Primary Sources (Manuscripts)
Adshead, George. Journal. Manitoba Provincial Archives. Winnipeg, Manitoba.
American Fur Company. Papers. Manuscripts Collection, Minnesota Historical Society. St. Paul, Minnesota.
Anderson, James. Diary. National Archives of Canada. Ottawa, Ontario.
Anonymous. "Notes on Peter Pond's Map." National Archives of Canada. Ottawa, Ontario.
Archives du Séminaire de Québec. Documents de la Campagnie du Nord-Ouest. National Archives of Canada. Ottawa, Ontario.
Bell, Josiah Jones. Diary. Manitoba Provincial Archives. Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Buller, R. H. Letter from Captain R. H. Buller to his sister, Miss Henrietta I. Buller, giving an account of the taking of Fort Garry, 1870. Manitoba Provincial Archives. Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Chaboillez, Charles Jean Baptiste. Journal. Manuscripts Collection, Minnesota Historical Society. St. Paul, Minnesota.
Douglas, James, Earl of Selkirk. Papers. National Archives of Canada. Ottawa, Ontario.
Dundas, James. Journal. Manuscripts Collection, Minnesota Historical Society. St. Paul, Minnesota.
Emslie, John. Journal of Expedition to Fort Garry, 1870. Microfilm Collection, National Archives of Canada. Ottawa, Ontario.
Evans, James. Diary. Manuscripts Collections, Minnesota Historical Society. St. Paul, Minnesota.
Finlayson, Nicol. Diary. National Archives of Canada. Ottawa, Ontario.
Greenlay, G. S. Diary. Manitoba Provincial Archives. Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Harmon, Daniel William. Journal. National Archives of Canada. Ottawa, Ontario.
Henry, Alexander. Journal. National Archives of Canada. Ottawa, Ontario.
Hudson's Bay Company. Papers. Winnipeg: Hudson's Bay Company Archives. Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Kerr, John Andrew. Diary. National Archives of Canada. Ottawa, Ontario.
MacDonell, John. Journal (transcription). Manuscripts Collection, Minnesota Historical Society. St. Paul, Minnesota.
Mackenzie, Alexander. Papers. Microfilm Collection, Minnesota Historical Society. St. Paul, Minnesota.
M'Gillivray, Duncan. Papers. Thomas Fisher Rare Books Library, University of Toronto. Toronto, Ontario.
Neilson, John Louis Hubert. Journal. Manitoba Provincial Archives. Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Salt, Alan. Diary. National Archives of Canada. Ottawa, Ontario.
Selkirk Papers. See Douglas, James, Earl of Selkirk.
Sibley, Henry H. Papers. Microfilm Collection, Minnesota Historical Society. St. Paul, Minnesota.
Strachan, John. Papers. Microfilm Collection, Provincial Archives of Ontario. Toronto, Ontario.
Thompson, David. Diary and Field Maps. Manuscripts Collection, Minnesota Historical Society. St. Paul, Minnesota.
Thompson, David. Papers. Thomas Fisher Rare Books Library, University of Toronto. Toronto, Ontario.
Volume, W. S. Reminiscences. Manitoba Provincial Archives. Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Whittlesey, Charles. Papers. Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland, Ohio.
Record Group 9. Militia and Defense. Series II-A-3, Volume 2, Reel T-10393. Letters and other documents relating to the Red River Expedition. National Archives of Canada.
Record Group 10. Indian Affairs. Fort Frances Agency. Timber Maps. File 485/20-78-18c, Volume 10293, Reel T-7375. National Archives of Canada.
Anonymous. On the Origins and Progress of the North-West Company of Canada, with a history of the fur trade, as connected with that concern. London: Cox, Son, and Baylis, 1811.
Back, Sir George. Narrative of the Arctic Land Expedition. London: John Murray, 1836.
Ballantyne, Robert M. Hudson's Bay; or Every-day Life in the Wilds of North America, During Six Years' Residence in the Territories of the Honourable Hudson's Bay Company. Edinburgh: William Blackwood & Sons, 1848.
