Guide to the Earthlodge People
Hidatsas and Mandans made tools, housewares, clothing, toys, and musical instruments from things that were available nearby or sometimes farther off if the material was important in the production of the item. In this lesson, students will tell a story by designing a buffalo robe like people did during Knife River Village days and they will discuss and portray how people might describe the life-ways of today one hundred years from the present using their media of choice.
For the Hidatsa, transportation provided a means of moving from place to place as necessary, and a way to gather the resources needed for trade and community well-being.
Students will know that different tribes had different types of homes and lifestyles. They will learn about life in an earth lodge from Wahanee and have an opportunity to visit an earth lodge at Knife River and to design and build a replica tipi.
Students will learn how men contributed to the dietary needs of the people living at Knife River Indian Villages through hunting, trapping, fishing and foraging through reading and discussion, graphic organization utilizing the KWL (Know/Want to Know/Learned model and through dramatization in song or skit writing.
This lesson focusses on the resilience of the Hidatsa, Mandan and Arikara and the progress they are making toward reestablishing their cultural identity through education and traditional spiritual beliefs.
Many arts and crafts of the Hidatsa served a utilitarian purpose such as parfleches, which were multipurpose cases made of rawhide, and burdon baskets that could carry large amounts of much needed items like vegetables. In this lesson, students will explore how burdon baskets and parfleches were made then construct, make and decorate a replica parfleche.
Students will roleplay a discussion about how to use natural resources from different perspectives.
Students will learn how women shaped the lives and livelihoods of the tribes living at Knife River Indian Villages through agricultural practices and trade by reading and discussion, graphic organization utilizing the KWL (Know/Want to Know/Learned) model and through experiential learning.
Students will learn how the Treaty at Fort Laramie established a territory for the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara (MHA) and how that land base was reduced through the Allotment Act of 1887. They will also gain understanding about how the Garrison Dam impacted the lives of the Three Affiliated Tribes (TAT) and forced them to relocate to what is now the Fort Berthold Reservation.
In Economy and Trade: Pre 1845, students will learn about trade relations between tribes prior to European contact and how their experience prepared them for success in dealing with explorers and traders after European contact by re-enacting trading as it was practiced at Knife River Villages.