• Artist rendering of Pioneer Square during Klondike Gold Rush

    Klondike Gold Rush - Seattle Unit

    National Historical Park Washington

HARD DRIVE TO THE KLONDIKE: PROMOTING SEATTLE DURING THE GOLD RUSH: Footnotes for Chapter Two

Selling Seattle




 

1 Murray Morgan, Skid Road: An Informal Portrait of Seattle (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1982), p. 5.

2 "Centered in Seattle," The Seattle Post-Intelligencer, July 25, 1897, p. 1; David V. Clarridge, A Ton of Gold: The Seattle Gold Rush, 1897-1898 (Seattle, c. 1972), p. 15.

3 The Trade Register, December Trade Summary, 1898, p. 28. See also Archie Satterfield, "He Sold the Klondike," The Seattle Times Magazine, January 2, 1972, p. 10.

4 Victoria Hartwell Livingston, "Erastus Brainerd: The Bankruptcy of Brilliance," Master's Thesis, University of Washington, 1967, pp. 128 and 3.

5 Livingston, "Erastus Brainerd: The Bankruptcy of Brilliance," pp. 4-7.

6 Livingston, "Erastus Brainerd: The Bankruptcy of Brilliance," pp. 13 and 127.

7 Satterfield, "He Sold the Klondike," p. 10.

8 Livingston, "Erastus Brainerd: The Bankruptcy of Brilliance," p. 28-29.

9 "Seattle, 'The Queen City,'" Advertisement, Erastus Brainerd Scrapbooks, University of Washington, A1698.

10 "Seattle Opens the Gate to the Klondike Gold Fields," The Seattle Post-Intelligencer, October 13, 1897, p. 1.

11 Jeannette Paddock Nichols, "Advertising and the Klondike," The Western Historical Quarterly 13 (January 1972), pp. 22-23; Mark R. Shipley, "The Impact of the Klondike Gold Rush on Seattle," Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park Library, Seattle, n.p.

12 Erastus Brainerd, "Seattle's Outlook," The Argus, December 18, 1897, p. 1.

13 Satterfield, "He Sold the Klondike," p. 10.

14 "Is Advertising Seattle," The Seattle Daily Times [?], p. 8.

15 Satterfield, "He Sold the Klondike," p. 10.

16 Erastus Brainerd, General Letter to Organizations, November 20, 1897, Erastus Brainerd Scrapbooks, University of Washington, A1698.

17 Livingston, "Erastus Brainerd: The Bankruptcy of Brilliance," pp. 29-30.

18 Satterfield, "He Sold the Klondike," p. 10.

19 Erastus Brainerd, Circular, Seattle Chamber of Commerce, October 1, 1897, Erastus Brainerd Scrapbooks, University of Washington, A1698; Livingston, "Erastus Brainerd: The Bankruptcy of Brilliance," p. 29.

20 George L. Gordon, Letter to Bureau of Information, n.d., Erastus Brainerd Scrapbooks, University of Washington, A1698.

21 James Q. Robeson [illegible], Letter to Erastus Brainerd, October 18, 1897, Erastus Brainerd Scrapbooks, University of Washington, A1698.

22 Letter to Erastus Brainerd from Omaha, n.d., Erastus Brainerd Scrapbooks, University of Washington, A1698.

23 Livingston, "Erastus Brainerd: The Bankruptcy of Brilliance," p. 32.

24 Livingston, "Erastus Brainerd: The Bankruptcy of Brilliance," p. 32.

25 Satterfield, "He Sold the Klondike," p. 10.

26 "A Heavy Modern Exodus," The Seattle Daily Times, February 17, 1898, p. 5.

27 Shipley, "The Impact of the Klondike Gold Rush on Seattle," n.p. See also The Trade Register, December Trade Summary, 1898, p. 28.

28 Livingston, "Erastus Brainerd: The Bankruptcy of Brilliance," pp. 33-34.

29 Larry Rumley, "When Gold Poured Into Seattle From the North," The Seattle Times, May 1, 1966, pp. 14-15.

30 Rumley, "When Gold Poured Into Seattle From the North," pp. 14-15.

31 George Edward Adams, "Where the Klondike Gold is Valued," The Cosmopolitan 28 (1900), p. 425.

32 Seattle Chamber of Commerce Report, 1898, n.p., Erastus Brainerd Scrapbooks, University of Washington, A1698; "The Assay Office," The Seattle Daily Times, December 22, 1900, p. 1..

