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American Battlefields
Independence   

Other Names: None

Location: Jackson County

Campaign: Priceís Missouri Expedition (1864)

Date(s): October 22, 1864

Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton [US]; Brig. Gen. James Fagan and Brig. Gen. John S. Marmaduke [CS]

Forces Engaged: Provisional cavalry division [US]; Fagan and Marmadukeís Divisions, Army of Missouri [CS]

Estimated Casualties: Total unknown (US unknown; CS 140)

Description: Maj. Gen. Sterling Priceís army rode west in the direction of Kansas City. On the night of the 21st, he camped at Independence and resumed his westward march the next morning with Brig. Gen. Joe Shelbyís division in the lead followed by Brig. Gen. John S. Marmadukeís division, with Brig. Gen. James Faganís division bringing up the rear. While Shelbyís men met success at Byramís Ford, the other two columns did not fare as well. Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasontonís Union force crossed the Little Blue, beat up a Rebel brigade in Faganís command, and occupied Independence.  Marmadukeís division then met Pleasonton about two miles west of Independence, hit the Federals hard, pressed them back, and held them at bay until the morning of the 23rd. Pleasontonís actions, however, frightened Price and his army, and influenced them, after they had crossed the Big Blue, to send their wagon trains to Little Santa Fe on the Fort Scott Road.

Result(s): Confederate victory

CWSAC Reference #: MO025

Preservation Priority: IV.2 (Class C)

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