Eighty Years in the Making
A Legislative History of Voyageurs National Park
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General Sources


Borchert, John R. Atlas of Minnesota Resources and Settlement. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, Center for Urban and Regional Affairs, 3rd Ed., 1980.

Brubaker, Sterling. Rethinking the Federal Lands. Washington, D.C. Resources for the Future, 1984.

Dana, Samuel T. Minnesota Lands. Washington, D.C.: American Forestry Association, 1969.

Fitch, Edwin M. and John F. Shankland. Bureau of Outdoor Recreation. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1970.

Forestra, Ronald A. America's National Parks and Their Keepers. Washington D.C. Resources for the Future, 1984.

Franklin, Kay and Norma Schaeffer, Dual for the Dunes. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1983.

Frome, Michael. The Battle for Wilderness. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1974.

Hartzog, George B., Jr. Battling for the National Parks. New York: Moyer Bell, Ltd., 1988.

Hays, Samuel P., Beauty, Health and Permanence. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Hella, U.W., Quest for Excellence: A History of the Minnesota Council of Parks, 1954-1974. St. Paul: Minnesota Parks Foundation, 1985.

Limebury, Robert L. Government in America. 3rd ed., New York: Little Brown and Co., 1986.

Mackintosh, Barry, The National Parks: Shaping the System. Washington D.C.: National Park Service, 1984, 1991.

Quetico-Superior Committee, An International Peace Memorial Forest in the Quetico Superior Country. Chicago, 1948.

Runte, Alfred, National Parks: The American Experience. 2nd ed., Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1987.

Searle, R. Newell, A Land Set Apart. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1977.

Steen, Harold K. The U.S. Forest Service: A History. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1976.

Treuer, Robert, Voyageur Country: A Park in the Wilderness. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1979.

Wirth, Conrad, Parks, Politics and People. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980.


Backes, David, "Wilderness Visions," Forest and Conservation History, 35 (July 1991): 128-137.

Broderick, Richard, "Minnesotan of the Year—A Generous Spirit," Minnesota Monthly, December 1989.

Carter, Luther J., "Walter J. Hickel Advocate of Economic Growth as Alaska's Governor Faces Tougher Job at Interior," Science, Vol. 162, December 1968.

Carter, Luther J., "Hickel Controversy Points Up Environmental Quality Issue," Science, Vol. 163, January 1969.

Hampton, Duane, "Opposition to National Parks," Journal of Forest History 21, 1981.

Hays, Samuel P., "The Environmental Movement," Journal of Forest History 25, 1981.

LaPierre, Yvette, "A Place to Park," Home and Away, 16, no. 2, March/April 1995.

Leopold, A. Starker, "Wildlife Management in the National Parks," Living Wilderness, Spring 1963.

Oberholtzer, Ernest C., "A University of the Wilderness," American Forests 35, no. 11 (November 1929): 692.

Oberholtzer, Ernest C., "Attention, Please for Quetico-Superior National Parks Magazine, 78 (July-September 1944) 15.

Searle, R. Newell, "Minnesota National Forest," Minnesota History 42 (1971): 249.

Searle, R. Newell, "Minnesota Forestry Comes of Age: Christopher C. Andrews, 1895-1911, Forest History, 17, no. 2 (July 1973): 23-24.

Stegner, Wallace, "The Best Idea We Ever Had," Wilderness Magazine, Spring (1983): 4-13

Witzig, Fred T., "The Crane Lake Issue in the Establishment of Voyageurs National Park," Upper Midwest History 3 (1983) 11.

Wren, Christopher, "How to Wreck a National Park," Look Magazine, 16 June 1970.

Voyageurs National Park Archives
International Falls, Minnesota

Aguar, Jyring and Whiteman, Report of Preliminary Multiple-Use Plan for the Kabetogama Peninsula, 24 February 1965

Annual Reports for Voyageurs National Park for 1975-1978

Chronology on Voyageurs National Park, 1966

Congressional Record, 20 September 1967, 90th Cong. 1st Sess.

Congressional Record H.R. 18761: A Bill to Establish a Voyageurs National Park, 90th Cong., 2nd Sess., 1968.

Correspondence, memorandums

Hjort, F.A. Summary of the Senate Public Domain Committee Hearing on December 4, 1969, National Park Service, January 1970.

House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, Field Hearings on H.R. 10482 before the Subcommittee on Parks and Recreation, 91st Cong., 1st Sess., International Falls, MN, 21 August 1969.

