FR Doc E8-23953[Federal Register: October 9, 2008 (Volume 73, Number 197)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: San Diego Museum
of Man, San Diego, CA
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the San Diego Museum
of Man, San Diego, CA, that meet the definition of "unassociated
funerary objects" or "objects of cultural patrimony" under 25 U.S.C.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
items. The National Park Service is not
responsible for the determinations in this notice.
The cultural items are 26 unassociated funerary objects and 2
objects of cultural patrimony.
In 1959, cultural items were removed by M.J. Rogers from an
abandoned Papago Village approximately four miles west of Covered
Wells, Pima County, AZ, on the south side of Highway 86. The 26
unassociated funerary objects are 24 pottery sherds, 1 cockle shell
fragment, and 1 metavolcanic stone (possibly rhyolite) scraper.
The 24 pottery sherds are reasonably believed to have been placed
as part of a pottery sacrifice on graves covered with boulders. Based
on consultation with tribal representative of the Tohono O'odham Nation
of Arizona, the cockle shell frament and metavolcanic stone scraper are
also reasonably believed to be unassociated funerary objects.
In 1976, one medicine bundle container (dated to circa 1930) was
acquired from Mrs. Martinez of Havanna Naka (Crow Hang) Village on what
was called the Papago Reservation. The medicine bundle belonged to Mrs.
Martinez' husband, a local medicine man.
In 1986, one Wihosa mask was acquired from Sylvester Matthias, a
Pima, from Komatke, AZ, who inherited it as the last person in the
(hereditary) line. The cultural item is used in the Navichu ceremony.
Based on consultation with a tribal representative of the Tohono
O'odham Nation of Arizona, the officials of the San Diegeo Museum of
Man have reasonably determined that the two cultural items are objects
of cultural patrimony used in important ceremonies of the O'odham
people and could not have been alienated by a single individual.
Recorded information from museum records about the unassociated
funerary items and items of cultural patrimony states that all the
items were located on either traditional Papago (Tohono O'odham) or
Pima (Akimel O'odham) land. Descendants of the O'odham people are
members of the Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona.
Consultation with a tribal representative of the Gila River Indian
Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona, also
determined that the cultural items, whether traditional Pima or Papago,
should be repatriated to the Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona based on
the location of where they were found.
Officials of the San Diego Museum of Man have determined that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the 26 cultural items described
above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near
individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the
death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the
evidence, to have been removed from a specific burial site of a Native
American individual. Officials of the San Diego Museum of Man also have
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the two cultural
items described above have ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural
importance central to the Native American group or culture itself,
rather than property owned by an individual. Lastly, officials of the
San Diego Museum of Man have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C.
3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be
reasonably traced between the unassociated funerary objects and objects
of cultural patrimony and the Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects and
objects of cultural patrimony should contact Philip Hoog, NAGPRA
Coordinator, San Diego Museum of Man, 1350 El Prado, Balboa Park, San
Diego, CA 92101, telephone (619) 239-2001, before November 10, 2008.
Repatriation of the unassociated funerary objects and objects of
cultural patrimony to the Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona may proceed
after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
The San Diego Museum of Man is responsible for notifying the Gila
River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona
and Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona that this notice has been
Dated: September 10, 2008
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E8-23953 Filed 10-8-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S
Back to the top