Nature & Science
How have our natural and cultural landscapes changed since the colonization of the American West? The diaries recorded during the Anza Expedition -- by both Juan Bautista de Anza and Father Pedro Font -- provide a snapshot of Arizona and California's environment in 1775-76.
Father Font used an astronomical quadrant on the trip to fix the group's location so that the trail could be mapped and followed by others.
These diaries and other primary sources are available online at Web De Anza.
Did You Know?
Ever worry you'll be forgotten by history? Spaniard Juan Bautista de Anza almost was. In 1775 he led more than 240 colonists to California to found San Francisco. Spain lost California to Mexico, which lost it to the United States. Luckily, in the 1930s historian Herbert Bolton saved Anza from obscurity. More...