• Looking up at the Gateway Arch

    Jefferson

    National Expansion Memorial Missouri

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  • Due to the Industrial Rope Access Project at the Gateway Arch

    Visitors may enter the Arch at the south leg only. Tram rides to the top are still available, the observation deck at the top will have restrictions. Usual walking paths may be closed; please look for signage or a Ranger for walking directions.

Virginia Minor Narrative

My name is Virginia Minor. In 1872 I decided to challenge the voting restrictions which excluded women. Along with my husband Francis, I wrote a book which stated that the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution made women citizens of the United States, and that they were entitled to all the benefits of citizenship, including suffrage.

On October 15, 1872, I tried to register to vote in the upcoming national election, but was refused. We sued the registrar, Reese Happersett. We lost our case, but appealed. The state supreme court said that the purpose of the 14th Amendment was to extend citizenship to newly freed slaves. We then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which in 1874 ruled unanimously that "the Constitution of the United States does not confer the right of suffrage upon anyone, because suffrage is not coexistent with citizenship." We think this is highly unfair, and will continue to fight for the right of women to vote.





Did You Know?

Cartoon fiddle

Pierre Cruzatte and George Gibson brought their fiddles along on the Lewis and Clark expedition. Their music entertained the group on many evenings. Click here to learn more about Lewis and Clark and the Corps of Discovery. More...