Allan, William. History of the Campaign of Gen. T. J. Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. 1880. Reprint. Dayton, OH: Morningside, 1987.
Beach, William H. The First New York (Lincoln) Cavalry. New York: Lincoln Cavalry Association, 1902.
Bean, W. G. Stonewall's Man: Sandie Pendleton. University of North Carolina Press, 1959.
Beck, Brandon H. and Charles S. Grunder. The Second Battle of Winchester, June 12-15, 1863. Lynchburg: H. E. Howard, 1989.
Beck, Brandon H. and Charles S. Grunder. Three Battles of Winchester: A History and Guided Tour. Berryville, VA: Country Publishers, 1988.
Beers, Henry Putney. The Confederacy: A Guide to the Archives of the Government of the Confederate States of America. Washington: National Archives and Records Administration, 1986.
Bellard, Alfred. Gone for a Soldier: The Civil War Memoirs of Alfred Bellard. Edited by David Herbert Donald. Boston: Little, Brown, 1975.
Blackford, Charles M. Campaign and Battle of Lynchburg, Va. Lynchburg: J. P. Bell, 1901.
Brice, Marshall Moore. Conquest of a Valley. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1965.
Buell, Augustus. The Cannoneer: Recollections of Service in the Army of the Potomac. Washington: National Tribune, 1890.
Carpenter, George N. History of the 8th Regiment Vermont Volunteers, 1861-1865. Boston: Deland & Barta, 1886.
Clark, Walter, ed. Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-1865. 1901. Reprint. Wendell NC: Broadfoot, 1982.
Cooling, B. F. Jubal Early's Raid on Washington 1864. Baltimore: Nautical and Aviation Publishing, 1989.
Couper, William. One Hundred Years at V.M.I. Richmond: Garrett and Massie, 1939.
Crook, George. General George Crook: His Autobiography. Edited by M. F. Schmitt. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1960.
Dabney, R. L. Life and Campaigns of Lt. General T. J. (Stonewall) Jackson. New York, 1866.
Davis, William C. Battle of New Market. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1975.
DeForest, John W. A Volunteer's Adventures: A Union Captain's Record of the Civil War. Edited by J. H. Croushore. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1946.
Dickert, D. A. History of Kershaw's Brigade. 1899. Reprint. Dayton,OH: Morningside, 1976.
DuPont, Henry A. The Campaign of 1864 in the Valley of Virginia and the Expedition to Lynchburg. New York: National Americana Society, 1925.
Early, Jubal A. Jubal Early's Memoirs: Autobiographical Sketch and Narrative of the War Between the States. 1894. Reprint. Baltimore: Nautical and Aviation Publishing, 1989.
Eby, Cecil D., Jr. Porte Crayon: The Life of David Hunter Strother. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1960.
Emerson, Edward W. Life and Letters of Charles Russell Lowell. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1907.
Flinn, Frank M. Campaigning with Banks in Louisiana 1863-64 and with Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley in 1864-65. Boston: W.B. Clarke, 1889.
Freeman, Douglas Southall. Lee's Lieutenants: A Study in Command. 1942. Reprint. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1970.
Gallagher, Gary W., ed. Struggle for the Shenandoah: Essays on the 1864 Valley Campaign. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1991.
Gallagher, Gary W. Stephen Dodson Ramseur: Lee's Gallant General. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985.
Gilmor, Harry. Four Years in the Saddle. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1866.
Gordon, John B. Reminiscences of the Civil War. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1905.
Greeley, A. W., and James W. Cheney, eds. Military Literature in the War Department Library Relating Chiefly to the Participation of the Individual States in the War for the Union: Subject Catalogue No. Six. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1899.
Hale, Laura Virginia. Four Valiant Years in the Lower Shenandoah Valley, 1861-1865. Front Royal, VA: Hathaway Publishing, 1968.
Henderson, G. F. R. Stonewall Jackson and the American Civil War. 1898. Reprint. New York: David McKay, 1961.
Horst, Samuel. Mennonites in the Confederacy: A Study in Civil War Pacifism. Scottdale PA: Herald Press, 1967.
