Civil War Sites Advisory Commission Report
National Park Service

 

TABLE  7

Civil War Battlefields Listed by Preservation Priorities

 

PRIORITY I:  BATTLEFIELDS WITH CRITICAL NEED FOR COORDINATED

NATIONWIDE ACTION BY THE YEAR 2000.

 

I.1.  Class A, good or fair integrity, high or moderate threats,

  less than 20 % of core area protected.

 

Battlefield                                     Public                       Integrity/

(Reference No.)                            Agency                     Threat

 

  Bentonville (NC020)                      STATE                      G/M

  Cedar Creek (VA122)                   --                               F/M

  Cold Harbor (VA062)                    NPS                          F/H

  Fort Donelson (TN002)                  NPS                          F/H

  Gaines' Mill (VA017)                     NPS                          G/H

  Glorieta Pass (NM002)                  NPS                          F/M

  Malvern Hill (VA021)                    NPS                          G/H

  Mobile Bay (AL003)                     AF/STATE                F/M

  Perryville (KY009)                        STATE                      G/M

  Petersburg (VA089)                      NPS                          F/H

  Port Hudson (LA010)                    VA/STATE               G/H

 

 

I.2.  Class A, good or fair integrity, high or moderate threats,

  more than 20 % of core area protected.

 

Battlefield                                     Public                       Integrity/

(Reference No.)                            Agency                     Threat

 

  Antietam (MD003)                        NPS                          G/M

  Chancellorsville (VA032)               NPS                          F/H

  Chattanooga (TN024)                    NPS                          F/M

  Chickamauga (GA004)                  NPS                          G/M

  Gettysburg (PA002)                      NPS                          G/M

  Second Manassas (VA026)           NPS                          G/M

  Spotsylvania CH (VA048)             NPS                          G/H

  Vicksburg (MS011)                       NPS                          F/H

  Wilderness (VA046)                      NPS                          F/H

 

 

I.3.  Class B, good or fair integrity, high or moderate threats.

 

Battlefield                                     Public                       Integrity/

(Reference No.)                            Agency                     Threat

 

  Allatoona (GA023)                        COE                          G/M

  Boydton Plank Road (VA079)        --                               F/M

  Brandy Station (VA035)                --                               G/H

  Brices Cross Roads (MS014)         NPS                          G/M

  Bristoe Station (VA040)                --                               F/H

  Chaffin's Farm & New

    Chickasaw Bayou (MS003)         --                               F/H

  Corinth (MS016)                           --                               F/M

  First Kernstown (VA101)              --                               F/H

  Fisher's Hill (VA120)                     --                               F/M

  Fort Davidson (MO021)                 STATE                      F/M

  Glendale (VA020)                         NPS                          G/M

  Harpers Ferry (WV010)                NPS                          F/M

  Honey Springs (OK007)                STATE                      F/H

  Kennesaw Mountain (GA015)        NPS                          F/H

  Market Heights (VA075)               NPS                          F/H

  Mill Springs (KY006)                     --                               G/M

  Mine Run (VA044)                       --                               F/M

  Monocacy (MD007)                      NPS                          G/H

  Newtonia (MO029)                       --                               G/M

  North Anna (VA055)                    --                               F/M

  Port Gibson (MS006)                     STATE                      G/H

  Prairie Grove (AR005)                  STATE                      G/M

  Raymond (MS007)                        --                               F/H

  Rich Mountain (WV003)                --                               G/M

  Ringgold Gap (GA005)                  FS                             F/M

  Secessionville (SC002)                   --                               F/M

  Second Deep Bottom (VA071)      --                               F/M

  South Mountain (MD002)              NPS                          G/M

  Spring Hill (TN035)                       --                               G/H

  White Oak Road (VA087)             --                               G/M

 

 

PRIORITY II:  BATTLEFIELDS WITH OPPORTUNITIES

FOR COMPREHENSIVE PRESERVATION.

 

II.1.  Class A, good or fair integrity, low threats, less than

20 % of core area protected.

