Active Bee Swarms on Pali Trail
Bee hives and swarms have been observed in the vicinity of switchback 26 on the Pali (cliff) Trail. Additional hives may be along the trail. Hikers should be observant of their surroundings and exercise caution.
Why does Kalaupapa settlement remind people of "old" Hawai`i? Why does its appearance reflect an earlier time? The answer may lie in the settlement’s scenic natural landscape and in its cultural landscape. These provide both the large backdrop and the small detail for Kalaupapa’s historic appearance.
A cultural landscape reflects human adaptation and use of natural resources. At Kalaupapa, this can be seen in the way Hawaiians organized and divided the land into ahupua`a. It can be seen in the Board of Health’s expansion plans and building layout. Over the years, decisions were made whether to use land for cattle grazing or growing taro, or for building racetracks and baseball fields. A look at Kalaupapa’s road system reveals how people moved around on the land to connect with the pali trail, airport, and Kalawao. The types of structures built in the settlement—religious, administrative, recreational, and housing—also contribute to its appearance.
In looking at Kalaupapa’s cultural landscape, several characteristics and features are recognized easily. These characteristics and features are usually associated with events or trends in Kalaupapa’s history. For instance, there are numerous groves of coconut palm trees throughout the settlement. These were planted in common use areas and around major structures in the 1930s, during a period of rebuilding and infrastructure improvements. Today they provide shade and beauty.
Kalaupapa, with its coconut palms, flowering vegetation, vernacular Hawaiian architecture and stone walls, all within a setting of ocean and sea cliffs, is a beautiful place. At first glance, it looks like paradise. But with a knowledgeable, longer look, Kalaupapa’s cultural landscape also illustrates its history as a place of "exile" in paradise.
Did You Know?
Mother Marianne Cope nursed those suffering from leprosy in Hawai'i for 35 years. She arrived at Kalaupapa in 1888. Her philosophy of personal dignity in the face of death came almost a century before its adoption as the foundation of the hospice movement.