[Federal Register: May 10, 1996 (Volume 61, Number 92)]
[Notices]
[Page 21486-21487]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item in the Possession
of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University,
Cambridge, MA

AGENCY: National Park Service

ACTION: Notice

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

    Notice is hereby given under the Native American Graves Protection
and Repatriation Act, 25 U.S.C. 3005 (a)(2), of the intent to
repatriate a cultural item in the possession of the Peabody Museum of
Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, which
meets the definition of ``sacred object'' and ``object of cultural
patrimony''.
    The Beaver bundle consists of a painted elk skin outer wrapping,
with

[[Page 21487]]

an inner wrapping of bison hide, containing nineteen bird skins or body
parts, and a composite consisting of two bird skins; four squirrel, two
beaver, four muskrat skins; one mink, one weasel and one fawn skin;
also contained are six tied bladder bags, four sticks, a buffalo rib,
and a badger skin fur bag containing a bladder bag, tobacco, a bone awl
and a beaded fur charm. An auxiliary bundle holds two skin bags
containing red and black paint, a skin bag with a buffalo rock, eleven
hide rattles, a rectangle of painted rawhide, one rattle of elk hooves,
eight sticks, and two braids of sweet grass. Accessories include a pipe
stem with a red bayeta case and red bayeta outer wrapping, and a
section of wooden broomstick.
    The Beaver bundle was obtained by Frank Red Crow in 1942, who sold
it to Madge Hardin Walters collecting on behalf of the Denver Art
Museum. In 1952 the Denver Art Museum transferred ownership to the
Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology.
    Evidence provided by representatives of the Blackfeet Nation acting
on behalf of the Blackfeet Confederacy (including the Piegan and Blood
First Nations of Canada) shows that the Beaver Bundle is urgently
needed for the continued practice of traditional Blackfeet religion by
present-day adherents. Representatives of the Blackfeet Nation further
state that this item has ongoing traditional and cultural importance to
the Confederacy and could not have been conveyed or otherwise alienated
by any individual tribal member.
    Authorities of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service and
State Fish and Wildlife Agencies have been contacted regarding
applicability of Federal and State wildlife legislation and have
concurred in the conclusion that there are no prohibitions on the
transfer of the bundle.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology have determined that, pursuant to
25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(C), this cultural item is a specific ceremonial
object needed by traditional Native American religious leaders for the
practice of traditional Native American religions by their present-day
adherents. Officials of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology
also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), this
cultural item has ongoing historical, traditional, and cultural
importance central to the culture itself, and could not have been
alienated, appropriated, or conveyed by any individual. Further,
Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology officials have determined
that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared
group identity which can be reasonably traced between these items and
the Blackfeet Nation.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with this object should contact Mrs. Barbara
Isaac, Assistant Director, Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology,
11 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, telephone: (617) 495-2254
before June 10, 1996. Repatriation of the object to the Blackfeet
Nation may begin after that date if no additional claimants come
forward.
Dated: May 6, 1996
Francis P. McManamon
Departmental Consulting Archeologist
Chief, Archeology & Ethnography Program
[FR Doc. 96-11791 Filed 5-9-96; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

Back to the top

Back to National-NAGPRA