Adit: a horizonal passage driven from the surface for working or unwatering a mine.
Booming: a ground-sluicing variant usually employed in areas that lack a dependable flow of water. A dam is used to create an artificial reservoir. Once sufficient water has accumulated, the dam is opened, releasing a flash flood which quickly removes any surface gravel.
Crosscut: a cut intended to intersect a body of ore.
Drift: a horizontal passage which follows a vein under-ground.
Drift mining: a method of mining by means of drifts and shafts. The technique was often used during the winter to develop shallow stream deposits.
Flume: an inclined channel used to convey water to a mining operation. Usually supported by a trestle, most are made of wood.
Giant: the nozzle through which the pressurized water in an hydraulic mining operation is directed.
Ground-sluicing: a mining method which employs running water to remove the overburden. In effect, it is controlled and accelerated erosion.
Hydraulic mining: mining method which employs pressurized water to excavate gravel.
Layman: an individual who is leasing a claim, usually for a share of its production.
Lode: a mineral deposit that is still bound within its rock matrix.
Open-cut: a mining method in which the workings remain open to the surface.
Overburden: worthless surface material covering a body of valuable ore.
Placer mining: the extraction of minerals from alluvial gravel by removing the detrital material with running water.
Prospect: an unproven mineral property.
Riffles: ribs which are placed in the bottom of a sluice box at right angles to the current in order to trap any gold.
Rocker: a box-like, gold recovery device which is rocked back and forth like a child's cradle.
Shaft: a vertical or steeply inclined access passage from the surface into a mine.
Shoveling-in: a hand mining technique in which the gravel was usually loosened with a pick and shoveled directly into a sluice box.
Sluice box: a long, open-ended, slightly inclined box through which gold-bearing gravel is washed.
Tailings: the refuse material remaining after gravel is washed.
Test pit: a shallow excavation made to test the subsurface gravel.
Wing dam: a dam employed to force the water to undercut banks during the stripping operation.
Last Updated: 21-Mar-2008