Active Bee Swarms on Pali Trail
Bee hives and swarms have been observed in the vicinity of switchback 26 on the Pali (cliff) Trail. Additional hives may be along the trail. Hikers should be observant of their surroundings and exercise caution.
Coral Reef Studies and Products
The park’s recent marine and freshwater reports include, in part:
Beets, J., E. Brown, and A. Friedlander. 2006. Inventory of marine vertebrate species and fish-habitat utilization patterns in coastal waters off four National Parks in Hawai’i. USDI National Park Service, Inventory and Monitoring Program, Pacific Island Network. Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, HI. 55 pp.
Brasher, Anne M. 1996. Monitoring the Distribution and Abundance of Native Gobies (‘o’opu) in Waikolu and Pelekunu Streams on the Island of Molokai. Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit Techn. Report 113. U of Hawaii, Manoa. View or download PDF file (scroll down list to Report #).
Brasher, Anne M. 1997. Life History Characteristics of the Native Hawaiian Stream Snail Neritina granosa (hihiwai). Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit Techn. Report 114. U of Hawaii, Manoa. View or download PDF file (scroll down list to Report #).
Brasher, Anne M. 1997. Habitat Use by Fish (‘o’opu), Snails (hihiwai), Shrimp (‘opae) and Prawns in Two Streams on the Island of Molokai. Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit Techn. Report 116. U of Hawaii, Manoa. View or download PDF file (scroll down list to Report #).
Brown, E., D. Minton, R. Daniel, F. Klasner, L. Basch, A. Snyder, P. Craig, G. Dicus, K. DeVerse, and T. Jones. 2006. Benthic Marine Community Vital Sign Monitoring Protocol – Pacific Island Network. Natural Resource Report NPS/PWR/PACN/NRTR—2006/001. National Park Service, Oakland, California. 297 pp.
Ford, J. I. and A. R. Yuen. 1988. Natural History of Pelekunu Stream and Its Tributaries, Island of Molokai, Hawaii, Part 1. Summary report prepared for The Nature Conservancy of Hawaii.
Friedlander, A.M., G. Aeby, E. Brown, A. Clark, S. Coles, S. Dollar, C. Hunter, P. Jokiel, J. Smith, B. Walsh, I. Williams, and W. Wiltse (2005) The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the Main Hawaiian Islands. pp. 222-269. In: J. Waddell (ed.), The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2005. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 11. NOAA/NCCOS Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment’s Biogeography Team. Silver Spring, MD. 522 pp.
Godwin, Scott, and Holly Bollick. 2006. Inventory of intertidal and shallow subtidal marine invertebrate at Kalaupapa National Historic Park Moloka‘i, Hawai‘i. The Bishop Museum Contribution No. 2006-003 to the Hawaii Biological Survey for the National Park Service. 58 pp.
Hughes, Guy, and Maria Carnevale. 2004. Protocol development assessing Opihi (Cellana spp.) genetics and population structure. Draft NPS report.
Kay, E. Allison, Christopher E. Bird, Brenden S. Holland, and Celia M. Smith., 2005. Growth Rates, Reproductive Cycles, and Population Genetics of Opihi from the National Parks in the Hawaiian Islands. 12 pp.
Kinzie, R. A. III, A. M. Brasher and G. Smith. 1990. Reconnaissance Survey of Waikolu Stream. Report prepared for the Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. U. of Hawaii, Manoa 127 pp.
Minton, Dwayne, and Maria Carnevale. 2004. A preliminary survey of the marine and intertidal invertebrates at Kalaupapa National Historical Park (Molokai, Hawaii). Report submitted to Kalaupapa National Historical Park, Natural Resources Division. 56 pp.
Tissot, B. 1998. Changes in the marine habitat and biota of Pelekane Bay, Hawai`i , over a 20-year period. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Office, Honolulu, HI. Technical Report.
Did You Know?
Sea cliffs rising two thousand feet above the peninsula and ocean separate Kalaupapa from the rest of the island of Moloka'i. In 1972 this area was designated as the North Shore Cliffs National Natural Landmark, recognized as a significant example of sea cliffs in the nation's natural heritage.