individual to the local law enforcement agency which has 
jurisdiction over the accident site if the blood alcohol concentration 
level exceeds the maximum level permitted under State law.

SEC. 359. MISCELLANEOUS STUDIES.

    (a) <<NOTE: 23 USC 309 note.>>  Pan American Highway.--
            (1) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study on the 
        adequacy of and the need for improvements to the Pan American 
        Highway.
            (2) Elements.--The study shall include, at a minimum, the 
        following elements:
                    (A) Findings on the benefits of constructing a 
                highway at Darien Gap, Panama and Colombia.
                    (B) Recommendations for a self-financing arrangement 
                for completion and maintenance of the Pan American 
                Highway.
                    (C) Recommendations for establishing a Pan American 
                highway authority to monitor financing, construction, 
                maintenance, and operations of the Pan American Highway.
                    (D) Findings on the benefits to trade and prosperity 
                of a more efficient Pan American Highway.
                    (E) Findings on the benefits to United States 
                industry resulting from the use of United States 
                technology and equipment in construction of improvements 
                to the Pan American Highway.
                    (F) Findings on environmental considerations, 
                including environmental considerations relating to 
                Darien Gap.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress 
        a report on the results of the study.

    (b) <<NOTE: 23 USC 109 note.>>  Highway Signs for National Highway 
System.--
            (1) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study to determine 
        the cost, need, and efficacy of establishing a highway sign for 
        identifying routes on the National Highway System. In conducting 
        the study, the Secretary shall make a determination concerning 
        whether to identify National Highway System route numbers.
            (2) Report.--Not later than March 1, 1997, the Secretary 
        shall transmit to Congress a report on the results of the study.

    (c) <<NOTE: 23 USC 101 note.>>  Compliance With Buy American Act.--
            (1) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study on 
        compliance with the Buy American Act (41 U.S.C. 10a-10c) with 
        respect to contracts entered into using amounts made available 
        from the Highway Trust Fund.
            (2) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress 
        a report on the results of the study.

    (d) Magnetic Levitation.--
            (1) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study evaluating 
        the near-term applications of magnetic levitation ground 
        transportation technology in the United States, with particular 
        emphasis in identifying projects which would warrant immediate 
        application of such technology. The study shall also evaluate 
        the use of innovative financial techniques for the construction 
        and operation of such projects.
            (2) Elements.--The study shall be undertaken in consultation 
        with a committee of 8 persons chosen by the Secretary with 
        appropriate backgrounds in magnetic levitation transportation, 
        design and construction, public and private finance, and 
        infrastructure policy disciplines. The chairperson of the 
        committee shall be elected by the members.
            (3) Report.--Not later than September 30, 1996, the 
        Secretary shall transmit to the President and Congress a report 
        on the results of the study.

    TITLE IV--WOODROW WILSON <<NOTE: Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge 
 Authority Act of 1995. Maryland. Virginia. Washington, DC.>>  MEMORIAL 
BRIDGE

SEC. 401. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge 
Authority Act of 1995''.

SEC. 402. FINDINGS.