Hotchkiss, Jedediah. Make Me a Map of the Valley: The Civil War Journal of Stonewall Jackson's Topographer. Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, 1973.
Humphreys, A. A. Gettysburg to the Rapidan: The Army of the Potomac, July 1863 to April 1864. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1883.
Johnson, Robert Underwood, and Clarence Clough Buel, eds. Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Edition. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1956.
Kellogg, Sanford C. The Shenandoah Valley and Virginia, 1861-1865: A War Study. New York: Neale Publishing, 1903.
Kennedy, Frances H., ed. Civil War Battlefield Guide. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1990.
Keyes, C. M. The Military History of the 123rd Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Sandusky: Register Steam Press, 1874.
Kidd, James H. Personal Recollections of a Cavalryman with Custer's Michigan Cavalry Brigade in the Civil War. 1908. Reprint. Ionia MI: Sentinel, 1983.
Lang, Theodore F. Loyal West Virginia from 1861 to 1865. Baltimore: Deutsch, 1895.
Lewis, Thomas A. The Shenandoah in Flames: The Valley Campaign of 1864. Alexandria: Time-Life Books, 1987.
Lewis, Thomas A. The Guns of Cedar Creek. New York: Harper and Row, 1988.
Lincoln, William S. Life with the 34th Massachusetts Infantry in the War of the Rebellion. Worcester: Noyes, Snow, 1879.
Livermore, Thomas L. Numbers and Losses in the Civil War in America: 1861-1865. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1957.
Lord, Francis A. They Fought for the Union: A Complete Reference Work on the Federal Fighting Man. New York: Bonanza, 1960.
Lossing, Benson J. A History of the Civil War: Illustrated with Reproductions of the Brady War Photogaphs. Yonkers, NY: Tomkins Art and Portfolio, 1922.
Lynch, Charles H. The Civil War Diary, 1862-1865, of Charles H. Lynch, 18th Connecticut Volunteers. Hartford, CT: Private printing, 1915.
McDonald, William N. A History of the Laurel Brigade: The Ashby Cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia and Chew's Battery. Baltimore: Kate S. McDonald, 1907.
Meaney, Peter J. The Civil War Engagement at Cool Spring, July 18, 1864. Privately printed. 1980.
Military Historical Society of Massachusetts. Papers of the Military Historical Society of Massachusetts, Vol. 6: The Shenandoah Campaigns of 1862 and 1864 and the Appomattox Campaigns of 1865. Boston: MHSH, 1907.
Miller, Francis T., ed.The Photographic History of the Civil War. New York: Yoseloff, 1911.
Mosby, John S. The Memoirs of Col. John S. Mosby. Edited by Charles Wells Russell. Millwood NY: Kraus, 1981.
Munden, Kenneth W., and Henry Putney Beers. The Union: A Guide to Federal Archives Relating to the Civil War. Washington: National Archives and Records Administration, 1986.
National Archives. A Guide to Civil War Maps in the National Archives. Washington: National Archives, 1986.
National Archives. Military Operations of the Civil War: An Index-Guide to the Official Records. Compiled by Dallas Irvine et al. Washington: National Archives, 1968-1972.
Newcomer, C. A. Cole's Cavalry; or Three Years in the Saddle in the Shenandoah Valley. Baltimore: Cushing, 1895.
Nichols, G. W. A Soldier's Story of His Regiment (61st Georgia) and Incidentally of the Lawton-Gordon-Evans Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. Reprint. Kennesaw GA: Continental Book, 1961.
Norris, J. E., ed. History of the Lower Shenandoah Valley Counties of Frederick, Berkeley, Jefferson, and Clarke. 1890. Reprint. Berryville VA: Virginia Book, 1972.
Norton, Chauncey S. The Red Neck Ties, or History of the 15th New York Volunteer Cavalry. Ithaca, NY: Journal Book, 1891.
Opie, John N. A Rebel Cavalryman with Lee, Stuart, and Jackson. Chicago: W. B. Conkey, 1899.
Pond, George E. The Shenandoah Valley in 1864. 1883. Reprint. Wilmington, NC: Broadfoot, 1989.
Rawling, C. J. History of the First Regiment (West) Virginia Infantry. Philadephia: Lippincott, 1887.