33 Sharon A. Boswell and Lorraine McConaghy, Raise Hell and Sell Newspapers: Alden J. Blethen and The Seattle Times (Pullman: Washington State University Press, 1996), p. 110.

34 Livingston, "Erastus Brainerd: The Bankruptcy of Brilliance," pp. 34, 48, and 125.

35 "Erastus Brainerd, Former Seattle Editor, is Dead," The Seattle Post-Intelligencer, December 26, 1922, p. 1.

36 Livingston, "Erastus Brainerd: The Bankruptcy of Brilliance," Foreword.

37 Livingston, "Erastus Brainerd: The Bankruptcy of Brilliance," p. 127.

38 William C. Speidel, Sons of the Profits (Seattle: Nettle Creek Publishing Company, 1967), p. 313.

39 "The Passenger Rush," Seattle Daily Times, July 23, 1897, p. 1.

40 John Bonner, "The Competition for the Klondike," Leslie's Weekly (December 30, 1897), p. 444.

41 Kathryn Taylor Morse, "The Nature of Gold: An Environmental History of the Alaska/Yukon Gold Rush," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Washington, 1997, p. 327.

42 Alaskan Trade Committee Advertisement, Erastus Brainerd Scrapbooks, University of Washington A1698.

43 Alexander Norbert MacDonald, "Seattle's Economic Development, 1880-1910," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Washington, 1959, p. 136.

44 Bruce Merrell, "'A Wild and Discouraging Mess': John Muir Reports on the Klondike Gold Rush," Alaska History 7 (Fall 1990).

45 San Francisco Pamphlet, provided by Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park Library, Seattle.

46 "San Francisco After It," The Seattle Daily Times, November 5, 1897, p. 5.

47 "San Francisco After It," p. 5.

48 Seattle Chamber of Commerce, Annual Report, 1897, p. 66, Erastus Brainerd Scrapbooks, University of Washington, A1698.

49 Terrence Cole, Personal Communication, September 22, 1998.

50 Glenn G. Boyer, editor, I Married Wyatt Earp: The Recollections of Josephine Sarah Marcus Earp (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1981), p. 159.

51 Archie Satterfield, Klondike Park: From Seattle to Dawson City (Golden, Colorado: Fulcrum Publishing), p. 43.

52 Bonner, "The Competition for the Klondike Trade," p. 444.

53 "Portland is After It," The Seattle Times, September 28, 1897.

54 "Portland is After It."

55 Shipley, "The Impact of the Klondike Gold Rush on Seattle," p. 12.

56 E. Kimbark MacColl, The Shaping of a City: Business and Politics in Portland, Oregon, 1885-1915 (Portland, Oregon: The Georgian Press Company, 1976), pp. 215-217. See also E. Kimbark MacColl, Merchants, Money and Power: The Portland Establishment, 1843-1913 (Portland, Oregon: The Georgian Press, 1988), pp. 335-336.

57 Jonas A. Jonasson, "Portland and the Alaska Trade," The Pacific Northwest Quarterly 30 (April 1939), p. 144. See also Earl Pomeroy, The Pacific Slope: A History of California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Utah, and Nevada (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1965), pp. 138-139.

58 Murray Morgan, Puget's Sound: A Narrative of Early Tacoma and the Southern Sound (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1979), p. 299.

59 "No Craze Here," The Tacoma Daily News, p. 2.

60 "Purchase in Tacoma," The Tacoma Daily News, July 28, 1897, n.p., vertical file, Alaska Gold Rush, Tacoma Public Library.

61 "A Perturbed Spirit," The Tacoma Daily News, July 29, 1897, p. 2.

62 Quoted in "The Seattle Spirit," The Tacoma Daily News, July 28, 1897.

63 "Tacomans Should Advertise," August, 1897 [title of article, newspaper, date, and page number illegible], vertical file, Alaska Gold Rush, Tacoma Public Library.

64 "Ho! For Alaska," n.d., n.p., vertical file, Alaska Gold Rush, Tacoma Public Library.

65 Morgan, Puget's Sound: A Narrative of Early Tacoma and the Southern Sound, pp. 299-300.

66 "Tacoma Has Given Up," The Seattle Daily Times, September 28, 1897, p. 3.

67 Tacoma: The Gateway to the Klondike, 1897, Washington State Historical Society, Tacoma.

68 Tacoma Souvenir, n.d., n.p., Washington State Historical Society, Tacoma.

69 Klondike Advertisement, Erastus Brainerd Scrapbooks, University of Washington, A1698.

70 "Tacoma: The Gateway to the Klondike," The Tacoma Daily News, December 14, 1897, p. 1.

