Chinitna Bay Prehistory
The Remote Shore: Land of Two Worlds
For at least 3,000 years, and probably much longer, the remote west shore of cook Inlet has been a place of gathering for fishing, clamming, sea mammal hunting and ritual.
Along this shore ancient cultures overlapped. People from inland Lake Clark country and those from across Cook Inlet came to hunt and gather food though neither group established large and long-term settlements here. Earlier this shore was a fluid cultural frontier between Lake Clark interior groups and maritime societies based in the Kodiak Island region.
Archaeologists have found settlements of one to eight dwellings scattered along the shore of Chinitna Bay. The largest site was briefly inhabited less than 300 years ago. These may have been the Dena'ina who paddled to the mouth of Chinitna Bay in May 1778 to meet Captain James Cook.
Chinitna Bay was home to seasonal camps and winter settlements. The remains of sod-covered houses dug partially underground, like this one to the left, may look like simple vegetation covered depressions but from them archaeologists can often piece together the story of family life and identify tools used, food eaten, and how long they were used. Each home has a central room with a hearth from which attached rooms for individual living space, sweatbaths, and food storage radiated.
Artifacts: A Legacy of Life
Artifacts are testaments to the rich heritage of our nation.
If you find artifacts: Note their location carefully
Take a photograph, if possible
Contact the land owner
Lake Clark National Park (907) 644-3640
Removal of artifacts from public land is prohibited by federal and state laws.
Did You Know?
The Snug Harbor Cannery off the coast of Lake Clark National Park and Preserve operated from 1919 to 1980. In its early years the cannery used fish traps, which were banned after Alaska gained statehood.