Reader, Frank S. History of the Fifth West Virginia Cavalry and of Battery G, First West Virginia Light Artillery. New Brighton, PA: Daily News, 1890.
Sheridan, Phillip H. Personal Memoirs. New York: Charles L. Webster, 1888.
Stackpole, Edward J. Sheridan in the Shenandoah: Jubal Early's Nemesis. New York: Bonanza, 1961.
Starr, Stephen Z. The Union Cavalry in the Civil War, Vol. 2: The War in the East from Gettysburg to Appomattox. Baton Rouge: Lousiana State University Press, 1981.
Stephenson, Richard W., comp. Civil War Maps: An Annotated List of Maps and Atlases in the Library of Congress. Second Edition. Washington: Library of Congress, 1989.
Stevens, George T. Three Years in the Sixth Corps: A Concise Narrative of Events in the Army of the Potomac. Albany: S.R. Gray, 1866.
Strother, David Hunter. A Virginia Yankee in the Civil War: The Diaries of David Hunter Strother. Edited by Cecil D. Eby, Jr. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1961.
Swinton, William. Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac. 1866. Reprint. Secaucus, NJ: Blue and Gray Press, 1988.
Tanner, Robert G. Stonewall in the Valley: Thomas J. ``Stonewall'' Jackson's Shenandoah Valley Campaign, Spring 1862. Garden City: Doubleday, 1976.
Taylor, James E. With Sheridan Up the Shenandoah Valley 1864: Leaves from a Special Artists Sketch Book and Diary. Cleveland, OH: Western Reserve Historical Society, 1989.
Thomas, Henry W. History of the Doles-Cook Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. 1903. Reprint. Dayton OH: Morningside, 1981.
Turner, Edward Raymond. The New Market Campaign, May 1864. Richmond: Whittet and Shepperson, 1912.
Tyler, Mason Whiting (37th Mass). Recollections of the Civil War: With Many Original Diary Entries and Letters... New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1912.
U.S. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Washington, DC: 1880-1901.
U.S. War Department. Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 4 vols. 1891-1895. Reprint [1 vol.]. New York: Fairfax Press, 1983.
Vandiver, Frank E. Jubal's Raid: General Early's Famous Attack on Washington in 1864. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1960.
Walker, Aldace F. The Vermont Brigade in the Shenandoah Valley, 1864. Burlington: Fress Press Association, 1869.
Walker, Gary C. Yankee Soldiers in Virginia Valleys: Hunter's Raid. Roanoke: A & W Enterprise, 1989.
Walker, William C. History of the 18th Regiment of Connecticut Volunteers. Norwich, CT: Private Printing, 1885.
Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Blue: Lives of the Union Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1964.
Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959.
Wayland, John W. A History of Rockingham County, Virginia. Dayton VA: Ruebush-Elkins, 1912.
Wayland, John W. A History of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Strasburg: Shenandoah Publishing, 1927.
Wayland, John W. Stonewall Jackson's Way: Route, Method, Achievement. 1956. Reprint. Dayton, OH: Morningside, 1984.
Wayland, John W. Twenty-five Chapters on the Shenandoah Valley: To Which is Appended a Concise History of the Civil War in the Valley. Strasburg, VA: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1957.
Welcher, Frank J. The Union Army 1861-1865: Organization and Operations; Vol. 1, The Eastern Theater. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1989.
Wert, Jeffry D. Mosby's Rangers. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1990.
Wert, Jeffry D. From Winchester to Cedar Creek: The Shenandoah Campaign of 1864. New York: Touchstone, 1987.
Whitehorne, Joseph W. A. The Battle of New Market: Self-Guided Tour. Washington: Center of Military History, United States Army, 1988.
Whitehorne, Joseph W. A. The Battle of Cedar Creek: Self-Guided Tour. Strasburg, VA: Wayside Museum of American History and Arts, 1987.
Wildes, Thomas F. Record of the 116th Regiment Ohio Infantry Volunteers. Sandusky: I. F. Mack, 1884.
Williams, T. Harry. Hayes of the Twenty-Third: The Civil War Volunteer Officer. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1965.
