• Sunset at Lake Mead's Boulder Basin

    Lake Mead

    National Recreation Area AZ,NV

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Bats of Lake Mead

Various species

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At least 19 species of bats have been found within Lake Mead NRA. Although widely known to live in caves, many species within the park also inhabit man-made environments, such as abandoned mines or tunnels. Most species of bats either hibernate in winter or migrate to warmer climates; however, the California leaf-nosed bat roosts in warmer caves or mines and is active all year. Bats feed at night and usually over open water, such as lakes, ponds or spring pools. Locally, diets consist entirely of arthropods, such as moths, mosquitoes, crickets, ants, beetles, and even scorpions.
 

Fast Facts


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Status and Threats


 
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None of the bat species found at Lake Mead NRA are federally listed as threatened or endangered. However, ten species are listed as species of concern. Current local threats include water developments, which may reduce spring flows and limit habitat, and disturbance of hibernating colonies by recreational activities. Emerging threats include proposed wind developments and White-Nose Syndrome (WNS). Wind farms are known to cause high rates of mortality among certain bat species, and the three species experiencing the highest rates of mortality are found at Lake Mead. WNS is a fungal infection first seen in New York in 2006 that is progressing west. WNS often kills up to 90 percent of colonies, and at least two species of bat found in the park are known to be susceptible. Since bats bear only one pup each year, there is potential for the disease to have devastating impacts.

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Protecting the Bat's Environment


 
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Photo Gallery


 

References


 

Bat Conservation International
http://www.batcon.org/

Bats of the United States.
Harvey, Michael J., J. Scott Atlenbach, and Troy L. Best. Arkansas Game and Fish Commission, 1999.

Southwest Regional Gap Analysis Project
http://fws-nmcfwru.nmsu.edu/swregap/default.htm

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Endandered Species Program
http://www.fws.gov/Endangered

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Information on White-Nose Syndrome
http://www.fws.gov/whitenosesyndrome/index.html

U.S. Geological Survey: Information on Effects of Windmills on Bats
http://www.fort.usgs.gov/batswindmills

Western Bat Working Group
http://www.wbwg.org/

Threat Level provided by the International Union for Conservation of Nature's (IUCN) Red List. http://www.iucnredlist.org/

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