Anza Trail Historic & Cultural Sites
Below is a partial list of the historic and cultural sites along the 1,200-mile Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail in 20 counties of Arizona and California. Each site is independently operated. Hours, fees, and use rules vary. Contact individual sites for details.
For an interactive map of all Anza Trail resources, visit http://www.anzahistorictrail.org
Anza Expedition diary entries below are courtesy of Web de Anza.
Santa Cruz County
Las Lagunas de Anza Wetland
Las Laguas de Anza, a privately managed wetland, was restored by the Santa Fe Ranch Foundation. This site served as campsite #13 for the Anza Expedition.
Tumacácori National Historical Park
This site reveals the Native, Spanish, and other cultures that have inhabited the Santa Cruz River Valley.
Tubac Presidio State Historic Park and Museum
"The people, pack-animals, horses, and cattle which were to go on the expedition were finally gathered together -- the different numbers of these I do not set down, as I did not succeed in ascertaining them -- and it was determined to continue the journey on the following day." Diary of Pedro Font, Oct. 22, 1775
Anza served as commander of the Tubac Presidio, and this site was the formal launching point for the Anza Expedition.
Historic Hacienda de la Canoa
María Pinuelas, the lone fatality of the Anza Expedition, perished after giving birth at this site, just one day after the expedition's departure from the Tubac Presidio. This site served as campsite #15.
San Xavier del Bac Mission
"I had solemnized three marriages of members of the expedition, and during the Mass I veiled the newly married couples." Diary of Pedro Font, Oct. 26, 1775
Casa Grande Ruins National Monument
Painted Rock Petroglyph Site
Yuma Quartermaster Depot State Historic Park
San Diego and Riverside Counties
Anza Borrego Desert State Park "This morning it was so frigid and the night before was so extremely cold that three saddle animals and five head of cattle were frozen to death, and the weather was so hard on our people that almost none of them slept, for they spent the night occupied in feeding the fires in order to withstand it." Diary of Juan Bautista de Anza, Dec. 20, 1775
America's largest desert park is also the scene where the Anza Expedition, after surviving the desert crossing and a fierce blizzard, birthed the first non-Native child to be born in present-day California.
Mission San Gabriel marked the expedition's welcome arrival to the Spanish settlements that had been established in California in the previous seven years. Today, the mission museum has exhibits about the Native and Spanish history of the area. Local historic re-enactors share the legacy of the Spanish era.
El Pueblo de Los Ángeles Historical Monument
Santa Barbara County
El Presidio de Santa Barbara State Historic Park
San Luis Obispo County
Mission San Luis Obispo
Mission San Antonio
San Benito County
San Juan Bautista State Historic Park
Santa Clara County
Roberto Adobe & Suñol House Museum
Santa Clara County