American Defenders of Land, Sea & Sky
An Expanding Nation
  The Struggle for Western Territory (1825-1890)

Fort Robinson & Red Cloud Agency
We fought for the land and different ways of life.

Fort Robinson and Red Cloud Agency
Dawes County, Nebraska

   During the 1860s, Chief Red Cloud fought to keep the U.S. Army from opening the Bozeman Trail, which led to the Montana gold fields through an important Sioux hunting area. Fort Robinson was built in 1874 after the United States government moved Chief Red Cloud and the Oglala Lakotas to a nearby reservation. Later events there guided the final course of Indian-white relations on the northern Plains.

  One was the overwhelming defeat of Sitting Bull and the Powder River Sioux. When they lost the fight for their land, some 4,500 Indians surrendered to General Crook at Fort Robinson during late 1876 and 1877. In 1890, the Sioux began "Ghost Dances," part of a religion that promised a return of the old ways and disappearance of the white race. When soldiers from nearby Fort Robinson were called in to stop the dances, the famous Battle of Wounded Knee Creek followed. This was the last armed encounter between Indians and whites in the United States. After 400 years of conflict, a way of life for the American Indian had ended.

Follow our history to...Carlisle Indian School Take me to Carlisle, Pennsylvania

Defenders homecontentsteacher's guide