Nature & Science
How have our natural and cultural landscapes changed since the colonization of the American West? The diaries recorded during the Anza Expedition -- by both Juan Bautista de Anza and Father Pedro Font -- provide a snapshot of Arizona and California's environment in 1775-76.
Father Font used an astronomical quadrant on the trip to fix the group's location so that the trail could be mapped and followed by others.
These diaries and other primary sources are available online at Web De Anza.
Did You Know?
In 1775, Spanish Lt. Colonel Juan Bautista de Anza led more than 240 people and one thousand cattle and horses on a journey over two thousand miles to San Francisco, which Anza founded. 150 of Anza's charges were children under sixteen. Eight of the women were pregnant; several gave birth along the way. More...