Active Bee Swarms on Pali Trail
Bee hives and swarms have been observed in the vicinity of switchback 26 on the Pali (cliff) Trail. Additional hives may be along the trail. Hikers should be observant of their surroundings and exercise caution.
Hansen's Disease Treatment
In 1873, the year Father Damien arrived at Kalawao, a Dr. Gerhard Armauer Hansen in Norway made a breakthrough discovery. He identified the cause of leprosy—a bacillus known today as Mycobacterium leprae. This bacillus caused severe damage to nerves, skin and eyes. Patients suffered from a loss of feeling and muscle paralysis, most often in their feet and hands.
Over the years many “cures” were identified and tested. Hawai`i was the focus for much of this research, especially when the federal government built an entire facility, the US Leprosy Investigation Station at Kalawao, devoted to finding a cure for the disease. Despite the promise of Goto baths, chaulmoogra oil and other treatments, a real cure wasn’t discovered until the 1940s when sulfone drugs were developed at the US Public Health Service National Leprosarium in Carville, Louisiana.
Did You Know?
Over 8000 people were sent to the Kalaupapa peninsula from 1866 to 1969, exiled from the rest of Hawaiian society. More...