 

Battlefield                                     Public                       Integrity/

(Reference No.)                            Agency                     Threat

 

  Champion Hill (MS009)                 --                               G/L

  Mansfield (LA018)                        STATE                      F/L

 

II.2.  Class B, good or fair integrity, low threats, less than 20 % of

core area protected.

 

Battlefield                                     Public                       Integrity/

(Reference No.)                            Agency                     Threat

 

  Big Black River Bridge (MS010)    --                               G/L

  Cedar Mountain (VA022)              --                               G/L

  Chustenahlah (OK003)                  --                               G/L

  Cross Keys (VA105)                     --                               G/L

  Fort De Russy (LA017)                 --                               F/L

  Griswoldville (GA025)                   --                               G/L

  Hampton Roads (VA008)              --                               G/L

  Hatcher's Run (VA083)                 --                               G/L

  Munfordville (KY008)                   --                               G/L

  Okolona (MS013)                          --                               G/L

  Peebles' Farm (VA074)                 NPS                          F/L

  Piedmont (VA111)                        --                               G/L

  Port Republic (VA106)                  --                               G/L

  Prairie D'Ane (AR013)                  --                               F/L

  Ream's Station (VA073)                --                               G/L

  Richmond (KY007)                       ARMY                      F/L

  Roanoke Island (NC002)                --                              F/L

  Sabine Pass II (TX006)                 STATE                      F/L

  Sailors' Creek (VA093)                 STATE                      G/L

  Sand Creek (CO001)                     --                               F/L

  Trevilian Station (VA099)              --                               F/L

  Valverde (NM001)                        --                               G/L

 

 

II.3.  Class C, good or fair integrity, high or moderate threats.

 

Battlefield                                     Public                       Integrity/

(Reference No.)                            Agency                     Threat

 

  Berryville (VA118)                        --                               G/M

  Carthage (MO002)                        STATE                      G/M

  Cool Spring (VA114)                     --                               G/M

  Cumberland Church (VA094)        --                               F/M

  Cynthiana (KY011)                       --                               F/H

  Dalton I (GA006)                          --                               F/H

  Davis' Cross Roads (GA003)         --                               G/M

  Devil's Backbone (AR009)            --                               F/M

  Dinwiddie Curch (VA086)             --                               G/H

  Elkin's Ferry (AR012)                    --                               F/M

  Fair Garden (TN029)                     --                               F/M

  First Deep Bottom (VA069)           --                               F/M

  Grand Gulf (MS004)                      STATE                      G/M

  Haw's Shop (VA058)                    --                               G/M

  Honey Hill (SC010)                       --                               G/M

  Irish Bend (LA007)                       --                               F/M

  Kolb's Farm (GA014)                    NPS                          F/H

  Lewis's Farm (VA085)                  --                               G/M

  Lexington (MO006)                       STATE                      F/H

  Mansura (LA022)                         --                               F/M

  New Hope Church (GA010)          --                               F/H

  Newtonia (MO016)                       --                               G/M

  Parker's Cross Roads (TN011)      --                               F/M

  Port Walthall Junction (VA047)      --                               F/M

  Resaca (GA008)                           --                               G/H

  Rocky Face Ridge (GA007)           --                               G/H

  Saltville (VA076)                           --                               F/M

  Saltville (VA082)                           --                               F/M

  Suffolk (Hill's Point)(VA031)         --                               G/M

  Sutherland's Station (VA090)         --                               F/H

  Swift Creek (VA050)                    --                               F/M

  Thompson's Station (TN013)          --                               G/H

  Tom's Brook (VA121)                   --                               F/M

  Ware Bottom Church (VA054)      NPS                          F/H

  White Oak Swamp (VA020a)        --                               F/H

 

II.4.  Class D, good or fair integrity, high or moderate threats

 

Battlefield                                     Public                       Integrity/

(Reference No.)                            Agency                     Threat

 

