|The Northern Hotel is eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places under criteria A and C at the local level of significance. The period of significance for the Northern Hotel is from 1942 to 1960. The Northern Hotel is significant under Criterion A for its historic association with the commercial development and social history of downtown Billings, Montana. The first Northern Hotel , erected in 1904, burned in 1940 but was quickly rebuilt and reopened in July 1942 just after the United States' entry into World War II. The 1942 Northern Hotel rose from the ashes of the 1904 hotel as the city's most elegant hotel and occupies the same footprint as the original hotel. The Northern, as it is generally called, continued the tradition previously established as an important center of economic , commercial and social events of Billings and the surrounding region. The Northern Hotel is also eligible for listing in the National Register under Criterion C as representative of the Simplistic Modern architectural style of pre-World War II. Designed by the Chicago architectural firm of Holabird and Root, the Northern Hotel represents the firm's philosophy of austere hotel design at that time, where form follows function, with strong horizontal emphasis on the lower and upper floors .