[Federal Register: August 29, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 168)]
[Notices]
[Page 52442-52443]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr29au00-96]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects from Cherokee and Plymouth Counties, IA
in the Possession of the Office of the State Archaeologist, University
of Iowa, Iowa City, IA

AGENCY: National Park Service

ACTION: Notice

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects in the possession of the Office of the State
Archaeologist, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR

[[Page 52443]]

10.2 (c). The determinations within this notice are the sole
responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has
control of these Native American human remains and associated funerary
objects. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations within this notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the Office
of the State Archaeologist, University of Iowa, professional staff in
consultation with representatives of the Three Affiliated Tribes of the
Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota.
    Around 1900, human remains representing one individual were removed
from an unknown site by an unknown collector and donated to the
Davenport Academy of Sciences, now the Putnam Museum of History and
Natural Science. In 1986, these human remains were transferred to the
Office of the State Archaeologist, University of Iowa. No known
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Physical anthropological evidence, especially the shape and
measurements of the skull, indicates that this individual is Native
American, and is consistent with ancestral Arikara populations of the
Bad River I phase of the Post-Contact Coalescent variant. The records
of the Putnam Museum of History and Natural Science indicate that these
remains may have come from the Dakotas. In the absence of additional
evidence, geographical and physical anthropology information has been
used to determine the cultural affiliation between these human remains
and the Arikara, who today are members of the Three Affiliated Tribes
of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota.
    In the 1950's, human remains representing one individual were
removed from site 13CK21, Cherokee County, IA, by Reynold Ruppe under
the auspices of the Northwest Chapter of the Iowa Archaeological
Society, and transferred to the Office of the State Archaeologist,
University of Iowa, in 1989. In 1993, human remains representing three
individuals were removed from this site by the Office of the State
Archaeologist during a salvage excavation of a flood-damaged portion of
the site. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
    In 1964, human remains representing three individuals were removed
from site 13PM172, Plymouth County, IA, during excavations by David
Lilly and Roger Banks. These remains were transferred from the Sioux
City Public Museum to the Office of the State Archaeologist, University
of Iowa, in 1994. No known individuals were identified. The one
associated funerary object is a Mill Creek pottery vessel.
    Sites 13CK21 and 13PM172 both date to the Mill Creek period, circa
A.D. 1000-1200. Mill Creek manifestations have long been grouped within
the Initial variant of the Middle Missouri Tradition. Mill Creek
settlement organization, subsistence economy, and artifact assemblages
are similar to those of other Initial Middle Missouri components in
South Dakota. The Mandan and Hidatsa are thought to be the long-term
residents of the Middle Missouri region, and some archeologists have
suggested the Initial variant of the Middle Missouri tradition is
possibly ancestral to the Mandan and Hidatsa tribes. Archeological and
ethnohistorical evidence linking later Middle Missouri groups with
these tribes, presently members of the Three Affiliated Tribes of the
Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota, is much stronger than evidence
available for the earlier Initial variant groups.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Office
of the State Archaeologist, University of Iowa, have determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above
represent the physical remains of eight individuals of Native American
ancestry. Officials of the Office of the State Archeologist, University
of Iowa, also have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2), the
one object listed above is reasonably believed to have been placed with
or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part
of the death rite or ceremony. Lastly, officials of the Office of the
State Archeologist, University of Iowa, have determined that, pursuant
to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship of shared group identity
that can be reasonably traced between these Native American human
remains and associated funerary object and the Three Affiliated Tribes
of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota. This notice has been
sent to officials of the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold
Reservation, North Dakota. Representatives of any other Indian tribe
that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with these human
remains and associated funerary object should contact Shirley Schermer,
Burials Program Director, Office of the State Archaeologist, Eastlawn,
University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, telephone (319) 335-2400,
before September 28, 2000. Repatriation of the human remains and
associated funerary object to the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort
Berthold Reservation, North Dakota, may begin after that date if no
additional claimants come forward.

    Dated: August 16, 2000.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships
[FR Doc. 00-21977 Filed 8-28-00; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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