• Looking up at the Gateway Arch

    Jefferson

    National Expansion Memorial Missouri

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  • Pedestrian Access to the Gateway Arch From Downtown

    Pedestrian traffic on the Chestnut, Market St. and Pine St. bridges will be closed. This leaves Walnut St. and Washington Ave. as the Arch grounds points of entry to and from the city. See link for maps. More »

Death

Knowing that her slave status would be passed down to her children, a slave mother could become depressed and even suicidal. The high proportion of suits for freedom instituted by women in St. Louis may be due to the special forms of duress they suffered. Examples of this stress abound, and there were some particularly gruesome cases. In a famous Missouri case of 1855, State v. Celia, it was proven that a slave woman, forced to bear the children of her enslaver, killed him with a stick and burned his body in the fireplace of her cabin. Celia was caught, tried, and hanged. A woman named Margaret in Cole County, Missouri, killed her own baby in 1848. And when a Marion County woman's three small sons were purchased in 1834 and were due to be taken from her, she killed them all and then committed suicide with an ax.

Did You Know?

Drawing of Dred Scott from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 1857

In 1846, a slave named Dred Scott sued for his freedom at the St. Louis Courthouse. His case went all the way to the Supreme Court, where the verdict set the stage for the Civil War. Today, the Old Courthouse is part of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial. Click to learn more about Dred Scott. More...