Lake Clark's First Settlers
Sometime after the close of the Last Great Ice Age, 14,000 years ago, the first human settlers came to the region that is now called Lake Clark National Park & Preserve.
The earliest hunters camped on knolls to watch for caribou while shaping and sharpening their tools. Archeologists sometimes find ancient tools in exposed, alpine areas; these are the fragile and scant evidence of prehistoric hunters.
Compared to these ancient finds, archeological sites that date to the last thousand years offer a wealth of information. The remains of houses, caches, fish racks, and other structures can often be found. Investigating these remains helps archeologists understand the daily life of prehistoric communities.
Did You Know?
Female caribou have antlers, but female moose do not. Male moose and all caribou shed their antlers in the late fall or early winter, and grow new antlers in the spring. Caribou and moose are the only two members of the deer family found in Lake Clark National Park and Preserve.