Field Trip Program

Captain Jack's Stonghold

Drawing of Modoc War

The Modoc War

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This program takes students through Captain Jack's Stronghold, a natural lava fortress that was one of the most important sites of the Modoc War. The hour-long program covers not only Modoc cultures, but also the events leading up to the conflict, victories and defeats on both sides, and the eventual outcome of this tragic war. Due to the narrow, enclosed nature of the Stronghold trail, groups of more than 30 are recommended to request multiple tours.


Angela Sutton


American Indian History and Culture, Military and Wartime History, Westward Expansion
National/State Standards:
California and Oregon
Field Trip Program