  Aquia Creek (VA002)                   --                               F/H

  Boonsborough (MD006)                --                               F/H

  Brentwood (TN015)                      --                               F/M

  Buckland Mills (VA042)                --                               F/M

  Chalk Bluff (AR007)                     --                               G/M

  Fredericktown (MO007)                --                               F/M

  Grimball's Landing (SC006)            --                               F/M

  Hoke's Run (WV002)                    --                               F/M

  LaFourche Crossing (LA012)         --                               F/M

  Lone Jack (MO015)                      --                               F/M

  Lovejoy's Station (GA021)             --                               F/M

  Marks' Mills (AR015)                    STATE                      F/M

  Monroe's Crs Rds (NC018)           ARMY                      G/M

  Murfreesborough (TN037)             NPS                          F/M

  Rice's Station (VA092)                  --                               F/M

  Smithfield Crossing (WV015)         --                               F/H

  Snyder's Bluff (MS005)                 --                               G/M

  Summit Point (WV014)                  --                               F/H

  Wyse Fork (NC017)                      --                               F/M

 

 

PRIORITY III:  BATTLEFIELDS NEEDING ADDITIONAL

PROTECTION.

 

III.1.  Class A, good or fair integrity, low threats, more than 20 %

 of core area protected.

 

Battlefield                                     Public                       Integrity/

(Reference No.)                            Agency                     Threat

 

  Appomattox CH (VA097)              NPS                          G/L

  Crater (VA070)                            NPS                          G/L

  First Manassas (VA005)                NPS                          G/L

  Five Forks (VA088)                      NPS                          G/L

  Fort Blakely (AL006)                    STATE                      G/L

  Fort Stedman (VA084)                  NPS                          G/L

  Fort Sumter (SC001)                     NPS                          G/L

  Mount Zion Church (MO010)         --                               F/L

  Old Fort Wayne (OK004)              --                               F/L

  Old River Lake (AR017)               --                               F/L

  Pea Ridge (AR001)                       NPS                          G/L

  Petersburg (VA063)                      NPS                          G/L

  Roan's Tan Yard (MO011)            --                               F/L

  Sappony Church (VA067)              --                               F/L

  Shiloh (TN003)                              NPS                          G/L

  Simmon's Bluff (SC003)                --                               F/L

  Stirling's Plantation (LA016)           COE                          F/L

  Stony Lake (ND003)                     --                               F/L

  Whitestone Hill (ND004)               STATE                      F/L

  Wilson's Creek (MO004)               NPS                          G/L

 

III.2.  Class B, good or fair integrity, low threats, more than

  20 % of core area protected.

 

Battlefield                                     Public                       Integrity/

(Reference No.)                            Agency                     Threat

 

  Ball's Bluff (VA006)                     --                              G/L

  Carnifex Ferry (WV006)               STATE                      G/L

  Charleston Har. (SC009)               NPS                          F/L

  Cheat Mountain (WV005)              FS                             G/L

  Drewry's Bluff (VA012)                NPS                          G/L

  Fort McAllister (GA028)                STATE                      G/L

  Fort Pillow (TN030)                      STATE                      G/L

  Fort Pulaski (GA001)                     NPS                          G/L

  Fort Sumter (SC008)                     NPS                          F/L

  Olustee (FL005)                            FS/STATE                 G/L

  Williamsburg (VA010)                   NPS/NAVY              F/L

  Yorktown (VA009)                       NPS                          G/L

 

III.3.  Class C, good or fair integrity, low threats.

 

Battlefield                                     Public                       Integrity/

(Reference No.)                            Agency                     Threat

 

