FR Doc E6-12030
[Federal Register: July 27, 2006 (Volume 71, Number 144)]
[Notices]               
[Page 42667-42669]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr27jy06-68]                         

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion: Horner Collection, Oregon State 
University, Corvallis, OR

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the 
completion of an inventory of a Native American associated funerary 
object in the possession of the Horner Collection,

[[Page 42668]]

Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. The associated funerary object 
was removed from an unidentified location in the Sonora Desert near 
Tucson, Pima County, AZ.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). 
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the 
associated funerary object. The National Park Service is not 
responsible for the determinations in this notice.
    A detailed assessment of the associated funerary object was made by 
the Horner Collection, Oregon State University professional staff in 
consultation with representatives of the Kumeyaay Cultural Repatriation 
Committee, a coalition of federally recognized Indian tribes; Tohono 
O'odham Nation of Arizona; and Yavapai-Prescott Tribe of the Yavapai 
Reservation, Arizona. The Kumeyaay Cultural Repatriation Committee is 
acting on behalf of the Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission 
Indians of the Barona Reservation, California; Campo Band of Diegueno 
Mission Indians of the Campo Indian Reservation, California; 
Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay Indians, California; Inaja Band of 
Diegueno Mission Indians of the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, 
California; Jamul Indian Village of California; La Posta Band of 
Diegueno Mission Indins of the La Posta Indian Reservation, California; 
Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Manzanita 
Reservation, California; Mesa Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians 
of the Mesa Grande Reservation, California; San Pasqual Band of 
Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Santa Ysabel Band of Diegueno 
Mission Indians of the Santa Ysabel Reservation, California; Sycuan 
Band of the Kumeyaay Nation; and Viejas (Baron Long) Group of Capitan 
Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Viejas Reservation, California. 
The Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona is acting on behalf of the Ak Chin 
Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona; 
Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, 
Arizona; Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt River 
Reservation, Arizona; and themselves. The Cocopah Indian Tribe of 
Arizona; Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian 
Reservation, Arizona and California; Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, 
Arizona; Fort Mojave Indian Tribe of Arizona, California, & Nevada; 
Havasupai Tribe of the Havasupai Reservation, Arizona; Hopi Tribe of 
Arizona; Hualapai Indian Tribe of the Hualapai Indian Reservation, 
Arizona; Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians of the Kaibab Indian 
Reservation, Arizona; Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico, & Utah; 
Pascua Yaqui Tribe of Arizona; Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian 
Reservation, California & Arizona; San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San 
Carlos Reservation, Arizona; San Juan Southern Paiute Tribe of Arizona; 
Tonto Apache Tribe of Arizona; White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort 
Apache Reservation, Arizona; and Yavapai-Apache Nation of the Camp 
Verde Indian Reservation, Arizona were advised of the associated 
funerary object, but did not participate in the consultations.
    The Museum of the Oregon Country, Oregon Agricultural College was 
renamed the John B. Horner Museum of the Oregon Country in 1936, and 
became commonly known as the Horner Museum. The Oregon Agricultural 
College was renamed the Oregon State College in 1937, and became Oregon 
State University in 1962. The Horner Museum closed in 1995. Currently, 
cultural items from the Horner Museum are referred to as the Horner 
Collection, which is owned by, and in the possession of, Oregon State 
University.
    In 1976, a ceramic jar, later determined to be an associated 
funerary object, was found in the Sonora Desert near Tucson, Pima 
County, AZ. In 1986, the cultural item was gifted to the Horner Museum 
by Donald A. Cruise and Edith W. Cruise of Tucson, AZ. It is unknown if 
the jar was found by either of the Cruises.
    The ceramic jar is red in color and made of micaceous clay. It 
measures 29 cm high, 20 cm in diameter at the opening, and its 
circumference is 97 cm at the widest point. The ceramic jar is similar 
to plainware types typically found at Hohokam sites in Arizona. 
Archeological evidence has demonstrated that pit or urn cremations were 
the predominant Hohokam burial practice prior to A.D. 1100. Extended 
supine inhumations then became more prevalent, completely replacing 
cremations by A.D. 1300. There is no information in the Horner Museum 
records indicating this jar ever held human remains. However, both the 
Kumeyaay Cultural Repatriation Committee and Tohono O'odham Nation of 
Arizona have identified this as a jar possibly used to hold cremated 
human remains. The Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona have also stated 
that the jar could also have been used as a grave offering. Therefore, 
officials of the Horner Collection recognize that while ceramic jars 
had other uses within Hohokam culture, it is reasonable to believe this 
ceramic jar was made exclusively for burial purposes.
    Archeological evidence has demonstrated a strong relationship of 
shared group identity between the Hohokam and the present-day O'odham 
(Pima and Papago) and Hopi people. The O'odham people are currently 
represented by the Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) 
Indian Reservation, Arizona; Gila River Indian Community of the Gila 
River Indian Reservation, Arizona; Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian 
Community of the Salt River Reservation, Arizona; and Tohono O'odham 
Nation of Arizona. In 1990, representatives of the Ak Chin Indian 
Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona; Gila 
River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona; 
Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt River 
Reservation, Arizona; and Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona issued a 
joint policy statement claiming ancestral ties to the Hohokam cultural 
traditions.
    Officials of the Horner Collection, Oregon State University have 
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (9-10), the cultural item 
is reasonably believed to have been made exclusively for burial 
purposes or to contain human remains. Officials of the Horner 
Collection, Oregon State University also have determined that, pursuant 
to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity 
that can be reasonably traced between the associated funerary object 
and the Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian 
Reservation, Arizona; Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River 
Indian Reservation, Arizona; Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community 
of the Salt River Reservation, Arizona; and Tohono O'odham Nation of 
Arizona.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the associated funerary object should 
contact Sabah Randhawa, Executive Vice President and Provost, 
President's Office, Oregon State University, 600 Kerr Administration 
Building, Corvallis, OR 97331, telephone (541) 737-8260, before August 
28, 2006. Repatriation of the associated funerary object to the the 
Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona, acting on behalf of the Ak Chin 
Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona; 
Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, 
Arizona; Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt River 
Reservation, Arizona; and

