Curriculum Materials

Guide to the Earthlodge People

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  • Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site

    Three Affiliated Tribes History: Education and Spirituality

    Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site preserves and protects archeological, cultural and natural resources related to the Three Affiliated Tribes, Hidatsa, Mandan, and Arikara. This background reading focuses on the resilience of the Hidatsa, Mandan and Arikara and the progress they are making toward reestablishing their cultural identity through education and traditional spiritual beliefs.

    Type:
    Teacher Reference Materials
    Grade level:
    Middle School: Sixth Grade through Eighth Grade
    Subjects:
    Social Studies
  • Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site

    Housing: Activities in a Hidatsa Home

    This background reading includes information about different tribes and their respective  types of homes and lifestyles. 

    Type:
    Teacher Reference Materials
    Grade level:
    Middle School: Sixth Grade through Eighth Grade
    Subjects:
    Social Studies
  • Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site

    Subsistence: Tribal Nutrition and Health

    Changes in nutritional habits play an important role in overall health and well being. This material provides a cultural perspective on health conditions as a result of changes in diet and lifestyle.

    Type:
    Teacher Reference Materials
    Grade level:
    Middle School: Sixth Grade through Eighth Grade
    Subjects:
    Social Studies
  • Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site

    The People: Pre-1845

    This background reading material explores the history of the Three Affiliated Tribes from Pre-1845. It covers the Early Villages, Sacagawea, and other people of historic significance who visited the region and villages for exploration and trade.

    Type:
    Teacher Reference Materials
    Grade level:
    Upper Elementary: Third Grade through Fifth Grade
    Subjects:
    Social Studies
  • Picture of Chief Bad Gun (Son of Four Bears) Mandan Chief and Chief Four Dance Hidatsa

    This lesson explores the history of the Three Affiliated Tribes from Pre-1845.  Students will learn about Early Villages, Sacagawea, and other people of historic significance who visited the region and villages for exploration and trade.

    Students will create visual representations or graphic organizers that demonstrate connections among key concepts and ideas as concept maps.

    See the extensions for an example of a concept map.

    Type:
    Lesson Plan
    Grade level:
    Fourth Grade-Eighth Grade
    Subjects:
    History, Language Arts, Reading, Social Studies, Writing
  • Trading relations of the Mandan and Hidatsa Indians.

    In Economy and Trade:  Pre 1845, students will learn about trade relations between tribes prior to European contact and how their experience prepared them for success in dealing with explorers and traders after European contact by re-enacting trading as it was practiced at Knife River Villages. 

    Type:
    Lesson Plan
    Grade level:
    Fourth Grade-Eighth Grade
    Subjects:
    History, Language Arts, Reading, Writing
  • Parfleche, porcupine quills, burden basket

    Many arts and crafts of the Hidatsa served a utilitarian purpose such as parfleches, which were multipurpose cases made of rawhide, and burdon baskets that could carry large amounts of much needed items like vegetables.  In this lesson, students will explore how burdon baskets and parfleches were made then construct, make and decorate a replica parfleche. 

    Type:
    Lesson Plan
    Grade level:
    Fourth Grade-Eighth Grade
    Subjects:
    American Indian History and Culture, Anthropology, Archaeology, Art, Community, Family Life
  • Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site

    Housing:  Early Homes

    Phases of earth lodge construction NPS Sketch

    Students will gain deeper understanding about earth lodge construction by visualizing life in a Hidatsa village through guided imagery and by viewing the building an earth lodge video.  They will have an opportunity to design and build their own replica earth lodge. 

    Type:
    Lesson Plan
    Subjects:
    History, Language Arts, Reading, Writing
    Keywords:
    earth lodge, fire-pit, stringer posts, rafter poles, smoke hole, bull boat, willows, extended family
  • Image of Hidatsa woman on a hilltop.

    Students will learn how the Treaty at Fort Laramie established a territory for the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara (MHA) and how that land base was reduced through the Allotment Act of 1887.  They will also gain understanding about how the Garrison Dam impacted the lives of the Three Affiliated Tribes (TAT) and forced them to relocate to what is now the Fort Berthold Reservation.

    Type:
    Lesson Plan
    Grade level:
    Fourth Grade-Eighth Grade
    Subjects:
    History, Language Arts, Reading, Writing
    Keywords:
    1851 Treaty of Fort Laramie, General Allotment Act of 1887, Subsistence economy, commodities
  • Section 2 - Clues to the Past

    This section is designed to be taught prior to visiting the park.  Teaching this section as a unit prior to the other lessons will prepare students to assimilate more easily information from the rest of the guide.

    Type:
    Curricula
    Grade level:
    Third Grade-Eighth Grade
    Subjects:
    American Indian History and Culture, Anthropology, Archaeology, Geography, Linguistics, Social Studies
    National/State Standards:
    History, People in Societies, Acquisition of Language, Geography, Social Studies Skills & Methods, Oral & Visual Communication,
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