  Adairsville (GA009)                       --                               G/L

  Albemarle Sound (NC013)             --                               G/L

  Aldie (VA036)                              --                               G/L

  Amelia Springs (VA091)                --                               G/L

  Averasborough (NC019)                --                               G/L

  Bear River (ID001)                       --                               G/L

  Big Mound (ND001)                      --                               F/L

  Boonville (MO001)                        --                               F/L

  Buck Head Creek (GA026)           --                               G/L

  Cabin Creek (OK006)                   --                               G/L

  Camp Allegheny (WV008)             FS                             G/L

  Camp Wild Cat (KY002)               FS                             G/L

  Cane Hill (AR004)                        --                               G/L

  Charleston Harbor (SC004)            NPS                          F/L

  Cloyd's Mountain (VA049)            --                               G/L

  Cockpit Point (VA100)                  --                               G/L

  Corydon (IN001)                           --                               G/L

  Day's Gap (AL001)                       --                               G/L

  Droop Mountain (WV012)             STATE                      G/L

  Fort Macon (NC004)                     CG/STATE                F/L

  Fort McAllister (GA002)                STATE                      G/L

  Fort Ridgely (MN001)                   STATE                      G/L

  Hanover CH (VA013)                   --                               F/L

  Hartsville (TN008)                        --                               F/L

  Hatchie's Bridge (TN007)              --                               G/L

  High Bridge (VA095)                    --                               G/L

  Hoover's Gap (TN017)                  --                               F/L

  Jenkins' Ferry (AR016)                  STATE                      G/L

  Kelly's Ford (VA029)                    --                               G/L

  Killdeer Mountain (ND005)            STATE                      F/L

  Marais des Cygnes (KS004)          FWS                          G/L

  McDowell (VA102)                      --                               G/L

  Middle Creek (KY005)                  --                               G/L

  Middleburg (VA037)                     --                               G/L

  Mine Creek (KS003)                     STATE                      G/L

  Natural Bridge (FL006)                 STATE                      G/L

  Old Church (VA059)                     --                               G/L

  Pickett's Mills (GA012)                  STATE                      G/L

  Plains Store (LA009)                     --                               F/L

  Poison Spring (AR014)                  STATE                      G/L

  Ream's Station (V068)                   --                               G/L

  Sabine Pass (TX001)                     STATE                      F/L

  Saint Charles (AR002)                   FWS                          F/L

  Santa Rosa Island (FL001)             NPS                          G/L

  Shepherdstown (WV016)               --                              F/L

  Staunton R. Bridge (VA113)          STATE                      G/L

  Thoroughfare Gap (VA025)           --                               F/L

  Upperville (VA038)                       --                               G/L

  Williamsport (MD004)                   NPS                          F/L

  Wood Lake (MN002)                    --                               F/L

 

III.4.  Class D, good or fair integrity, low threats.

 

Battlefield                                     Public                       Integrity/

(Reference No.)                            Agency                     Threat

 

  Auburn (VA039)                           --                               G/L

  Auburn (VA041)                           --                               G/L

  Cove Mountain (VA109)               --                               G/L

  Dead Buffalo Lake (ND002)         --                               F/L

  Dry Wood Creek (MO005)            --                               G/L

  Eltham's Landing (VA011)             --                               G/L

  Fort Anderson (NC010)                 --                               F/L

  Greenbrirr River.(Cp. Bartow)(WV007) --                       F/L

  Hancock (MD001)                        --                               F/L

  Hill's Plantation (AR003)               --                               F/L

  Jackson (TN009)                           --                               G/L

  Kessler's Cross Lanes (WV004)    --                               F/L

  Liberty (MO003)                           --                               F/L

  Manassas Gap (VA108)                --                               G/L

  Marmiton River (MO028)              --                               G/L

  Morton's Ford (VA045)                 --                               G/L

  Mount Zion Church (MO010)         --                               F/L

  Namozine Church (VA124)           --                               G/L

  Old Fort Wayne (OK004)              --                               F/L

  Old River Lake (AR017)               --                               F/L

  Palmeto Ranch (TX005)                FWS                          G/L

  Rivers' Bridge (SC011)                  STATE                      G/L

  Roan's Tan Yard (MO011)            --                               F/L

  Rowlett's Station (KY004)             --                               G/L

  Sappony Church (VA067)              --                               F/L

  Simmon's Bluff (SC003)                --                               F/L

  South Mills (NC005)                      --                               G/L

  Stirling's Plantation (LA016)           COE                          F/L

  Stony Lake (ND003)                     --                               F/L

  Tranter's Creek (NC006)               --                               G/L

  Vaught's Hill (TN014)                   --                               G/L

  Whitestone Hill (ND004)               STATE                      F/L

 

 

PRIORITY IV:  FRAGMENTED BATTLEFIELDS

 

IV.1.  All classes, poor integrity

 

Battlefield                                     Public                       Integrity/

(Reference No.)                            Agency                     Threat

 

