Lesson Plan

What is Archeology?

Two archeologists work at a dig site, one measuring a pit and the other writing in a notebook.

Archeologists use many tools to explore our past.

NPS photo

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Grade Level:
Fifth Grade-Twelfth Grade
Subject:
Archaeology, Community, Historic Preservation, History, Social Studies
Duration:
This will vary based on the grade and on how many assignments the teacher selects to use.
Group Size:
Up to 36
Setting:
classroom
National/State Standards:
Reading History RH (6-8).2, RH (6-8).3

Overview

Students will understand the basic principles of archeology.

Objective(s)

Students will understand historical archeology, especially how it relates to Philadelphia and Independence National Historical Park.  This lesson will help prepare students for the park's "Archeology:  History Found in Pieces" education program.

Background

Teachers should consult this web page about archeology at Franklin Court for reference.

Teachers should also be aware that there are two different spellings:  archeology and archaeology.  The National Park Service uses the "archeology" spelling, but many archeologists prefer the spelling with the additional "a".  Both spellings are correct.  The Society for American Archaeology posted an article about the spelling of "archaeology" on their website.  This lesson uses the "archeology" spelling, but proper nouns (book titles, websites, etc.) retain their original spelling.

Materials

  • Chart paper
  • Chalk board, smart board, or overhead projector


Procedure

Park Connections

This lesson plan ties to many places in the park including the President's House Site, National Constitution Center, and Franklin Court.

Extensions

  • Write a letter to the editor about the importance of archeology and historic preservation.  Make it specific to a site in your city, if possible.
  • Research other kinds of archeology (besides urban archeology).  Examples include industrial, underwater, experimental, and classical archeology.  What are the similarities and differences to historical archeology in an urban setting?
  • Look for examples of archeology in popular culture such as movies, books, and television.  Then, using your understanding of what archeology is and what archeologists do, write a commentary describing it your example is an accurate portrayal of archeology.

Additional Resources

Websites:

Learn about archeology at Franklin Court.  This website has information on the basics of archeology all related to Benjamin Franklin and life at Franklin Court.

The Society for Historical Archaeology's website has a special section for kids to learn about careers in archeology.

Find activities, resources, and much more for encouraging a child's interest in archeology as well as encouraging stewardship for archeological heritage.

Books:

Cotter, John L., Daniel G. Roberts and Michael Parrington.  The Buried Past:  An Archaeological History of Philadelphia.  University of Pennsylvania Press, 1992.

Hansen, Joyce and Gary McGowan.  Breaking Ground, Breaking Silence:  The Story of New York's African Burial Ground.  Henry Hold & Company, 1998.

Panchyk, Richard.  Archaeology for Kids:  Uncovering the Mysteries of Our Past.  Chicago Review Press, 2001.

Samford, Patricia and David L. Ribblett.  Archaeology for Young Explorers:  Uncovering History at Colonial Williamsburg.  The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 1999.

The Diary of Elizabeth Drinker, edited by Elaine Forman Crane.  Northwest University Press, 1991.

Vocabulary

Anthropology, Archeological "Context", Archeologist, Archeology, Artifact, Excavation, Feature, Historical Archeology, Material Culture, Post Mold, Primary Source, Provenience, Secondary Source, Stratigraphy, Urban Archeology