• View of the Kalaupapa Peninsula

    Kalaupapa

    National Historical Park Hawai'i

Architectural Landmarks of Kalaupapa

Bayview.
Bayview.
NPS photo.
 
Bayview.

Bayview.

NPS photo.

Bayview, a complex that originally included housing and a dining hall for infirm patients, is one of the settlement’s most elaborate expressions of the plantation style. It consists of two large detached buildings and three buildings joined by covered porches. Large intersecting hipped roofs with louvered gablets, deep roof overhangs with bracketed eaves, and sweeping verandas with decorative porch posts and diamond-pattern railings are the distinguishing features.
 
Bayview.

Bayview.

NPS photo.

Today Bayview has been restored
 
McVeigh Home.

McVeigh Home.

NPS photo

McVeigh Home, named for a popular superintendent, it is the most intensively developed site in the community.
 
McVeigh Home.

McVeigh Home.

NPS photo

McVeigh is the most recent and least altered complex in Kalaupapa.
 
McVeigh Home.

McVeigh Home.

NPS photo.

The late 1920s-early 1930s era complex includes two 11-room dormitories, a kitchen-dining room facility, a central recreation pavilion and 24 cottages of varying sizes.
 
Paschoal Hall.

Paschoal Hall.

NPS photo.

The largest historic structure in the town is Paschoal Hall, with 6,100 square feet of interior space. It has a massive hipped roof, with overhanging bracketed eaves and vertical plank siding. Built in 1916, the hall served as the community center and movie theater and holds fond memories for long-time residents. The National Park Service recently restored the building.
 
St. Francis Catholic Church.

St. Francis Catholic Church.

NPS photo.

St. Francis Catholic Church is prominently located directly across from the historic landing where barges continue to dock as they did throughout the century.
 
Detail of St. Francis Church.

Detail of St. Francis Church.

NPS photo

St. Francis was built in 1908 and is of masonry construction with Gothic windows and a rear tower.
 
St. Francis Church window.

St. Francis Church window.

NPS photo.

The church spire blends with the tall coconut palms to define Kalaupapa’s distinctive skyline.
 
Kanaana Hou United Chruch of Christ.

Kanaana Hou United Chruch of Christ.

NPS photo

Kanaana Hou United Church of Christ is equally impressive.
 
Detail of the Kanaana Hou Church.

Detail of the Kanaana Hou Church.

NPS photo.

The frame church dates to 1915 and has interesting plantation style detailing both on the interior and exterior.
 
The Moloka'i Light.

The Moloka'i Light.

NPS photo.

Although not part of the settlement proper, the Moloka`i Light is closely tied to the history of the peninsula and the Hawaiian Islands. This lighthouse guided westbound ships into Honolulu harbor on O`ahu. Built near the tip of the peninsula, the concrete tower with its second order Fresnel lens opened in 1909 and is 138 feet in height, the tallest US lighthouse in the Pacific Ocean. Today the light is automated and is maintained by the US Coast Guard.
 
Click here to see a Quicktime VR panoramic of the lighthouse and other views of Kalaupapa
 

Kalaupapa is not the bustling town it once was earlier in the century. As the population has declined, so has the number of buildings. Weather, fire, and insect infestations take their toll on unoccupied buildings. The two Baldwin Homes, the US Leprosy Investigation Station, and much of the Bishop Home are all gone. Despite the losses, the historic focus and character of the community is still clearly visible.

Kalaupapa Leprosy Settlement was recognized in 1976 for the significance of its archeology, history, and architecture when it was listed as a national historic landmark on the National Register of Historic Places. This is the highest designation the federal government can bestow on an historic property

Did You Know?

Kauhako Crater

About 230,000 years ago a small shield volcano named Pu'u 'Uao formed the flat Kalaupapa peninsula. The rim of the volcano remnant rises 450 feet forming Kauhako Crater with a crater lake at the bottom more than 800 feet deep.