    Congress finds that--
            (1) traffic congestion imposes serious economic burdens on 
        the metropolitan Washington, D.C., area, costing each commuter 
        an estimated $1,000 per year;
            (2) the volume of traffic in the metropolitan Washington, 
        D.C., area is expected to increase by more than 70 percent 
        between 1990 and 2020;
            (3) the deterioration of the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge 
        and the growing population of the metropolitan Washington, D.C., 
        area contribute significantly to traffic congestion;
            (4) the Bridge serves as a vital link in the Interstate 
        System and in the Northeast corridor;
            (5) identifying alternative methods for maintaining this 
        vital link of the Interstate System is critical to addressing 
        the traffic congestion of the area;
            (6) the Bridge is--
                    (A) the only drawbridge in the metropolitan 
                Washington, D.C., area on the Interstate System;
                    (B) the only segment of the Capital Beltway with 
                only 6 lanes; and
                    (C) the only segment of the Capital Beltway with a 
                remaining expected life of less than 10 years;
            (7) the Bridge is the only part of the Interstate System 
        owned by the Federal Government;
            (8)(A) the Bridge was constructed by the Federal Government;
            (B) prior to the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Federal Government has contributed 100 percent of the cost of 
        building and rehabilitating the Bridge; and
            (C) the Federal Government has a continuing responsibility 
        to fund future costs associated with the upgrading of the 
        Interstate Route 95 crossing, including the rehabilitation and 
        reconstruction of the Bridge;
            (9) the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge Coordination 
        Committee is undertaking planning studies pertaining to the 
        Bridge, consistent with the National Environmental Policy Act of 
        1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and other applicable Federal laws;
            (10) the transfer of ownership of the Bridge to a regional 
        entity under the terms and conditions described in this title 
        would foster regional transportation planning efforts to 
        identify solutions to the growing problem of traffic congestion 
        on and around the Bridge;
            (11) any material change to the Bridge must take into 
        account the interests of nearby communities, the commuting 
        public, Federal, State, and local government organizations, and 
        other affected groups; and
            (12) a commission of congressional, State, and local 
        officials and transportation representatives has recommended to 
        the Secretary that the Bridge be transferred to an independent 
        authority to be established by the Capital Region jurisdictions.

SEC. 403. PURPOSES.

    The purposes of this title are--
            (1) to grant consent to the Commonwealth of Virginia, the 
        State of Maryland, and the District of Columbia to establish by 
        interstate agreement or compact the Woodrow Wilson Memorial 
        Bridge Authority;
            (2) to authorize the transfer of ownership of the Woodrow 
        Wilson Memorial Bridge to the Authority for the purposes of 
        owning, constructing, maintaining, and operating a bridge or 
        tunnel or a bridge and tunnel project across the Potomac River; 
        and
            (3) to direct the Secretary to continue working with the 
        parties that comprise the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge 
        Coordination Committee to complete all planning, preliminary 
        engineering and design, environmental studies and documentation, 
        and final engineering, and to submit a proposed agreement to 
        Congress by October 1, 1996, that specifies the selected 
        alternative, implementation schedule, and costs of the Project 
        and the Federal share of the costs of the activities to be 
        carried out as part of the Project.

SEC. 404. DEFINITIONS.

    In this title, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Authority.--The term ``Authority'' means the Woodrow 
        Wilson Memorial Bridge Authority established under section 405.
            (2) Board.--The term ``Board'' means the board of directors 
        of the Authority established under section 406.
            (3) Bridge.--The term ``Bridge'' means the Woodrow Wilson 
        Memorial Bridge across the Potomac River, including approaches 
        thereto.
            (4) Capital region jurisdiction.--The term ``Capital Region 
        jurisdiction'' means--
                    (A) the Commonwealth of Virginia;
                    (B) the State of Maryland; and
                    (C) the District of Columbia.
            (5) Project.--The term ``Project'' means the upgrading of 
        the Interstate Route 95 Potomac River crossing, consistent with 
        the selected alternative to be determined under section 407. 
        Such term shall include ongoing short-term rehabilitation and 
        repairs to the Bridge and may include 1 or more of the 
        following:
                    (A) Construction of a new bridge or bridges in the 
                vicinity of the Bridge.
                    (B) Construction of a tunnel in the vicinity of the 
                Bridge.
                    (C) Long-term rehabilitation or reconstruction of 
                the Bridge.
                    (D) Work necessary to provide rights-of-way for a 
                rail or bus transit facility or bus or high occupancy 
                vehicle lanes in connection with an activity described 
                in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C).
                    (E) Work on Interstate Route 95 approaching the 
                Bridge and other approach roadways if necessitated by an 
                activity described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C).
                    (F) Construction or acquisition of any building, 
                improvement, addition, extension, replacement, 
                appurtenance, land, interest in land, water right, air 
                right, machinery, equipment, furnishing, landscaping, 
                easement, utility, approach, roadway, or other facility 
                that is necessary or desirable in connection with or 
                incidental to a facility described in subparagraph (A), 
                (B), or (C).
            (6) Signatory.--The term ``Signatory'' means any political 
        jurisdiction that enters into the interstate agreement or 
        compact that establishes the Authority.
            (7) Woodrow wilson memorial bridge coordination committee.--
        The term ``Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge Coordination 
        Committee'' means the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge 
        Coordination Committee established and chaired by the Federal 
        Highway Administration and comprised of representatives of 
        Federal, State, and local governments.