House Subcommittee on National Parks and Recreation, Hearings on a Proposal for Voyageurs National Park, 91st Cong., 2nd Sess., 16 and 17 July 1970.

House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, Hearings on H.R 10482, 91st Cong., 1st Sess., 16 and 17 July 1970.

Management Plan—Crane Lake Recreation Area, Duluth: Superior National Forest, 1966.

Master Plan for the Proposed Voyageurs National Park, National Park Service, 1968.

Mid-Continent Surveys, Attitudes Toward the Proposed Voyageurs National Park, Minneapolis, 29 May 1968.

Newspaper Clippings 1960-1999

Northland Multiple Use Association resolution, 27 May 1965

Oral history interviews produced by Voyageurs National Park

   Interview with John Kawamoto by Mary Lou Pearson, 12 June 1979
   Interview with George Amidon by Mary Lou Pearson, 12 July 1976
   Interview with Myrl Brooks by Mary Lou Pearson, 11 July 1978

Operations Evaluation for Voyageurs National Park, NPS Northeast Region, Philadelphia, 1972.

Pearson, E.C., Ed., Position Paper on the Proposed Voyageurs National Park, Duluth: United Northern Sportsmen, 13 February 1968

Proposed Voyageurs National Park, revised draft, Omaha: National Park Service, September 1963

Proposed Voyageurs National Park, Omaha: National Park Service, 1964

Proposed Voyageurs National Park, Omaha: National Park Service, 1965

Public Law 91-661. 91st Cong., 2nd sess., January 8, 1971. Legislation authorizing establishment of Voyageurs National Park.

Report to Arrowhead Regional Development Commission on the Peripheral Land Use Study of Voyageurs National Park, St. Louis County Planning and Zoning Department, 1972.

Senate Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, Hearings before the Subcommittee on Parks and Recreation on S. 1962 and H.R. 10482, 91st Cong., 2nd Sess., 4 and 7 December 1970.

Senate Report No. 91-1513, 91st Cong. Calendar No. 1524, 15 December 1970.

Sielaff, Richard O., Cecil M. Meyers and Philip L. Friest, Economics of the Proposed Voyageurs National Park, Omaha: National Park Service, 1964. A report prepared for the National Park Service by the University of Minnesota, Division of Social Sciences.

Subregional Plan for the Voyageurs Planning Area, 1975 Transcript of Voyageurs National Park Workshop held in Virginia, Minnesota on November 28, 1967

United Northern Sportsmen resolution, 16 February 1965.

Voyageurs Impact Study, Minnesota Resource Commission, St. Paul, 1972.

Voyageurs National Park Fact Book, St. Paul: Minnesota Resources Commission, March 1971.

The Voyageurs Route and a Proposed Voyageurs National Park, Omaha: National Park Service, 1963.

West, Willard and Roger E. Williams, Voyageurs National Park Proposal, Minnesota Department of Conservation, October 1967.

U.S. Department of the Interior
Washington, D.C.

Records of the Legislative and Congressional Office
Records of the Office of Park Planning

Minnesota Historical Society Archives
St. Paul, Minnesota

Interview with Ernest C. Oberholtzer, Interviewer Unknown, Accession 9529
Personal papers of Ernest C. Oberholtzer
Personal papers of Governor Harold Levander
Records of the Department of Conservation
Records of the Quetico-Superior Council
Records of the Voyageurs National Park Association

Superior National Forest Archives
Duluth, Minnesota

Correspondence, memorandums

Crane Lake Recreation Area, Duluth: Superior National Forest, 1966.

Superior National Forest News Bulletin, Duluth, 28 December 1967.

White, J. Wesley White, Historical Sketches of the Quetico-Superior, Duluth: Superior National Forest, 1968.

Author's Files

Conversations with Roger Williams by author between 1989-1992
Conversations with Lloyd Brandt by author during the 1980s and 1990s
Interview with U.W. Hella by author, 17 August 1990
Interview with John Kawamoto by author, 21 June 1979
Interview with Elmer Andersen by author, 23 October 1990
Interview with John Blatnik by author, March 1985
Interview with Archie Chelseth by author, 19 January 1990
Interview with Myrl Brooks by author, 17 April 1990
Interview with Mary Lou Pearson by author, 11 July 1978

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Last Updated: 23-Jan-2009