Lesson Plan

Arts Crafts Clothing and Appearance Parfleche, Quillwork, Basketry

Parfleche, porcupine quills, burden basket
Parfleche, porcupine quills, burden basket
NPS Sketch

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Grade Level:
Fourth Grade-Eighth Grade
Subject:
American Indian History and Culture, Anthropology, Archaeology, Art, Community, Family Life
Duration:
45-60 Minutes
Group Size:
Up to 24
Setting:
classroom
National/State Standards:
ND State Standards:  Social Studies: Fourth Grade 4.2.2, 4.2.3, 4.2.4, 4.2.5, 4.2.6, 4.2.7, 4.2.8, 4.2.9, 4.2.10, 4.2.11, 4.3.2, 4.5.1, 4.5.3, 4.5.4, 4.6.1, 4.6.2, 4.5.6 Eighth Grade 8.1.1 ,8.1.2

Overview

Many arts and crafts of the Hidatsa served a utilitarian purpose such as parfleches, which were multipurpose cases made of rawhide, and burdon baskets that could carry large amounts of much needed items like vegetables.  In this lesson, students will explore how burdon baskets and parfleches were made then construct, make and decorate a replica parfleche. 

Objective(s)

Identify three arts and crafts from the Mandan,Hidatsa, and Arikara tribes.

Describe parfleche containers; how they are made and decorated and what they are used for.

Construct and decorate a replica parfleche container.



Background

Students will gain hands on experience in making and decorating parfleche containers. The emphasis moves away from abstractl text analysis toward real world application.



Materials

Student background information

Directions for parfleche construction and decoration

Parfleche Patterns

Sacred Beauty, Quillwork of Plains Women Me Ecci Aashi Awadi (Trunk Item)



Procedure

Step1

Ask students to read the provided background material and answer the following question in their journal.

 

What are parfleche containers, and how are they made and decorated, and what are they used for?

 

Step2

Inform the students that many of indigenous designs are geometric or represent nature through flowers or animals. Although plains tribes had similar designs, some designs were specific to individuals and families; they were expressions of their individuality and interpretation of beauty.

 

Step3

Tell students that today you will create a design to draw that best represents you. Things for students to think about include: What is something that means a lot to you? What is something in the present time that you find pleasing to look at?

 

Step4

Have students design or draw their personal design using whatever medium you choose and have them explain why it is their design.

 

Step5

Students will choose a parfleche pattern and instructions to create their own replica parfleche container.

Assessment

Students will be able to describe their personal design.

Students will have a model parfleche completed and be able to explain how it was made and decorated along with how it was used.



Park Connections

Many arts and crafts of the Hidatsa served a utilitarian purpose such as parfleches, which were multipurpose cases made of rawhide, and burdon baskets that could carry large amounts of much needed items like vegetables. While they were often highly decorated, these were necessary adaptations and solutions to living in the environmental conditions of the Northern Prairies at the Knife River Villages.



Extensions

On-Site

Look at the displays at Knife Riverand chose a specific piece. Take notes describing it in detail. You may sketch it if it will help you. Draw designs and indicate colors. What is the use for the item? Is the medium beadwork, quillwork, paint, tanned leather, other, or a combination? What interested you to choose this piece and how do you think and/or feel when you look at it?

 

Post-Visit

Choose an art project from the following and make it.

Burden Basket ("Way to Independence"pg. 34) Make one out of sticks and construction paper.

Pottery

Clothing

Parfleche. Use paper and colored pencils, crayons, markers or paint to decorate.

 



Vocabulary

Parfleche, whipstiched, quillwork, societies, burden basket, weaver