SEC. 405. ESTABLISHMENT OF AUTHORITY.

    (a) Consent to Interstate Agreement.--Congress grants consent to the 
Capital Region jurisdictions to enter into an interstate agreement or 
compact to establish the Authority and to designate the governance, 
powers, and duties of the Authority. The Authority shall be a non-
Federal entity designated by the interstate agreement or compact.
    (b) Establishment of Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Upon execution of the interstate agreement 
        or compact described in subsection (a) and an agreement between 
        the Secretary and the Signatories as to the Federal share of the 
        cost of the Project and the terms and conditions related to the 
        timing of the transfer of the Bridge to the Authority as 
        provided in section 407(c), the Authority shall be considered to 
        be established for purposes of subsection (c).
            (2) General powers.--The Authority shall be a body corporate 
        and politic, and an instrumentality of each of the Capital 
        Region jurisdictions, having the powers and jurisdiction 
        described in this title and such additional powers as are 
        conferred on the Authority by the Capital Region jurisdictions, 
        to the extent that the additional powers are consistent with 
        this title.

    (c) Purposes of Authority.--The Authority shall be established--
            (1) to assume ownership of the Bridge; and
            (2) to undertake the Project.

SEC. 406. GOVERNMENT OF AUTHORITY.

    (a) In General.--The Authority shall be governed in accordance with 
this section and with the terms of any interstate agreement or compact 
relating to the Authority that is consistent with this title.
    (b) Board.--The Authority shall be governed by a board of directors 
consisting of not more than 12 members appointed by the Capital Region 
jurisdictions and 1 member appointed by the Secretary.
    (c) Qualifications.--At least 2 members of the Board shall be 
elected officials each of whom represents a political subdivision that 
has jurisdiction over the area at an end of the Project crossing.
    (d) Failure To Appoint.--The failure of a Capital Region 
jurisdiction to appoint 1 or more members of the Board shall not impair 
the establishment of the Authority if the condition of the establishment 
described in section 405(b)(1) has been met.
    (e) Personal Liability of Members.--A member of the Board, including 
any nonvoting member, shall not be personally liable for--
            (1) any action taken in his or her capacity as a member of 
        the Board; or
            (2) any note, bond, or other financial obligation of the 
        Authority.

    (f) Residency Requirement.--Each member of the Board shall reside 
within a Capital Region jurisdiction.

SEC. 407. OWNERSHIP OF BRIDGE.

    (a) Conveyance by Secretary.--
            (1) In general.--After execution of the agreement under 
        subsection (c), the Secretary shall convey to the Authority all 
        right, title, and interest of the United States in and to the 
        Bridge, including such related riparian rights and interests in 
        land underneath the Potomac River as are necessary to carry out 
        the Project. Except as provided in paragraph (2), upon 
        conveyance by the Secretary, the Authority shall accept the 
        right, title, and interest in and to the Bridge and all duties 
        and responsibilities associated with the Bridge.
            (2) Interim responsibilities.--Until such time as the 
        Project is constructed and operational, the conveyance under 
        paragraph (1) shall not--
                    (A) relieve the Capital Region jurisdictions of the 
                sole and exclusive responsibility to maintain and 
                operate the Bridge; or
                    (B) relieve the Secretary of the responsibility to 
                rehabilitate the Bridge or to comply with the National 
                Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
                seq.) and all other requirements applicable with respect 
                to the Bridge.

