Mammal List

Close up photo of a Canada Lynx standing in a forest with fall color.

Biologists have documented 37 species of terrestrial mammals living in Lake Clark, including the Canada lynx, pictured here.

JJ Mills

Lake Clark National Park and Preserve is home to healthy and wild populations of animals. Neither endangered nor invasive species have been document here.

Insectivora (Shrews)
Family Soricidae
1. Masked shrew (Sorex cinereus)
2. Montane (or dusky) shrew (Sorex monticolus)
3. Pygmy shrew (Sorex hoyi)
4. Tiny shrew (Sorex yukonicus)
5. Tundra shrew (Sorex tundrensis)
 
Chiroptera (Bats)
Family Vespertilionidae
6. Little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus)
 
Carnivora (Carnivores)
Family Canidae
7. Coyote (Canis latrans)
8. Wolf (Canis lupus) - generally roam below 5,000 feet in coniferous forests and in open tundra.
9. Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) - are found at almost any elevation, primarily in coniferous hardwood forests and open tundra.

Family Felidae
10. Lynx (Lynx canadensis) - are found at almost any elevation, primarily in coniferous hardwood forests and open tundra.

Family Mustelidae
11. Wolverine (Gulo gulo)
12. Northern river otter (Lontra canadensis)
13. American marten (Martes americana)
14. Ermine, or short-tailed weasel (Mustela erminea)
15. Least weasel (Mustela nivalis)
16. Mink (Mustela vison)

Family Ursidae
17. Black bear (Ursus americanus) -are present throughout the park and preserve except at higher elevations.
18. Brown (or grizzly) bear (Ursus arctos) - occur in all habitats, but the area along the park's Cook Inlet coast supports the most sizable concentrations.
 
Artiodactyla (Ungulates)
Family Cervidae
19. Moose (Alces alces) - the largest members of the deer family, are found below timerline.
20. Caribou (Rangifer tarandus) - remain primarily in the hills around Turquoise, Twin and Snipe lakes, and westward to the Bonanza hills.

Family Bovidae
21. Dall's sheep (Ovis dalli) - range at higher elevations all along the western flank of the Chigmit Mountains.
 
Rodentia (Rodents)
Family Sciuridae
22. Hoary marmot (Marmota caligata)
23. Arctic ground squirrel (Spermophilus parryii)
24. Red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

Family Castoridae
25. American beaver (Castor canadensis)

Family Dipodidae
26. Meadow jumping mouse (Zapus hudsonicus)

Family Muridae
27. Northern red-backed vole (Clethrionomys rutilus)
28. Northern collared lemming (Dicrostonyx groenlandicus)
29. Brown lemming (Lemmus trimucronatus)
30. Singing (or Alaska) vole (M. miurus)
31. Tundra vole (M. oeconomus)
32. Meadow vole (M. pennsylvanicus)
33. Muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus)
34. Northern bog lemming (Synaptomys borealis)

Family Erethizontidae
35. Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum)
 
Lagomorpha (Rabbits, hares and pikas)
Family Ochotonidae
36. Collared pika (Ochotona collaris)

Family Leporidae
37. Snowshoe hare (Lepus americana)
 
 

Viewing Wildlife Ethically - Take The Pledge!

The state of Alaska offers the following ethics guidelines. Pledge to uphold them and keep the wilderness wild!

  • Give wildlife plenty of space. Binoculars and spotting scopes allow you to view wildlife without getting too close.
  • Approach wildlife slowly, quietly, and indirectly. Always give animals an avenue for retreat.
  • Try to view animals without changing their behavior. Avoid using calls or devices that attract wildlife. Resist the temptation to throw rocks to see a flock fly. Remember - harassing wildlife is illegal.
  • Be respectful of nesting and denning areas, rookeries, and calving grounds. Well-meaning but intrusive visitors may cause parents to flee, leaving young vulnerable to the elements or predators.
  • Stay on designated trails whenever possible.
  • Leave "orphaned" or sick animals alone. Young animals that appear alone usually have parents waiting nearby.
  • Restrain pets or leave them at home. They may startle, chase, or even kill wildlife.
  • Let animals eat their natural foods.
  • Learn to recognize signs of alarm. These are sometimes subtle. Leave if an animal shows them.

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