• Aerial photo of Mound City Group - Photo courtesy of Ryan Fisher

    Hopewell Culture

    National Historical Park Ohio


Henry Shetrone & William Mills

Henry Shetrone & William Mills during excavation at Mound City, ca. 1920

Photo courtesy of Ohio Historical Society

Hopewell Culture curates a collection of 167,000 museum objects and archival items relating to the prehistory and history of the park and vicinity. The collection was amassed over a period of more than 75 years from a variety of sources and toward various ends, and continues to grow.

The core of the collection derives from excavations undertaken at the Mound City Group between 1920 and 1922 after the decommissioning and abandonment of Camp Sherman. Camp Sherman was a sprawling World War I Army training camp that was active between 1917 and 1920. Mound City was located in part, on the northern grounds of the cantonment. The excavations were conducted under the auspices of the Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society. William C. Mills provided overall direction for the investigations and Henry C. Shetrone directed the field operations (pictured right).

Mica, Whelk Shells, Knife River Flint, Effigy Pipe
Clockwise: Mica Sheets, Whelk Shells, Effigy Pipes & Knife River Flint.

Did You Know?

State Route 104 entrance

Established on March 2nd, 1923 as Mound City Group National Monument, the park was the first federally created National Park Service site in Ohio. President Warren G. Harding, a native of Ohio, established the national monument using powers granted to him under Section 2 of the 1906 Antiquities Act. The park was eventually re-named Hopewell Culture National Historical Park on May 27th, 1992 after congressional legislation was approved in the House and the Senate. More...