<photo>Detail of preserved exterior wood; Link to National Park Service
STANDARDS FOR PRESERVATION AND GUIDELINES FOR PRESERVING HISTORIC BUILDINGS
<photo>detail of significant storefront

Identify    Stabilize    Protect    Repair    Replace in Kind  

Identify, Retain and Preserve

Recommend
Identifying, retaining, and preserving storefronts--and their functional and decorative features--that are important in defining the overall historic character of the building such as display windows, signs, doors, transoms, kick plates, corner posts, and entablatures.

photo of 1920s storefront that has retained its original form and features

The original form and features of this 1920s storefront have been retained through Preservation. Photo: David W. Look, AIA.

Not Recommended
Altering storefronts--and their features--which are important in defining the overall historic character of the building so that, as a result, the character is diminished.

Replacing historic storefront features instead of repairing or replacing only the deteriorated material.

Stabilize

Recommend
Stabilizing deteriorated or damaged storefronts as a preliminary measure, when necessary, prior to undertaking appropriate preservation work.

Not Recommended
Failing to stabilize a deteriorated or damaged storefront until additional work is undertaken, thus allowing further damage to occur to the historic building.

Protect and Maintain

Recommend
Protecting and maintaining masonry, wood, and architectural metals which comprise storefronts through appropriate treatments such as cleaning, rust removal, limited paint removal, and reapplication of protective coating systems.

Protecting storefronts against arson and vandalism before work begins by boarding up windows and doors and installing alarm systems that are keyed into local protection agencies.

photo of well maintained 19th century cast iron storefront

This cast iron storefront from the late 19th century has been well maintained over the years. Photo: NPS files.

Evaluating the existing condition of storefront materials to determine whether more than protection and maintenance are required, that is, if repairs to features will be necessary.

Not Recommended
Failing to provide adequate protection of materials on a cyclical basis so that deterioration of storefront features results.

Permitting entry into the building through unsecured or broken windows and doors so that interior features and finishes are damaged by exposure to weather or vandalism.

Stripping storefronts of historic material such as wood, cast iron, terra cotta, carrara glass, and brick.

Failing to undertake adequate measures to assure the preservation of the historic storefront.

Repair

Recommend
Repairing storefronts by reinforcing the historic materials using recognized preservation methods. The new work should be unobtrusively dated to guide future research and treatment.

Not Recommended
Removing material that could be repaired, using improper repair techniques, or failing to document the new work.

The following work is highlighted to indicate that it represents the greatest degree of intervention generally recommended within the treatment Preservation, and should only be considered after protection, stabilization, and repair concerns have been addressed.

Limited Replacement in Kind

Recommend
Replacing in kind extensively deteriorated or missing parts of storefronts where there are surviving prototypes such as transoms, kick plates, pilasters, or signs. The new work should match the old in materials, design, color, and texture; and be unobtrusively dated to guide future research and treatment.

Not Recommended
Replacing an entire storefront when limited replacement of deteriorated and missing parts is appropriate.

Using replacement material that does not match the historic storefront feature; or failing to properly document the new work.

 

 

-GUIDELINES-

The Approach

Exterior Materials
Masonry
Wood
Architectural Metals

Exterior Features
Roofs
Windows
Entrances + Porches
Storefronts

Interior Features
Structural System Spaces/Features/Finishes
Mechanical Systems

Site

Setting

Special Requirements
Energy Efficiency
Accessibility
Health + Safety

The Standards

 

  HISTORICAL OVERVIEW - preserving - REHABILITATING - RESTORING - RECONSTRUCTING

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Historical Overview