[Federal Register: July 8, 2002 (Volume 67, Number 130)]
[Notices]
[Page 45145-45146]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr08jy02-84]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items in the Possession
of the Connecticut State Museum of Natural History, University of
Connecticut, Storrs, CT

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with the Native American
Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.10 (a)(3),
of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the
Connecticut State Museum of Natural History, University of Connecticut
that meet the definition of ``unassociated funerary objects'' under
Section 2 of the Act.
     This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these
cultural items.

[[Page 45146]]

 The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations
within this notice.
    The 10 cultural items are a string of clamshell wampum beads, a
brass arrow point, three stone pestles, an iron trade hatchet, an iron
spike, a brass trade cooking pan, a brass trade kettle, and a brass
button.
    In 1942, these cultural items were removed during excavations
related to a home lot development project from in Mystic, CT, and were
sold by the property owner, Mr. Al Kowsz, to Mr. Norris L. Bull
sometime thereafter. In 1963, the family of Norris L. Bull donated the
cultural items to the University of Connecticut; the items were held by
the Department of Anthropology at the University of Connecticut until
1994, when they were accessioned by the Connecticut State Museum of
Natural History. Museum records indicate that the cultural items were
found with the human remains of five Native American individuals. The
Connecticut State Museum of Natural History is not in possession of the
human remains from these burials.
    Based on geographic and historical evidence, the area in which the
burials were located coincides with the aboriginal territory of the
Pequot Indians, and lies in close proximity to the site of the Pequot
Fort attacked by John Mason in 1637. The stylistic attributes of the
burial goods are consistent with a 17th century date for the burials.
Members of the Mashantucket Pequot Tribe of Connecticut are the direct
descendants of the Pequot Indians.
     Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the
Connecticut State Museum of Natural History have determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2)(ii), the 10 cultural items listed above
are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual
human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite
or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to
have been removed from a specific burial site of a Native American
individual. Officials of the Connecticut State Museum of Natural
History also have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there
is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably
traced between these unassociated funerary objects and the Mashantucket
Pequot Tribe of Connecticut.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Mashantucket Pequot
Tribe of Connecticut and the Mohegan Indian Tribe of Connecticut.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be
culturally affiliated with these unassociated funerary objects should
contact Nicholas F. Bellantoni, Connecticut State Archaeologist, Office
of State Archaeology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269-4214,
telephone (860) 486-5248 before August 7, 2002. Repatriation of these
unassociated funerary objects to the Mashantucket Pequot Tribe of
Connecticut may begin after that date if no additional claimants come
forward.

    Dated: March 20, 2002.
Robert Stearns,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 02-17091 Filed 7-5-02 8:45 am]
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