Beaulieu, Clement H. "Sketch of the Fur-Trade around Lake Superior." Ed. Gerald Robert Vizenor. In Escorts to White Earth, 1868-1968: 100 Year Reservation. Minneapolis: The Four Winds, 1968.
Bigsby, John J. The Shoe and Canoe, or Pictures of Travel in the Canadas. 2 vols. London: Chapman and Hall, 1850.
Carver, Jonathan. Three Years Travels through the Interior Parts of North-America. Philadelphia: Key & Simpson, 1796.
Coues, Elliott, ed. New Light on the Early History of the Greater Northwest. New York: Francis P. Harper, 1897.
Dawson, S. J. Report of the Exploration of the Country between the latter place and the Assinniboine and Saskatchewan. Toronto: John Lovell, 1859.
_______. Report on the Red River Expedition of 1870. Ottawa: Times Printing and Publishing Co., 1871.
Delafield, Joseph. The Unfortified Boundary. Robert McElroy and Thomas Riggs, eds. New York: n.p., 1943.
Dobbs, Arthur. An Account of the Countries Adjoining to Hudson's Bay in the North-west Part of America. Reprint. Toronto: S. R. Publishers, Ltd., 1967.
Doughty, Arthur G., ed. "Some Account of the Trade Carried on by the North West Company," in Report of the Public Archives for the year 1928. Ottawa: F. A. Ackland, 1929.
Douglas, Thomas, Earl of Selkirk. "The Memorial of Thomas Earl of Selkirk." In The Collected Writings of Lord Selkirk, 1810-1820. Ed. J. M. Bumsted. Winnipeg: Manitoba Record Society, 1987.
Edwin, James, ed. A Narrative of the Captivity and Adventures of John Tanner. London: Baldwin and Cradock, 1830.
Evans, James. Letters of Rev. James Evans, Methodist Missionary, written during his Journey to and Residence in the Lake Superior Region 1838-1839. Ed. Fred Landon. Reprinted from the Ontario Historical Society's "Papers and Records," 28: 1933. N.p., n.d.
Franchere, Gabriel. Narrative of a Voyage to the Northwest Coast of America. Trans. and ed. J. V. Huntington. New York: Redfield, 1854.
Garry, Nicholas. "Diary of Nicholas Garry." In Proceedings and Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada. Second Series--Vol. VI. Ottawa: James Hope & Son, 1900.
Glover, Richard, ed. David Thompson's Narrative, 1784-1812. Toronto: The Champlain Society, 1962.
Graffenreid, Friederich Von. Sechs Jahre in Canada, 1813-1819: Ib Aus dem Tagebuche und den Reiseerinnerungen des Lieutenants Friederich Von Graffenreid. Bern: Ib Haller sche Bucher, 1891.
Graham, Frederick Ulric. Notes of a Sporting Expedition in the Far West of Canada 1847. London: Hermione Graham, 1898.
Grant, George M. Ocean to Ocean: Sandford Fleming's Expedition through Canada in 1872. London: S. Low, Marston, Low & Searle, 1873.
Griffin, Justus A. "From Toronto to Fort Garry: An Account of the Second Expedition to Red River." Evening Times. Hamilton, Ontario, 1872.
Hargrave, James. The Hargrave Correspondence 1821-1843. Ed. G. P. De T. Glazebrook. Toronto: The Champlain Society, 1938.
Harmon, Daniel Williams. A Journal of Voyages and Travels in the Interior of North America. Toronto: The Courier Press, Ltd., 1911.
Henry, Alexander. Travels and Adventures in Canada and the Indian Territories. Ed. James Bain. Toronto: George N. Morang and Company, Ltd., 1901.
Hind, Henry Youle. Narrative of the Canadian Red River Exploring Expedition of 1857 and of the Assinniboine and Saskatchewan Exploring Expedition of 1858. 2 vols. London: Longman, Green, Longman, and Roberts, 1860.
Huyshe, G. L. The Red River Expedition. New York: MacMillan and Co., 1871.
Irvine, John. Report on the Red River Expedition of 1870. London: Harrison and Sons, 1871.
Jacobs, Peter. Journal of the Reverend Peter Jacobs. New York: Peter Jacobs, 1857.
