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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name North Little Rock Veterans Administration Hospital Historic District
Reference Number 13000021
State Arkansas
County Pulaski
Town North Little Rock
Street Address 2200 Fort Roots Drive, North Little Rock, Arkansas
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 02/20/2013
Areas of Significance Politics/Government, Health/Medicine, Architecture
Link to full file http://www.nps.gov/history/nr/feature/places/pdfs/13000021.pdf
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The North Little Rock VA Hospital Historic District is an excellent example of a neuropsychiatric Second Generation Veterans Hospital that incorporates design elements of both Period I and ll along with preexisting buildings relating to the military post dating to the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. The North Little Rock VA Hospital Historic District contains numerous resources dating to the period when the site was occupied by a military post known as Fort Logan H. Roots. Additional resources constructed by the U.S. Public Health Service, the Veterans Bureau, and later the VA also remain within the historic district boundary. The Veterans Bureau and VA added or modified existing buildings to accommodate the neuropsychiatric medical needs of the region's veterans. The North Little Rock VA Hospital Historic District displays elements of several periods of U.S. military/federal construction, including Period I of Second Generation Veterans Hospitals dating from 1919 to the mid-1920s and Period ll that continues from the late 1920s through 1950. The North Little Rock VA Hospital Historic District is an excellent example of the adaption of existing federal properties to the needs of veterans requiring neuropsychiatric care. Numerous resources within the historic district predate the period of significance (1921-f950) and achieve contributing status as representative examples of the acquisition and adaption of existing federally-owned properties for use as federal medical facilities for veterans. The North Little Rock VA Hospital Historic District is eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) under Criterion A at the state level in the areas of politics/government because of the importance placed on securing the federal facility and its impact on the local community and veterans throughout Arkansas. The North Little Rock VA Hospital Historic District is also eligible under Criterion A at the state level in the areas of health/medicine because of the mission of the federal government, through the U.S. Public Health Service, the Veterans Bureau, and the VA, to provide neuropsychiatric health care to veterans of World War I and World War ll. This facility is also eligible under Criterion C in the area of architecture at the state level as the North Little Rock VA Hospital Historic District is an intact example of a facility that includes buildings dating prior to the period of significance and incorporating design elements of both Period I and Period ll Second Generation Veterans Hospitals. This includes incorporating elements of Colonial Revival and Classical Revival architectural styles that were nationally popular in the early to mid{twentieth century. While not fully-executed examples of the styles, the use of symmetrical fenestration, central projecting pavilions, pediments pierced by lunettes, elaborate door surrounds, gable- or hip-roof dormers, and tripartite windows reflect the influence of the Colonial Revival and Classical Revival styles that were fashionable in the early decades of the twentieth century and continued beyond World War ll. The North Little Rock VA Hospital Historic District also exhibits standardized building designs that were incorporated into the campuses of Period ll neuropsychiatric Second Generation Veterans Hospitals, such as the H-shape patient ward/treatment buildings. The Fort Logan H. Roots Military Post was listed in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in 1974. The resources already listed in the approximately 29-acre NRHP historic district under the previous nomination are considered contributing elements to the North Little Rock VA Hospital Historic District because they were present and utilized by the hospital during the historic district's period of significance. Construction began in 1921 with the transfer of Fort Logan H. Roots to the U.S. Public Health Service and continued to 1950 with various additions and new buildings constructed within the historic district. The North Little Rock VA Hospital Historic District was initially designated a neuropsychiatric hospital, and it retained this designation throughout the period of significance. The historic district continues to retain characteristics of the neuropsychiatric veterans hospital sub-type while incorporating the preexisting buildings and campus design of the military post. The period of significance and assessment of contributing and noncontributing resources for this nomination are based on the historic district's significance within the historic contexts developed in the United States Second Generation Veterans Hospitals Multiple Property Documentation Form (MPDF). Resources constructed after 1950, and thus considered non contributing within this nomination, may possess significance under themes not fully developed as part of the MPDF. Resources located within the North Little North Little Rock Veterans Administration Hospital Historic District Pulaski County, Arkansas Name of Property County and State Rock campus of the Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System may be eligible or contributing for other associations or contexts under National Register Criteria A-D, or recent buildings/structures may be eligible under Criteria Consideration G, for resources of exceptional importance that are less than 50 years of age.

 

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria