[Federal Register: August 1, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 148)]
[Notices]
[Page 46947]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr01au00-71]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
in the Possession of Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument,
Mountainair, NM

AGENCY: National Park Service.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains in the possession of
the Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument, National Park Service,
Mountainair, NM. This notice is published as part of the National Park
Service's administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2
(c). The determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility
of the National Park unit that has control or possession of these
Native American human remains. The Assistant Director, Cultural
Resources Stewardship and Partnerships, is not responsible for the
determinations within this notice.
    A detailed assessment and inventory of the human remains was made
by National Park Service professional staff in consultation with
representatives of the Kiowa Indian Tribe of Oklahoma; Mescalero Apache
Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico; and the Wichita and
Affiliated Tribes (Wichita, Keechi, Waco & Tawakonie), Oklahoma.
    In 1956, human remains representing 99 individuals were recovered
from 58 burial sites during a legally authorized National Park Service
stabilization project conducted at the San Isidro Mission Church's
Campo Santo Catholic Cemetery (Campo Santo). This site is located at
the Pueblo de las Humanas complex, a site located within Monument
boundaries. No known individuals were identified. No associated
funerary objects are present.
    On the basis of architectural, archeological, biological (cranial
morphology), historical, and Church documentation evidence, San
Isidro's cemetery (Campo Santo) was determined to have been in use from
1629-1672; therefore, this site and these human remains are dated to
the Pueblo IV and Pueblo V (A.D. 1300-1672) periods.
    Based upon an osteological analysis of the 99 individuals recovered
from this site (Campo Santo), 4 of these human remains were identified
as Athabascan/Apache. This analysis found that the facial features of
the four individuals were consistent with ``Plains Indian'' and are
reported to be of Athabascan or Apachean ancestry. Archeological
evidence obtained from the burials also suggests that these four
individuals are of Athabascan/Apache origin.
    Historical evidence records that Apache bands from the Apaches
Perillos and Siete Rios raided the Salinas towns, which constitutes one
of the reasons for their eventual abandonment. Additional documentary
evidence indicates that some of these Apaches were killed during raids
on the Salinas villages. Historical records also evidence that the
Apache maintained friendships and established trading relationships
with some of the Salinas towns on a band-to-town basis. Intermarriages
between the Apaches and members of the towns also occurred.
    Utilizing archeological, historical, geographical, biological,
ethnographic, oral tradition, and expert opinion evidence, it has been
determined that the above-described human remains are culturally
affiliated with the Caddo, Kiowa, Mescalero Apache, White Mountain
Apache, and Wichita Affiliated (Wichita, Keechi, Waco & Tawakonie)
Tribes.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, the Salinas Pueblo
Missions National Monument Superintendent determined that, pursuant to
43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the
physical remains of four individuals of Native American ancestry.
Lastly, the Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument Superintendent
also determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a
relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced
between these Native American human remains and the Caddo Indian Tribe
of Oklahoma; Kiowa Indian Tribe of Oklahoma; Mescalero Apache Tribe of
the Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico; White Mountain Apache Tribe of
the Fort Apache Reservation, Arizona; and the Wichita and Affiliated
Tribes (Wichita, Keechi, Waco & Tawakonie), Oklahoma.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Pueblo of Acoma, New
Mexico; the Caddo Indian Tribe of Oklahoma; Hopi Tribe of Arizona;
Pueblo of Isleta, New Mexico; Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico; Kiowa Indian
Tribe of Oklahoma; Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation,
New Mexico; Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santo Domingo, New
Mexico; Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico; White Mountain Apache Tribe of the
Fort Apache Reservation, Arizona; Wichita and Affiliated Tribes
(Wichita, Keechi, Waco & Tawakonie), Oklahoma; Ysleta del Sur Pueblo
of
Texas; Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico; and Piro-Manso-
Tiwa, a non-Federally recognized Indian group. Representatives of any
other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated
with these human remains should contact Glenn M. Fulfer,
Superintendent, Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument, P.O. Box
517, Mountainair, NM 87036, telephone (505) 847-2585 Extension 25,
before August 31, 2000. Repatriation of the human remains will begin
after that date if no additional claimants come forward.

    Dated: July 21, 2000.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 00-19292 Filed 7-31; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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