71 Morgan, Puget's Sound: A Narrative of Early Tacoma and the Southern Sound, p. 301.

72 Personal Communication, Alfred Runte, May 23, 1998.

73 Juneau: The Great Outfitting Point, Erastus Brainerd Scrapbooks, University of Washington, A1698; Richard P. Emanual, "The Golden Gamble." Alaska Geographic 24 (1997), p. 23.

74 Morse, "The Nature of Gold: An Environmental History of the Alaska/Yukon Gold Rush," p. 362.

75 "Vigorous Action," The Morning Leader, August 4, 1897, p. 1.

76 "Merchants Lose," The Morning Leader, July 23, 1897, p. 1.

77 "For Klondike and Northern Goldfields!," The Morning Leader, August 4, 1897, p. 4.

78 E.J. White, Directory, Port Townsend and Hadlock (Seattle: Metropolitan Printing & Binding Company, 1897), n.p., The Richard F. McCurdy Historical Research Library, Jefferson County Historical Society Museum, Port Townsend.

79 Alexander Norbert MacDonald, "Seattle's Economic Development, 1880-1910," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Washington, 1959, p. 135.

80 See, for example, "Whatcom Placer Mines Rival the Klondike," Bellingham Bay Reveille, November 19, 1897, p. 9, and "C.I. Roth in Klondike," Bellingham Bay Reveille, December 3, 1897, p. 7.

81 See, for example, Vancouver News-Advertiser, September 8, 1897, p. 5; Nichols, "Advertising and the Klondike," p. 24.

82 Alexander Norbert MacDonald, "Seattle, Vancouver, and the Klondike," The Canadian Historical Review (September 1968), p. 236.

83 Tapan Adney, The Klondike Stampede (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1900), pp. 12-13.

84 Nichols, "Advertising and the Klondike," pp. 24-25.

85 MacDonald, "Seattle, Vancouver, and the Klondike," pp. 241-243.

86 MacDonald, "Seattle, Vancouver, and the Klondike," p. 238. See also Report of the Vancouver Board of Trade, 1896-1897, City of Vancouver Archives, p. 32.

87 MacDonald, "Seattle, Vancouver, and the Klondike," pp. 245-246.

88 "The Clondyke Excitement," Vancouver News-Advertiser July 28, 1897, p. 5.

89 Dianne Newell, "The Importance of Information and Misinformation in the Making of the Klondike Gold Rush," Journal of Canadian Studies 21 (Winter 1986-1987), p. 103.

90 Pierre Berton, Klondike: The Last Great Gold Rush, 1896-1899, revised edition (Toronto, Ontario: McClelland & Stewart, Inc. 1997), p. xiii-xviii.

91 The Illustrated London News, August 14, 1897, p. 2, British Library, London.

92 Terrence Cole, "Klondike Visions: Dreams of a Promised Land," p. 92.

93 See, for example, Erastus Brainerd's circular quoted in Victoria Hartwell Livingston, "Erastus Brainerd: The Bankruptcy of Brilliance," p. 30.

94 Joseph LaDue, Klondyke Facts: Being a Complete Guide Book to the Great Gold Regions of the Yukon and Klondyke in the North West Territories (Montreal: John Lovell and Son, c.1897), p. 21; "All Canadian Route Worthless," The Seattle Post-Intelligencer, March 16, 1898, p. 18.

95 See, for example, Vancouver News-Advertiser, July 28, 1897, p. 4.

96 MacDonald, "Seattle, Vancouver, and the Klondike," p. 245; Personal Communication with Terrence Cole, March 1, 1998. See also Paula Mitchell Marks, Precious Dust: The American Gold Rush Era, 1848-1900 (New York: William Morrow Company, 1994), p. 125.

97 Charlene L. Porsild, "Culture, Class and Community: New Perspectives on the Klondike Gold Rush, 1896-1905," Ph.D. dissertation, Carleton University, Canada, 1994, pp. 48-52.

98 Morse, "The Nature of Gold: An Environmental History of the Alaska/Yukon Gold Rush," p. 328.

99 "Seattle's Enemies Busy," The Seattle Daily Times, September 24, 1897, p. 5.

100 The Trade Register, August 21, 1897, p. 22; The Trade Register, September 18, 1897, p. 24.

101 The Trade Register, August 21, 1897, p. 22.

 
 

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