  Second Fredericksburg (VA034)    NPS                          B

  Arkansas Post (AR006)                 NPS                          C

  Athens (AL002)                            --                               D

  Baton Rouge (LA003)                   --                               B

  Belmont (MO009)                         STATE                      C

  Blackburn's Ford (VA004)             --                               C

  Blue Springs (TN020)                    --                               D

  Bull's Gap (TN033)                       --                               D

  Byram's Ford (MO026)                 --                               B

  Clark's Mill (MO017)                     --                               D

  Collierville (TN022)                       --                                D

  Corinth (MS002)                           --                               A

  Dallas (GA011)                             --                               C

  Dalton III (GA024)                        --                               C

  Dandridge (TN028)                       --                               C

  Darbytown Road (VA078)             --                               D

  Folck's Mill (MD008)                     --                               D

  Fort Bisland (LA006)                     COE                          D

  Fort Fisher (NC014)                      ARMY/STATE         C

  Fort Fisher (NC015)                      ARMY/STATE         A

  Franklin (TN016)                           --                               D

  Franklin (TN036)                           --                               A

  Fredericksburg (VA028)                NPS                          A

  Front Royal (VA103)                     --                               C

  Fts Jackson/St. Phillip (LA001)      --                               A

  Galveston (TX002)                        --                               D

  Galveston (TX003)                        --                               B

  Georgia Landing (LA005)              --                               C

  Globe Tavern (VA072)                  NPS                          B

  Goodrich's Landing (LA014)          --                               D

  Guard Hill (VA117)                       --                               C

  Hartville (MO019)                         --                               D

  Hatteras Inlet Batt. (NC001)          NPS                          C

  Helena (AR008)                            --                               B

  Iuka (MS001)                                --                               C

  Jerusalem Plank Road (VA065)     --                               B

  Kock's Plantation (LA015)             --                               C

  Lexington (MO023)                       --                               D

  Little Blue River (MO024)             --                               D

  Manassas Station Opns (VA024)   --                               B

  Marietta (GA013a)                        --                               B

  Marion (VA081)                           --                               D

  Mossy Creek (TN027)                   --                               D

  New Berne (NC003)                     --                               B

  New Market (VA110)                   STATE                      B

  New Orleans (LA002)                   NPS                          B

  Opequon (VA119)                         --                               A

  Philippi (WV001)                           --                               D

  Proctor's Creek (VA053)               NPS                          B

  Rappahannock Station (VA043)     --                               B

  Rutherford's Farm (VA115)           --                               D

  Salem Church (VA033)                 NPS                          B

  Savage's Station (VA019)              --                               C

  Second Kernstown (VA116)          --                               B

  Second Winchester (VA107)         --                               B

  Springfield (MO018)                      --                               D

  Stones River (TN010)                    NPS                          A

  Suffolk (Norfleet Hse) (VA030)     --                               C

  Totopotomy Creek (VA057)          --                               B

  Utoy Creek (GA019)                     --                               C

  Waynesborough (VA027)              --                               C

  White Hall (NC008)                      --                               D

  Yellow Bayou (LA023)                 --                               C

  Yellow Tavern (VA052)                --                               C

 

IV.2.  All classes, lost integrity.

 

Battlefield                                     Public                       Integrity/

(Reference No.)                            Agency                     Threat

 

