Properties that are composed of integral parts of the environment not sufficiently significant by reason of historical association or artistic merit to warrant individual recognition but collectively compose an entity of exceptional historical or artistic significance, or outstandingly commemorate or illustrate a way of life or culture.
This criterion covers groups of resources known as historic districts. Most of the individual resources within historic districts could not stand alone as National Historic Landmarks; however, collectively they are associated with a nationally significant event, movement, or broad pattern of national development.
A majority of the historic districts that are recognized by this criterion are nationally significant for their extraordinary historic importance in illustrating or commemorating a way of life or culture. Criterion 5 is rarely used on its own; many of these historic districts also use Criterion 1.
Please note: this criterion is rarely used for historic districts that are nationally significant for their architectural significance under Criterion 4.
Click here for a Criterion 5 example: Skidmore/Old Town Historic District, OR
photograph by u^ via Flickr
Butte-Anaconda Historic District, MT:
The Butte-Anaconda Historic District is a unique and outstanding part of America’s built environment that is critical to understanding and appreciating broad patterns of the nation’s extractive mining and labor history. The historic district powerfully illustrates the dramatic changes that resulted from America’s emergence as the world’s leading industrial nation. The meteoric rise of Butte-Anaconda to the pinnacle of world copper production was inherently linked with the advent of the Age of Electricity and the corresponding industrial revolution of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
photograph by Alki1 via Flickr
Skidmore/Old Town Historic District, OR: This large commercial district marks
the site where the city of Portland started and flourished. Dating from the mid- to late-nineteenth century, these buildings were built
in a variety of High Victorian architectural styles; a large number feature cast-iron fronts, making up one of the
most impressive historic commercial
districts on the West Coast.