American Defenders of Land, Sea & Sky
Allies in a Global Struggle
  America and World War I (1914-1918)

Fort Des Moines Provisional Army Officers' School
We trained separately, but fought together.

Fort Des Moines
Provisional Army Officers' School

Des Moines, Iowa

   In 1917, many white Americans were not in favor of black officers leading black troops. But because of political pressure from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, a school at Fort Des Moines was opened in June, 1917 as a training camp for black officers. On October 12, 1917, over six-hundred recruits from the Army Officers' School earned commissions in the Army.

  There were 106 captains, 329 first lieutenants, and 204 second lieutenants. Officers and men from seven different units were sent to France, then assembled as the Ninety-second Division. This gallant all-black Division was an important force against the Germans in the final year of the war. Together, Americans--both black and white--led the fight to victory in Europe on November 11, 1918!

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