    (b) Transfers of Jurisdiction.--For the purpose of making the 
conveyance under subsection (a), the Secretary of the Interior and the 
head of any other Federal department or agency that has jurisdiction 
over land under or adjacent to the Bridge shall transfer such 
jurisdiction to the Secretary.
    (c) Agreement.--
            (1) In general.--The agreement referred to in subsection (a) 
        is an agreement concerning the Project that is executed in 
        accordance with this subsection.
            (2) Submission to congress.--Not later than October 1, 1996, 
        the Secretary shall submit to Congress a proposed agreement 
        between the Secretary and the Signatories that specifies--
                    (A) the selected alternative, implementation 
                schedule, and costs of the Project;
                    (B) the Federal share of the costs of the activities 
                to be carried out as part of the Project, including, at 
                a minimum, a 100 percent Federal share of--
                          (i) the cost of the continuing rehabilitation 
                      of the Bridge until such time as the Project is 
                      constructed and operational;
                          (ii) an amount, as determined by the Woodrow 
                      Wilson Memorial Bridge Coordination Committee, 
                      equivalent to the cost of replacing the Bridge 
                      with a comparable modern bridge designed according 
                      to current engineering standards; and
                          (iii) the cost of planning, preliminary 
                      engineering and design, environmental studies and 
                      documentation, and final engineering for the 
                      Project; and
                    (C) the Federal share of the cost of activities to 
                be carried out as part of the project after September 
                30, 1997, will be reduced by amounts expended by the 
                United States for activities (other than environmental 
                studies and documentation) described in subparagraph 
                (B)(iii) in fiscal years 1996 and 1997.
            (3) Approval and execution of agreement.--After the 
        enactment of a Federal law approving an agreement described in 
        paragraph (2), the Secretary may execute the agreement.

SEC. 408. PROJECT PLANNING.

    The Secretary shall work with the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge 
Coordination Committee, or with the Authority consistent with the 
purpose of the Authority, to complete, at the earliest possible date, 
planning, preliminary engineering and design, environmental studies and 
documentation, and final engineering for the Project, consistent with 
the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) 
and other applicable Federal laws.
SEC. 409. ADDITIONAL POWERS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF AUTHORITY.

    In addition to the powers and responsibilities of the Authority 
under the other provisions of this title and under any interstate 
agreement or compact relating to the Authority that is consistent with 
this title, the Authority shall have all powers necessary and 
appropriate to carry out the duties of the Authority, including the 
power--
            (1) to adopt and amend any bylaw that is necessary for the 
        regulation of the affairs of the Authority and the conduct of 
        the business of the Authority;
            (2) to adopt and amend any regulation that is necessary to 
        carry out the powers of the Authority;
            (3) subject to section 407(a)(2), to plan, establish, 
        finance, operate, develop, construct, enlarge, maintain, equip, 
        or protect the facilities of the Project;
            (4) to employ, in the discretion of the Authority, such 
        personnel and agents as may be necessary to carry out the 
        purposes of the Authority (including consulting engineers, 
        attorneys, accountants, construction and financial experts, 
        superintendents, and managers) and to fix the compensation and 
        benefits of the employees and agents, except that--
                    (A) an employee of the Authority shall not engage in 
                an activity described in section 7116(b)(7) of title 5, 
                United States Code, with respect to the Authority; and
                    (B) an employment agreement entered into by the 
                Authority shall contain an explicit prohibition against 
                an activity described in subparagraph (A) with respect 
                to the Authority by an employee covered by the 
                agreement;
            (5) to acquire personal and real property (including land 
        lying under water and riparian rights), or any easement or other 
        interest in real property, by purchase, lease, gift, transfer, 
        or exchange;
            (6) to exercise such powers of eminent domain in the Capital 
        Region jurisdictions as are conferred on the Authority by the 
        Signatories, in the exercise of the powers and the performance 
        of the duties of the Authority;
            (7) to apply for and accept any property, material, service, 
        payment, appropriation, grant, gift, loan, advance, or other 
        fund that is transferred or made available to the Authority by 
        the Federal Government or by any other public or private entity 
        or individual;
            (8) to borrow money on a short-term basis and issue notes of 
        the Authority for the borrowing payable on such terms and 
        conditions as the Board considers advisable, and to issue long-
        term or short-term bonds in the discretion of the Authority for 
        any purpose consistent with this title, which notes and bonds--
                    (A) shall not constitute a debt of the United States 
                (or any political subdivision of the United States), or 
                a general obligation of a Capital Region jurisdiction 
                (or any political subdivision of a Capital Region 
                jurisdiction), unless consented to by the jurisdiction 
                or political subdivision; and
                    (B) may be secured solely by the general revenues of 
                the Authority, or solely by the income and revenues of 
                the Bridge or a new crossing of the Potomac River 
                constructed as part of the Project, or by other revenues 
                in the discretion of the Authority;
            (9) to fix, revise, charge, and collect any reasonable toll 
        or other charge;
            (10) to enter into any contract or agreement necessary or 
        appropriate to the performance of the duties of the Authority or 
        the proper operation of the Bridge or a new crossing of the 
        Potomac River constructed as part of the Project;
            (11) to make any payment necessary to reimburse a local 
        political subdivision having jurisdiction over an area where the 
        Bridge or a new crossing of the Potomac River is situated for 
        any extraordinary law enforcement cost incurred by the 
        subdivision in connection with the Authority facility;
            (12) to enter into partnerships or grant concessions between 
        the public and private sectors for the purpose of--
                    (A) financing, constructing, maintaining, improving, 
                or operating the Bridge or a new crossing of the Potomac 
                River constructed as part of the Project; or
                    (B) fostering development of a new transportation 
                technology;
            (13) to obtain any necessary Federal authorization, permit, 
        or approval for the construction, repair, maintenance, or 
        operation of the Bridge or a new crossing of the Potomac River 
        constructed as part of the Project;
            (14) to adopt an official seal and alter the seal, as the 
        Board considers appropriate;
            (15) to appoint 1 or more advisory committees;
            (16) to sue and be sued in the name of the Authority;
            (17) to carry out or contract with other entities to carry 
        out such maintenance of traffic activities during construction 
        of the Project as is considered necessary by the Authority to 
        properly manage traffic and minimize congestion, such as public 
        information campaigns, improvements designed to encourage 
        appropriate use of alternative routes, use of high occupancy 
        vehicles and transit services, and deployment and operation of 
        intelligent transportation technologies; and
            (18) to carry out any activity necessary or appropriate to 
        the exercise of the powers or performance of the duties of the 
        Authority under this title and under any interstate agreement or 
        compact relating to the Authority that is consistent with this 
        title, if the activity is coordinated and consistent with the 
        transportation planning process implemented by the metropolitan 
        planning organization for the Washington, District of Columbia, 
        metropolitan area under section 134 of title 23, United States 
        Code, and section 5303 of title 49, United States Code.