James, Edwin, ed. A Narrative of the Captivity and Adventures of John Tanner. London: Baldwin and Cradock, 1830.
Kane, Paul. Wanderings of an Artist among the Indians of North America. London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, and Roberts, 1859.
Keating, William H. Narrative of an Expedition to the Source of St. Peter's River, Lake Winnepeek, Lake of the Woods, etc. 2 vols. London: Geo. B. Whittaker, Ave-Marie Lane, 1825.
La Vérendrye, Pierre Gaultier de Varennes. 1927. Journals and Letters of Pierre Gaultier de Varennes de la Vérendrye and his Sons. Ed. Lawrence J. Burpee. Toronto: The Champlain Society, 1927.
Long, Stephen H. The Northern Expeditions of Stephen H. Long: The Journals of 1817 and 1823 and Related Documents. Lucile M. Kane, June D. Holmquist, and Carolyn Gilman, eds. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1978.
MacDonald, Archibald. Narrative of the Destruction of the Earl of Selkirk's Settlement upon Red River, in the year 1815. London: J. Brettell, 1816.
Mackenzie, Alexander. Voyages from Montreal. London: R. Noble, 1801.
Mackenzie, Sir Alexander. Journals and Letters. Edited by W. Kaye Lamb. Cambridge: Hakluyt Society Extra Series No. 41, 1970.
Masson, L. R., ed. Les Bourgeois de la Compagnie du Nord-Ouest. New York: Antiquarian Press, Ltd., 1960.
McDonell, Alexander. A Narrative of Transactions in the Red River Country. London: R. McMillan, 1819.
McKenney, Thomas L. Sketches of a Tour to the Lakes. Baltimore: Fielding, Lucas, Jun'r, 1827.
McLean, John. John McLean's Notes of a Twenty-five Year's Service in the Hudson's Bay Territory. Ed. W. S. Wallace. Toronto: The Champlain Society, 1932.
McLoughlin, John. "The Indians from Fort William to Lake of the Woods." Ed. Richard H. Dillon. Amphora. 8 (Spring-Summer 1971): 5-16.
M'Gillivray, Duncan. The Journal of Duncan M'Gillivray of the North West Company. Ed. Arthur S. Morton. Toronto: The MacMillan Company of Canada, Ltd., 1929.
M'Gillivray, Duncan. "Some Account of the Fur Trade Carried on by the North West Company." Ed. Arthur G. Doughty. Dominion of Canada Report of the Public Archives for the year 1928. Ottawa: F. A. Ackland, 1929.
Morgan, Youngs L. "The Diary of an Early Fur Trader." Ed. Clarissa Headline and Milton N. Gallup. Inland Seas, Quarterly Journal of the Great Lakes Historical Society. 19 (Summer 1963): 1963, 113-123.
Nute, Grace Lee. Documents Relating to Northwest Missions, 1815-1827. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1942.
O'Leary, Peter. Travels and Experiences in Canada, the Red River Territory, and the United States. London: John R. Day, 1875.
Richardson, Sir John. Arctic Searching Expedition. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1851.
Riddell, H. S. H. "The Red River Expedition of 1870." Transactions of the Literary and Historical Society of Quebec, Session of 1870-71. Quebec: Middleton and Dawson, 1871.
Robertson, Colin. Colin Robertson's Correspondence Book, September 1817 to September 1822. Ed. E. E. Rich and R. Harvey Fleming. Toronto: The Champlain Society, 1939.
Schoolcraft, Henry R. Narrative Journal of Travels from Detroit Northwest through the Great Chain of American Lakes to the Sources of the Mississippi River in the Year 1820. Albany: E. & E. Hosford, n.d.
Simpson, Sir George. Narrative of a Journey Round the World during the years 1841 and 1842. 2 vols. London: Henry Colburn, 1847.
United Kingdom. Parliament. 1859. Papers relative to the Exploration of the Country between Lake Superior and the Red River Settlement. Presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty, June 1859.
Wesleyan-Methodist Missionary Society. The Report of the Wesleyan-Methodist Missionary Society for the year ending April 1845. London: Wesleyan-Methodist Missionary Society, n.d.
