1. Data on Japanese landings are scanty. O. R. Lodge, The Recapture of Guam (Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps, 1954, reprint, Awani Press), p. 8, implies that the Japanese naval force landed at Dungcas Beach. Henry I. Shaw, Jr., Bernard C. Natty, and Edwin T. Turnbladh, Central Pacific Drive, History of U.S. Marine Corps Operations in World War II (Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps, 1966), p. 450, states that the "main" Japanese force landed at Tumon Bay northeast of Agana. Philip A. Crowl, Campaign in the Marianas, United States Army in World War II, The Pacific War (Washington. 1960), p. 24, describes the landing of the Japanese army force on the beaches between Agat and Facpi Point.
5. Charles W. Snell, "Phase One of the Battle, 21 July-30 July 1944, The struggle for the Northern or Asan Beachhead," a draft (Denver, 1984), p. 301, quoting Col. Hideyaki Takeda. Crowl, p. 666, says this advanced command post was 325 yards west of Fonte.
13. On August 8, 1944, a patrol from the 21st U.S. Marines came across the bodies of 40 Chamorros in northwest Guam. Their hands had been tied behind their backs and they had been decapitated. Snell, 3:205, quoting Maj. Gen. Allen H. Turnage's operational summary for August 8, 1944.
Last Updated: 07-Mar-2005