SEC. 410. FUNDING.

    Section 104 of title 23, United States Code, as amended by section 
337(f) of this Act, is amended by inserting before subsection (j), as 
redesignated by such section 337(f), the following:
    ``(i) Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge.--
            ``(1) Expenditure.--From any available administrative funds 
        deducted under subsection (a), the Secretary shall obligate such 
        sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 1996 and 1997 for 
        the rehabilitation of the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge and for 
        environmental studies and documentation, planning, preliminary 
        engineering and design, and final engineering for a new crossing 
        of the Potomac River as part of the Project, as defined by 
        section 404 of the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge Authority Act 
        of 1995.
            ``(2) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost of any 
        project funded with amounts expended under paragraph (1) shall 
        be 100 percent.''.

SEC. 411. AVAILABILITY OF PRIOR AUTHORIZATIONS.

    In addition to the funds made available under section 104(i) of 
title 23, United States Code, any funds made available for the 
rehabilitation of the Bridge under sections 1069(i) and 1103(b) of the 
Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2009 
and 2028) shall continue to be available after the conveyance under 
section 407(a) of the Bridge, in accordance with the terms under which 
the funds were made available under such sections 1069(i) and 1103(b).

    Approved November 28, 1995.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--S. 440 (H.R. 2274):

HOUSE REPORTS: No.. 104-246 accompanying H.R. 2274 (Comm. on 
Transportation and Infrastructure) and 104-345 (Comm. of Conference).
SENATE REPORTS: No. 104-86 (Comm. on Environment and Public Works).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 141 (1995):
            June 16, 19-22, considered and passed Senate.
            Sept. 20, H.R. 2274 considered and passed House; S. 440, 
                amended, passed in lieu.
            Nov. 17, Senate agreed to conference report.
            Nov. 18, House agreed to conference report.
WEEKLY COMPILATION OF PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS, Vol. 31 (1995):
            Nov. 28, Presidential statement.

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