• Sunset at Lake Mead's Boulder Basin

    Lake Mead

    National Recreation Area AZ,NV

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Hamblin-Cleopatra Volcano

hamblin-cleopatra

Along the north shore of Lake Mead exists an ancient volcano, long dormant but very intriguing. The Hamblin-Cleopatra Volcano (HCV) was once a large stratovolcano and now has split into three large sections due to earthquake faults in the area.

The volcano formed in the late Miocene time and through the years slowly split in half, and then parts of the Cleopatra section split again, separating the original volcano complex by twelve miles. The original volcano was more than 3,000 feet high and had a circular width of approximately eight miles. It’s formation was rapid.

Area Map


Hamblin-Cleo-Area-Map-SM
 

What is a Stratovolcano




 
volcano-cutaway-sm
Illustration by Anthony Ross
 

Originally the Hamlin-Cleopatra Volcano was a stratovolcano, which is the most common type. Other stratavolcanos are Mount Vesuvius in Italy, Mount St. Helens in Washington State, Mount Shasta in Northern California, and Mount Fuji in Japan.

 

History of Hamblin-Cleopatra


 
H&C-13-MYA-SM

Around 13 million years ago, Hamblin-Cleopatra were one large stratovolcano. The volcano sat on the Hamblin Bay Fault which ran right through the middle of the mountain, splitting it in two. For clarity the Hamblin Mountain portion is in light red, the Cleopatra portion in light green, and the Cleopatra split-off is colored grey.

 
H&C-Split-2-SM

Over the millions of years since the volcano has been active the movement of the Hamblin Bay Fault moved the Hamblin portion to the southwest and the Cleopatra terrain to the northeast. Another fault formed that split the Cleopatra lobe in two.

 
Three-Way-Split-3-SM

Currently the Cleopatra lobe is around 12 miles from the Hamblin Mountain lobe. You can see in the color coded USGS map below the distinct locations of the three parts of the Hamblin-Cleopatra Volcano as it is today (Dark Magenta color)

 
USGS_OF-2007-1010_SM
Thematic Geology Map of Hamblin-Cleopatra area.
Courtesy of USGS
 

Photo Gallery



References


 

Geologic Map by United States Geological Survey http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Prodesc/proddesc_81106.htm

DOI Paper, Large-Magnitude Late Tertiary Strike-Slip Faulting North Lake Mead, R Ernest Anderson. 1973

 

Did You Know?

Rattlesnake

Rattlesnakes bite about 1,000 people a year in the United States. Still, the risk of being killed by one is 20 times less than the risk of being struck by lightning.