  Appomattox Station (VA096)         --                               B

  Atlanta (GA017)                           --                               B

  Barbourville (KY001)                    --                               D

  Baxter Springs (KS002)                 --                               C

  Bayou Fourche (AR010a)              COE                          B

  Bean's Station (TN026)                 TVA                         D

  Beaverdam Creek (VA016)           NPS                          B

  Big Bethel (VA003)                      ARMY                      C

  Blountsville (TN019)                      --                               D

  Campbell's Station (TN023)           --                               D

  Cape Girardeau (MO020)              --                               D

  Chantilly (VA027)                         --                               B

  Chattanooga (TN005)                    --                               D

  Chattanooga (TN018)                    --                               D

  Chester Station (VA051)               --                               D

  Chusto-Talasah (OK002)               --                               D

  Columbia (TN034)                         --                               C

  Darbytown & New Mrkt (VA077) --                               C

  Decatur (AL004)                          --                               C

  Donaldsonville (LA004)                 --                               D

  Donaldsonville (LA013)                 COE                          D

  Dover (TN012)                             --                               D

  Ezra Church (GA018)                    --                               B

  First Winchester (VA104)              --                               A

  Fort Brooke (FL004)                     AF                            D

  Fort Henry (TN001)                      TVA                         B

  Fort Sanders (TN025)                    --                               B

  Fort Stevens (DC001)                    NPS                          B

  Fort Wagner (SC005)                    --                               D

  Fort Wagner/Morris Isl. (SC007)    --                               B

  Garnett's/Golding's Fm (VA018)     --                               D

  Glasgow (MO022)                         --                               C

  Goldsborough Bridge (NC009)       --                               C

  Independence (MO014)                 --                               D

  Independence (MO025)                 --                               C

  Ivy Mountain (KY003)                  --                               D

  Jackson (MS008)                          --                               B

  Johnsonville (TN032)                     TVA                         B

  Jonesborough (GA022)                  --                               A

  Kinston (NC007)                           --                               D

  Kirksville (MO013)                        --                               D

  Lawrence (KS001)                        --                               C

  Lynchburg (VA064)                      --                               B

  Memphis (TN031)                         --                               C

  Meridian (MS012)                         --                               C

  Milliken's Bend (LA011)                COE                          C

  Moorefield (WV013)                     --                                C

  Murfreesborough (TN006)             --                               C

  Nashville (TN038)                         --                               A

  New Madrid/Island 10 (MO012)    --                               A

  Oak Grove (VA015)                      --                               D

  Paducah (KY010)                         --                               C

  Peachtree Creek (GA016)             --                               B

  Petersburg (VA098)                      --                               D

  Pine Bluff (AR011)                       --                               D

  Plymouth (NC012)                        --                               C

  Princeton Courthouse (WV009)     --                               C

  Selma (AL007)                             --                               B

  Seven Pines (VA014)                    --                               B

  Sewell's Point (VA001)                 --                               D

  Spanish Fort (AL005)                    --                               B

  Springfield (MO008)                      --                               D

  St. Johns Bluff (FL003)                 NPS                          D

  Tampa (FL002)                             AF                            D

  Tupelo (MS015)                            NPS                          B

  Vermillion Bayou (LA008)             --                               D

  Washington (NC011)                     --                               D

  Wauhatchie (TN021)                     --                               B

  Waynesboro (VA123)                   --                               B

  Westport (MO027)                        --                               A

  Wilmington (NC016)                      --                               D

 

================================================

 

NOTES:

 

1. Recommended priorities are discussed in preceeding text

section -- "Battlefield Preservation Priorities."  All sites are

included in priorities except for 16 with inadequate information

to fully classify.

 

2.  There often are multiple names for single battles and,

conversely, were multiple battles at a single site.  The

Commission has assigned a sequential reference number to each

principal battle event within a state.  Reference to Petersburg

(VA063) means the June 15-18, 1864 battle (and site) and is the

sixty-third in our inventory of Virginia battlefields.  It is not

to be confused with Petersburg (VA098), which occurred 6 days

earlier, or Petersburg (VA089) which occurred in 1865.

Similarly, we can avoid being confused by Tupelo (MS015) -- the

fifteenth battle in our Mississippi inventory -- when it is

called by its other name of Harrisburg so long as the reference

number is used.

 

3.  Battlefields with some public ownership (often very

little), or within authorized park boundaries.  Federal agency

abbreviations:  AF = US Air Force; CG = US Coast Guard; COE = US

Army Corps of Engineers; FWS = US Fish and Wildlife Service; FS =

US Forest Service; NPS = National Park Service; TVA = Tennessee

Valley Authority; VA = Department of Veterans Affairs.  STATE

signifies state park only.

 

4.  Integrity Key:  G, F, P = Good, Fair, Poor.  Threats Key:  H, M, L = High, Moderate, Low. 

 

5.  For Priorities IV.1 and .2, integrity and threats classifications are replaced with military importance class.

 

 

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