• Looking up at the Gateway Arch


    National Expansion Memorial Missouri

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Sgt. Patrick Gass

Drawing of Patrick Gass
P.S. During the winter of 1804 I used my carpentry skills to help build the fort at Wood River and make modifications to the keelboat. After Sgt. Floyd died in August 1804 I was elected to be one of the three sergeants of the expedition. My journal of the expedition was printed in 1807 and was the first to be published. I stayed in the army and served in the War of 1812, but was discharged on a disability after I lost an eye in an accident. I married at the age of 60, had a passel of kids, and settled in Wellsburg, West Virginia. I died there in 1870, the last known survivor of the expedition.

Jefferson National Expansion Memorial would like to thank Patrick Gass' great- granddaughter, Jeanette D. Taranik, for providing the above photograph for use on the website. The photograph was taken in the 1860s towards the end of Gass' life.

Did You Know?

Dinosaur cartoon

On September 10, 1804 on Cedar Island, in South Dakota, William Clark discovered the fossilized remains of the ribs, backbone and teeth of a plesiosaur. Plesiosaurs were animals who lived at the same time as the dinosaurs, but swam rather than walking on land. Clark thought it was a giant fish bone! More...