"Where We Found A Whale" A History of Lake Clark National Park & Preserve
"What has survived above all is a sense of identity. The Alutiiq and Dena'ina suffered from forced acculturation under U.S. government policy, but many aspects of traditional culture survived, thanks to the stories passed from one generation to the next. They preserved tales of ancient heroes and mythic beings, ukgwepet--"our beliefs"--ties to the land, shared history and strong ties to the past...language, kinship, and subsistence."
By Brian Fagan
Setting the Stage: A Glacial Landscape, A Land of Two Worlds: The Interior, A Land of Two Worlds: The Coast, The Native People, The Archaeologists, The Tools at Hand
The First Settlers: First Settlement: By Land or Water?, When Was First Settlement?, Routes Southward, Paleoarctic Peoples: First Settlement in Southern Alaska
Exploiting the Shore: Early Maritime Settlement, Sea-Lion Hunters on Mink Island, Ocean Bay, The Kachemak Tradition, Lake Clark: The Remote Shore
The Alutiiqs: The "Real People", Reduced Mobility, A Culture of Specialists, The Whalers, Sea-Mammal Hunting, A Palimpsest of Ritual, People of Power
Tuxedni Rock Shelter: Archaeologists at Tuxedni, The Paintings, What Do the Paintings Mean?
Clam Cove: A Quest for Chronology, The South Wall Paintings, The West Wall Paintings, Who Painted Here?
Ancient Painters: Tuxedni and Clame Cove, Comparisons, Artists as Shamans
The Dena'ina: The Frontier Shifts, "The People", Fish, Game, and Plants, Winter and Summer, Chiefs and Shamans, Mapping and Land
Contact: Captain James Cook, Russian Fur Traders and the Alutiiqs, Meanwhile, in Cook Inlet..., Excavations at Kijik, "Our Beliefs"
Did You Know?
Lake Clark is 1056 feet deep and covers 128 square miles. Thousands of years ago, the lake (and nearby Lake Iliamna) may have been open to salt water before being closed off by glacial outwash deposits.