Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
National Council for the Social Studies
Theme II: Time, Continuity and Change
- Standard A - The student demonstrates an understanding that different scholars may describe the same event or situation in different ways but must provide reasons or evidence for their views.
- Standard B - The student identifies and uses key concepts such as chronology, causality, change, conflict, and complexity to explain, analyze, and show connections among patterns of historical change and continuity.
- Standard F - The student uses knowledge of facts and concepts drawn from history, along with methods of historical inquiry, to inform decision-making about and action-taking on public issues.
Theme III: People, Places and Environments
- Standard A - The student elaborates mental maps of locales, regions, and the world that demonstrate understanding of relative location, direction, size, and shape.
- Standard B - The student creates, interprets, uses, and distinguishes various representations of the earth, such as maps, globes, and photographs.
- Standard D - The student estimates distance, calculates scale, and distinguishes other geographic relationships such as population density and spatial distribution patterns.
- Standard G - The student describes how people create places that reflect cultural values and ideals as they build neighborhoods, parks, shopping centers, and the like.
- Standard K - The student proposes, compares, and evaluates alternative uses of land and resources in communities, regions, nations, and the world.
Theme IV: Individual Development & Identity
- Standard A - The student relates personal changes to social, cultural, and historical contexts.
- Standard B - The student describes personal connections to places associated with community, nation, and world.
- Standard E - The student identifies and describes ways regional, ethnic, and national cultures influence individuals' daily lives.
- Standard F - The student identifies and describes the influence of perception, attitudes, values, and beliefs on personal identity.
- Standard H - The student works independently and cooperatively to accomplish goals.
Theme V: Individuals, Groups, and Institutions
- Standard A -The student demonstrates an understanding of concepts such as role, status, and social class in describing the interactions of individuals and social groups.
- Standard C - The student describes the various forms institutions take and the interactions of people with institutions.
- Standard E - The student identifies and describes examples of tensions between belief systems and government policies and laws.
- Standard F - The student describes the role of institutions in furthering both continuity and change.
- Standard G - The student applies knowledge of how groups and institutions work to meet individual needs and promote the common good.
- Standard H - The student explains and applies concepts such as power, role, statue, justice and influence to the examination of persistent issues and social problems.
- Standard I - The student gives examples and explains how government attempts to achieve their stated ideals at home and abroad.
Theme VI: Power, Authority, & Governance
- Standard A - The student examines issues involving the rights, roles and status of the individual in relation to the general welfare.
- Standard C - The student analyzes and explains ideas and governmental mechanisms to meet wants and needs of citizens, regulate territory, manage conflict, and establish order and security.
- Standard F - The student explains conditions, actions, and motivations that contribute to conflict and cooperation within and among nations.
- Standard H - The student explains and applies concepts such as power, role, status, justice, and influence to the examination of persistent issues and social problems.
- Standard I - The student gives examples of how governments attempt to achieve their stated ideals at home and abroad.
Theme X: Civic Ideals and Practices
- Standard A - The student examines the origins and continuing influence of key ideals of the democratic republican form of government, such as individual human dignity, liberty, justice, equality, and the rule of law.
- Standard B - The student identifies and interprets sources and examples of the rights and responsibilities of citizens.
- Standard C - The student locates, accesses, analyzes, organizes, and applies information about selected public issues recognizing and explaining multiple points of view.
- Standard D - The student practices forms of civic discussion and participation consistent with the ideals of citizens in a democratic republic.
- Standard F - The student identifies and explains the roles of formal and informal political actors in influencing and shaping public policy and decision-making.
- Standard G - The student analyzes the influence of diverse forms of public opinion on the development of public policy and decision making.
- Standard H - The student analyzes the effectiveness of selected public policies and citizen behaviors in realizing the stated ideals of a democratic republican form of government.
- Standard I - The student explains the relationship between policy statements and action plans used to address issues of public concern.
- Standard J - The student examines strategies designed to strengthen the "common good," which consider a range of options for citizen action.