FR Doc 2010-20950[Federal Register: August 24, 2010 (Volume 75, Number 163)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Inventory Completion: New York University College of
Dentistry, New York, NY
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the
completion of an inventory of human remains in the possession of the
New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY. The human
remains were removed from Port Clarence, Nome County, AK.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native
American human remains. The National Park Service is not responsible
for the determinations in this notice.
A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by New York
University College of Dentistry professional staff in consultation with
representatives of the Native Village of Brevig Mission and Native
Village of Teller.
At an unknown date, human remains representing a minimum of one
individual were removed from an unidentified site at Port Clarence,
Nome County, AK, by an unknown individual. By 1924, the human remains
were donated to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation by
Mrs. George Heye. In 1956, the human remains were transferred to Dr.
Theodore Kazamiroff, New York University College of Dentistry (NYUCD
334). No known individual was identified. No associated
funerary objects are present.
Museum of the American Indian records list the origin of the human
remains as Port Clarence, AK, which is located on the Seward Peninsula.
The morphology of the human remains is consistent with Native American
ancestry. In the late 19th century, Edward William Nelson, Smithsonian
Institution naturalist, observed burials in the region. The human
remains were placed in wooden boxes that were elevated onto poles. The
boxes or poles were marked with totems to which tools or other
necessary items were attached. The boxes were exposed and highly
visible to collectors. Based on the preservation observed in
excavations on the Seward Peninsula, it is likely that the human
remains are associated with the Western Thule tradition, and postdate
In the Western Thule tradition, the people of the Seward Peninsula
were highly localized, with differences in their lifeways based on the
particular resources available in their territory. Localization may
have occurred alongside the development of geopolitical boundaries.
Port Clarence was focused on whaling, and was part of the Sinrarmiut or
Port Clarence territory of Inupiaq speakers at the time of European
contact. Today, the descendants of the people of Port Clarence are
represented by the Native Villages of Brevig Mission and Teller. Both
communities made seasonal use of Port Clarence in the 20th century, and
tribal representatives have identified Port Clarence as part of their
Officials of New York University College of Dentistry have
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains
described above represent the physical remains of one individual of
Native American ancestry. Officials of New York University College of
Dentistry also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2),
there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably
traced between the Native American human remains and the Native Village
of Brevig Mission and Native Village of Teller.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the human remains should contact Dr.
Louis Terracio, New York University College of Dentistry, 345 East 24th
St., New York, NY 10010, telephone (212) 998-9917, before September 23,
2010. Repatriation of the human remains to the Native Village of Brevig
Mission and Native Village of Teller may proceed after that date if no
additional claimants come forward.
The New York University College of Dentistry is responsible for
notifying the Native Village of Brevig Mission and Native Village of
Teller that this notice has been published.
Dated: August 18, 2010.
Acting Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2010-20950 Filed 8-23-10; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S
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