Below is a partial list of the historic and cultural sites along the 1,200-mile Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail in 20 counties of Arizona and California. Each site is independently operated. Hours, fees, and use rules vary. Contact individual sites for details.
Visit Web de Anza
to read more diary entries from the Anza Expedition.
Santa Cruz County
Las Lagunas de Anza Wetland
"At three in the afternoon [we] halted at the place called Las Lagunas, having traveled some eight long leagues." Diary of Pedro Font, Oct. 14, 1775
(Anza Trail Certified Site*)
Las Laguas de Anza, a privately managed wetland, was restored by the Santa Fe Ranch Foundation. This site served as campsite #13 for the Anza Expedition.
Tumacácori National Historical Park
1891 East Frontage Rd.
Tumacacori, AZ 85640
This site reveals the Native, Spanish, and other cultures that have inhabited the Santa Cruz River Valley.
Tubac Presidio State Historic Park and Museum
1 Burruel Street
Tubac, AZ 85646
"The people, pack-animals, horses, and cattle which were to go on the expedition were finally gathered together -- the different numbers of these I do not set down, as I did not succeed in ascertaining them -- and it was determined to continue the journey on the following day." Diary of Pedro Font, Oct. 22, 1775
Anza served as commander of the Tubac Presidio, and this site was the formal launching point for the Anza Expedition.
Historic Hacienda de la Canoa
"This night the wife of a soldier...died in childbirth, and the next day was taken to the mission of San Xavier del Bac for burial." Diary of Pedro Font, Oct. 23, 1775
5375 S. I-19 Frontage Road
Green Valley, AZ
María Pinuelas, the lone fatality of the Anza Expedition, perished after giving birth at this site, just one day after the expedition's departure from the Tubac Presidio. This site served as campsite #15.
San Xavier del Bac Mission
1950 W San Xavier Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85746
"I had solemnized three marriages of members of the expedition, and during the Mass I veiled the newly married couples." Diary of Pedro Font, Oct. 26, 1775
Presidio San Agustín
196 N. Court Ave.
Tucson, AZ 85701
The Presidio in Tucson provides exhibits, programs, and historic re-enactment about the Spanish colonial era of Arizona history.
Casa Grande Ruins National Monument
"We had an opportunity to go and examine the house that is called La Casa Grande de Moctezuma... We were accompanied there by several Indians...who told us on the way a tale and tradition regarding the house, handed down from their forefathers." Diary of Pedro Font, Oct. 30, 1775
1100 Ruins Dr.
Coolidge, AZ 85228
Painted Rock Petroglyph Site
This ancient archaeological site, approximately 90 miles southwest of Phoenix, contains hundreds of symbolic and artistic rock etchings produced centuries ago by prehistoric peoples. Many well-known events in Arizona history occurred near the Petroglyph Site, including the Anza Expedition
Yuma Quartermaster Depot State Historic Park
201 N. 4th Ave.
Yuma, AZ 85364
"We arrived at the junction of the Gila and Colorado Rivers, where, after safely crossing the first stream by a good ford, camp was made for the night." Diary of Juan Bautista de Anza, Nov. 28, 1775.
The many layers of history that converge at this site include one of the most iconic chapters of the Anza Expedition, the crossing of the Colorado River with the aid of the Quechan people.
"The water of these wells is good but scanty; and in order to get water it was necessary to work from the time of our arrival until noon the next day." Diary of Pedro Font, Dec. 11, 1775.
The well was visited by Juan Bautista de Anza and his settlers to quench their thirst after traveling for two days without fresh water. Throughout history, this site has been the favored water stop for travelers of the Yuha Desert.