[[Page 42669]]

themselves, may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come 
forward.
    The Horner Collection, Oregon State University is responsible for 
notifying the Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian 
Reservation, Arizona; Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission 
Indians of the Barona Reservation, California; Campo Band of Diegueno 
Mission Indians of the Campo Indian Reservation, California; Cocopah 
Indian Tribe of Arizona; Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado 
River Indian Reservation, Arizona & California; Ewiiaapaayp Band of 
Kumeyaay Indians, California; Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Arizona; 
Fort Mojave Indian Tribe of Arizona, California, & Nevada; Gila River 
Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona; 
Havasupai Tribe of the Havasupai Reservation, Arizona; Hopi Tribe of 
Arizona; Hualapai Indian Tribe of the Hualapai Indian Reservation, 
Arizona; Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Inaja and Cosmit 
Reservation, California; Jamul Indian Village of California; Kaibab 
Band of Paiute Indians of the Kaibab Indian Reservation, Arizona; 
Kumeyaay Cultural Repatriation Committee, a coaltion of federally 
recognized Indian tribes; La Posta Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of 
the La Posta Indian Reservation, California; Mesa Grande Band of 
Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande Reservation, California; 
Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico, & Utah; Pascua Yaqui Tribe of 
Arizona; Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation, California 
& Arizona; Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt River 
Reservation, Arizona; San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos 
Reservation, Arizona; San Juan Southern Paiute Tribe of Arizona; San 
Pasqual Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Santa Ysabel 
Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Santa Ysabel Reseration, 
California; Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation; Tohono O'odham Nation 
of Arizona; Tonto Apache Tribe of Arizona; Viejas (Baron Long) Group of 
Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Viejas Reservation, 
California; White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation, 
Arizona; Yavapai-Apache Nation of the Camp Verde Indian Reservation, 
Arizona; and Yavapai-Prescott Tribe of the Yavapai Reservation, Arizona 
that this notice has been published.

    Dated: June 20, 2006.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E6-12030 Filed 7-26-06; 8:45 am]

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