Anza Trail Historic & Cultural Sites

Below is a partial list of the historic and cultural sites along the 1,200-mile Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail in 20 counties of Arizona and California. Each site is independently operated. Hours, fees, and use rules vary. Contact individual sites for details.

For an interactive map of all Anza Trail resources, visit

Anza Expedition diary entries below are courtesy of Web de Anza.

AZ - Santa Cruz - Las Lagunas

Santa Cruz County

Las Lagunas de Anza Wetland
(Anza Trail Certified Site*)

"At three in the afternoon [we] halted at the place called Las Lagunas, having traveled some eight long leagues." Diary of Pedro Font, Oct. 14, 1775

Las Laguas de Anza, a privately managed wetland, was restored by the Santa Fe Ranch Foundation. This site served as campsite #13 for the Anza Expedition.

Tumacácori National Historical Park
1891 East Frontage Rd.
Tumacacori, AZ 85640
(520) 377-5060

This site reveals the Native, Spanish, and other cultures that have inhabited the Santa Cruz River Valley.

AZ - Santa Cruz - Tubac Presidio

Tubac Presidio State Historic Park and Museum
1 Burruel Street
Tubac, AZ 85646
(520) 398-2252

"The people, pack-animals, horses, and cattle which were to go on the expedition were finally gathered together -- the different numbers of these I do not set down, as I did not succeed in ascertaining them -- and it was determined to continue the journey on the following day." Diary of Pedro Font, Oct. 22, 1775

Anza served as commander of the Tubac Presidio, and this site was the formal launching point for the Anza Expedition.

AZ - Pima - La Canoa

Pima County

Historic Hacienda de la Canoa
5375 S. I-19 Frontage Road
Green Valley, AZ
(520) 724-5520

"This night the wife of a soldier...died in childbirth, and the next day was taken to the mission of San Xavier del Bac for burial." Diary of Pedro Font, Oct. 23, 1775

María Pinuelas, the lone fatality of the Anza Expedition, perished after giving birth at this site, just one day after the expedition's departure from the Tubac Presidio. This site served as campsite #15.
AZ - Pima - Mission San Xavier

San Xavier del Bac Mission
1950 W San Xavier Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85746
(520) 294-2624

"I had solemnized three marriages of members of the expedition, and during the Mass I veiled the newly married couples." Diary of Pedro Font, Oct. 26, 1775

AZ - Pima - Tucson Presidio

Presidio San Agustín
196 N. Court Ave.
Tucson, AZ 85701
(520) 837-8119

The Presidio in Tucson provides exhibits, programs, and historic re-enactment about the Spanish colonial era of Arizona history.


Pinal County

Casa Grande Ruins National Monument
1100 Ruins Dr.
Coolidge, AZ 85228
(520) 723-3172

"We had an opportunity to go and examine the house that is called La Casa Grande de Moctezuma... We were accompanied there by several Indians...who told us on the way a tale and tradition regarding the house, handed down from their forefathers." Diary of Pedro Font, Oct. 30, 1775

AZ - Maricopa - Petroglyph

Maricopa County

Painted Rock Petroglyph Site

This ancient archaeological site, approximately 90 miles southwest of Phoenix, contains hundreds of symbolic and artistic rock etchings produced centuries ago by prehistoric peoples. Many well-known events in Arizona history occurred near the Petroglyph Site, including the Anza Expedition

AZ - Yuma - Colorado River

Yuma County

Yuma Quartermaster Depot State Historic Park
201 N. 4th Ave.
Yuma, AZ 85364
(928) 783-0071

"We arrived at the junction of the Gila and Colorado Rivers, where, after safely crossing the first stream by a good ford, camp was made for the night." Diary of Juan Bautista de Anza, Nov. 28, 1775.

The many layers of history that converge at this site include one of the most iconic chapters of the Anza Expedition, the crossing of the Colorado River with the aid of the Quechan people.

CA - Imperal - Yuha Well

Imperial County

Yuha Well

"The water of these wells is good but scanty; and in order to get water it was necessary to work from the time of our arrival until noon the next day." Diary of Pedro Font, Dec. 11, 1775.

The well was visited by Juan Bautista de Anza and his settlers to quench their thirst after traveling for two days without fresh water. Throughout history, this site has been the favored water stop for travelers of the Yuha Desert.

CA - San Diego - Anza Borrego

San Diego and Riverside Counties

Anza Borrego Desert State Park "This morning it was so frigid and the night before was so extremely cold that three saddle animals and five head of cattle were frozen to death, and the weather was so hard on our people that almost none of them slept, for they spent the night occupied in feeding the fires in order to withstand it." Diary of Juan Bautista de Anza, Dec. 20, 1775
America's largest desert park is also the scene where the Anza Expedition, after surviving the desert crossing and a fierce blizzard, birthed the first non-Native child to be born in present-day California.
CA - Los Angeles - Mission San Gabriel
Los Angeles County

Mission San Gabriel

"Our coming was a matter for great rejoicing by everybody, the guard of the mission welcoming us with a volley, and the two other fathers who were here...with many peals of bells and with special demonstrations of joy." Diary of Pedro Font, Jan. 4, 1776

Mission San Gabriel marked the expedition's welcome arrival to the Spanish settlements that had been established in California in the previous seven years. Today, the mission museum has exhibits about the Native and Spanish history of the area. Local historic re-enactors share the legacy of the Spanish era.
CA - Los Angeles - El Pueblo de Los Angeles

El Pueblo de Los Ángeles Historical Monument


Santa Barbara County


El Presidio de Santa Barbara State Historic Park


San Luis Obispo County


Mission San Luis Obispo


Monterey County


Mission San Antonio


San Benito County


San Juan Bautista State Historic Park


Santa Clara County


Roberto Adobe & Suñol House Museum

CA - Santa Clara - Peralta Adobe

Peralta Adobe


Santa Clara County

Did You Know?