Worsham, John H. One of Jackson's Foot Cavalry. New York: Neale, 1912. Reprint. Time-Life Books, 1982.
Wust, Klaus. The Virginia Germans. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1969.
Cedar Creek Maps: Atlas 82:9; 85:33, 38, 99:2; Gillespie,
LC #537: ``Battlefields of Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek
Virginia'' Prepared by Bvt. LT. Col. G. L. Gillespie, major of
Engineers, USA, from surveys made under his directions, by order
of Lt.Gen P.H. Sheridan, etc., 1873, uncolored, Scale 1:12,000, 2
sheets, each 121x69cm, overall size 121x138cm; finely detailed
map of both battles indicating earth and wood entrenchments,
troop positions and movements, names of commanders and some unit
numbers, roads, railroad, houses, names of residents, rail and
stone fences, vegetation, drainage, fords, street pattern of
Middletown and Strasburg, relief by contour lines, hachures, and
spot elevations; Union and Confed. troop positions are hand-
colored blue and red. Hotchkiss, LC #H194: ``Sketch of the Battle
of Belle Grove or Cedar Creek,'' uncolored, scale 1:63,360,
21x16cm., detailed topo map of battle area, troop movements are
not shown, residences, wooded areas, drainage, roads, elevation
by hachures, shows Union fortifications along Cedar Creek (many
of which are there today), drawn on 1-in grid, covers area from
Fisher's Hill north to ``Christmas Spring.'' Hotchkiss, #HC 195:
``Sketch of the Battle of Belle Grove or Cedar Creek, '' colored,
scale 1:40,000, 26x31cm, drawn on 3/8-in. grid, fine drawing of
battle area, similar to HC194 but more tightly focused on area
north of Strasburg, stopping slightly north of Middletown, troop
movements are not shown. The Hotchkiss maps can be used to verify
or add to the positions traced by Gillespie. ``Sheridan's Map''
of vicinity of Strasburg, Archives G166-1, very detailed,
surveyed map of US entrenchments at Cedar Creek, surveyed map
using contour intervals, showing vegetation cover for area from
Fisher's Hill to north of Middletown, names of residents, US and
CS battlelines for final action of day sketched in but not
Cool Spring Maps: Atlas 84:20, Hotchkiss sketch "Engagement at Castleman's Ferry."
Cross Keys Maps: Atlas, 21:12, 42:4, 85:5, 111:2. Hotchkiss, Archives Confed-VA9: ``Sketch Map of Cross Keys,'' 1862, rough sketch of battle ground drawn from memory, not in scale, shows general areas of woodland and elevation, shows movement of troops and positions of batteries. Hotchkiss, LC #95: quick sketch of battlefield in pencil, showing roads, drainage, residences, woodlots, and elevation in some areas by hachures, but not in scale. William Allan, plate VIII, pg. 147.
Fisher's Hill Maps: Atlas 82:11, 85:20, 99:2; Gillespie, LC #537: ``Battlefields of Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek Virginia'' Prepared by Bvt. LT. Col. G. L. Gillespie, major of Engineers, USA, from surveys made under his directions, by order of Lt.Gen P.H. Sheridan, etc., 1873, uncolored, Scale 1:12,000, 2 sheets, each 121x69cm, overall size 121x138cm; detailed map of both battles indicating earth and wood entrenchments, troop positions and movements, names of commanders and some unit numbers, roads, railroad, houses, names of residents, fences, vegetation, drainage, fords, street pattern of Middletown and Strasburg, relief by contour lines, hachures and spot elevations; Union and Confed. troop positions are hand-colored blue and red. Hotchkiss, LC #H187: ``Map of Vicinity of Fisher's Hill,'' 1864, colored ms., scale 1:40,000, 44x37cm, on tracing cloth, mountains by form lines, hachures, drawn on 1/2-in grid, no troop positions but shows Confederate entrenchments on Fisher's Hill line. ``Sheridan's Map'' of vicinity of Strasburg, Archives G166-1, very detailed, surveyed map of CS entrenchments at Fisher's Hill, showing vegetation cover for most of the area.
Front Royal Maps: Atlas 5:5, "Sketch of Lt. Col. Parham of 29PA." not in scale.
First Kernstown Maps: Hotchkiss Collection (LC): Two excellent maps of First Kernstown. LC #H90: ``Battle of Kernstown,'' 2 in.=1 mi. (1:31,680), colored pencils and ink, fine detail, fencerows (stone or wood), veg in green, orchards, houses and residents, troop movements in red and blue, battery posits., hachures. Not in the Atlas. LC #91: ``Battle of Kernstown,'' 2 in1 mi. (1:31,680), a more stylized version of the above map in black ink, Confed. troops shown in red, Union positions not shown, wood and stone fences, vegetation, roads and trails, hachures, road lines appear more carefully surveyed on this map than on #90. These two maps provide all necessary topo info. Most authoritative source for Confed. movements. Union troop movements will need to be expanded from other sources, such as the map in William Allan, plate III following pg. 54
Second Kernstown Maps: Atlas 84:21; See Hotchkiss LC #H90, 91 under First Kernstown. Kennedy, Battlefield Guide pg. 240.
McDowell Maps: O.R. Atlas 116: 1,4; Hotchkiss, LC #H93: ``Sketch of the battle of McDowell,'' scale 1:31,680, 24x30cm., unfinished sketch, shows elevation by hachures, vegetation suggested in green pencil, Union and Confederate troop positions shown in blue and red, appears to have been executed quickly, not detailed enough to be useful for topography. Hotchkiss, LC #94: an even rougher sketch in ink on brown paper, not in scale. William Allan, plate IV pg. 55.
New Market Maps: Colonna, LC #585: ``New Market Virginia Battlefield May 15, 1864,'' surveyed 1910-12, B. A. Colonna, 1914, colored, scale 1:15,840, 39x40cm, shows the battlefield as it was in 1864, based on Woodstock, VA sheet of U.S.G.S., contour intervals and hachures, woods, orchards, houses, and other features verified by veterans and authorities, shows battle lines, 50 significant events keyed to numbers. Colonna was a participant in the battle.
Opequon (Third Winchester) Maps: Atlas 99:1, 85:12-18; By far the best and most detailed maps of this battle are the surveys of 1873 by Gillespie, Dept. of Engineers, done in consultation with veterans of North and South. One version of this map is Plate 99:1 in the Atlas of the Official Records; scale 1 in.=2,200 ft. The original Gillespie map is in the Civil War Collection LC #670, scale 1 in.=800 ft or 1:9600; 96x114 cm. This version is incredibly detailed: full color, surveyed, all vegetation and fields marked, elevation by contour intervals, buildings marked and labelled by resident, wood and stone fences shown, troop movements shown for several positions during the day. Map is in four adjoined sections, each 19x23.5 ins.
Piedmont Maps: Kennedy, Battlefield Guide pg. 231.
Port Republic Maps: Atlas 85:5; Hotchkiss map LC #H96; scale 1:25,000, squared off in miles, excellent topo. detail, cleared fields, fences along river, vegetation. Fence rows, houses labelled by residents, elevation in contours. Troop movements and positions are not schown This map was surveyed and completed from wartime sketches by Hotchkiss in 1886. Scale is not ideal, but details are sufficient to produce good modern map. Kennedy, Battlefield Guide pg. 55. William Allan, plate IX, pg. 147.
Tom's Brook Maps: Atlas 85:34 (shows successive positions taken by cavalry against Custer; Hotchkiss, LC #H187: ``Map of Vicinity of Fisher's Hill,'' 1864, colored ms., scale 1:40,000, 44x37cm, on tracing cloth, roads in red, wooded areas green, mountains by form lines, hachures, drawn on 1/2-in grid, no troop positions but shows topography for area of Tom's Brook. Archives G266: ``Tom's Brook and Cedar Creek,'' scale 1:83,095, insufficient topo detail, shows schematic positions for the engagement at Tom's Brook.
First Winchester Maps: Atlas map, Hotchkiss 85:2--"Engagement at Winchester." Hotchkiss ``Sketch of the Battle of Winchester, Va.'' Frederick County Historical Society.
Second Winchester Maps: Atlas 39:4, 43:3.
Return to contents page
Creation Date: 3/13/95