Winterburn, Joseph D. "Lac La Pluie Bill of Lading, 1806-1809." Thunder Bay Historical Museum and Society, Papers and Records, 9 (1981), 7-13.
Wolseley, Sir George Arthur. The Letters of Lord and Lady Wolseley, 1870-1911. New York: Doubleday, Page & Co., 1922.
_______. The Story of a Soldier's Life. Westminster: Archibald Constable & Co., Ltd., 1903.
Wood, W. Raymond, and Thomas D. Thiessen, eds. Early Fur Trade on the Northern Plains: Canadian Traders Among the Mandan and Hidatsa Indians, 1738-1818. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1985.
Bishop, Charles. "The Emergence of Hunting Territories among the Northern Ojibwa." Ethnology. 9 (January 1970):1-15.
_______. "Ojibwa, Cree, and the Hudson's Bay Company in Northern Ontario: Culture and Conflict in the Eighteenth Century." In Western Canada: Past and Present. Ed. Anthony W. Rasporich. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 1975.
Blegen, Theodore C. Minnesota: A History of the State. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1963.
Brown, Jennifer S.H. Strangers in Blood: Fur Trade Company Families in Indian Country. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1980.
Campbell, Marjorie, Wilkins. The North West Company. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1957.
Chartrand, Jeffrey. "The Osteology and Trace Element Analysis of DdKi-2, Fort Frances, Ontario." Ontario Ministry of Culture and Communications. Field Services Branch. Northern Region. Conservation Archaeology Report No. 17. 1992.
Chevalier, J. R. "Changes in Walleye (Stizostedion vitreum vitreum) Population in Rainy Lake and Factors in Abundance, 1924-75." Journal of Fisheries Resources Board of Canada 34 (1977):1696-1698.
Coffman, Michael S., Lawrence Rakestraw, and James E. Ferris. "The Fire and Logging History of Voyageurs National Park." Final Report for Contract No. CX-6000-7-R054. Michigan Technological University, 1980.
Cole, Glen F. "Effects of Man on the Vegetation and Wildlife of Voyageurs National Park." Botany 51, Voyageurs National Park Library, 1980.
Crouse, Nellis M. La Verendrye: Fur Trader and Explorer. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1956.
Dailey, R. C. "The Role of Alcohol among North American Indian Tribes as reported in The Jesuit Relations." Anthropologica 10 (1968):45-57.
Davidson, Gordon Charles. The North West Company. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1918.
Dawson, K. C. A. "Pithers Point Site, Rainy River." Arch Notes. 83 (March/April 1983):7-12.
Duckworth, Harry W. "The Madness of Donald Mackay." The Beaver 68 no. 3 (1988):25-42.
Eccles, W. J. The Canadian Frontier 1534-1760. Rev. ed. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1992.
Eccles, W. J. "La Mer de l'Ouest: Outpost of Empire." In Rendezvous: Selected Papers of the Fourth North American Fur Trade Conference, 1981. Ed. Thomas C. Buckley. St. Paul: North American Fur Trade Conference, 1984.
Francis, Daniel. "Traders and Indians." In The Prairie West: Historical Readings. Ed. R. Douglas Francis and Howard Palmer. Edmonton: Pica Pica Press, 1985.
Fritzell, Peter A. "Changing Conceptions of the Great Lakes Forest: Jacques Cartier to Sigurd Olson." In The Great Lakes Forest: An Environmental and Social History. Ed. Susan L. Flader. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1983.
Fulford, George. "The Pictographic Account Book of an Ojibwa Fur Trader." In Papers of the Twenty-Third Algonquian Conference. Ed. William Cowan. Ottawa: Carleton University, 1992.
Galbraith, John S. "British-American Competition in the Border Fur Trade of the 1820s." Minnesota History. 36 (September 1959):241-249.
Gates, Charles M., ed. Five Fur Traders of the Northwest. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1965.
Gilman, Carolyn. The Grand Portage Story. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1992. With research by Alan R. Woolworth.
Gilman, Rhoda R. "The Fur Trade in the Upper Mississippi Valley, 1630-1850." Wisconsin Magazine of History 58 (Autumn 1974):3-18.
_______. "Last Days of the Upper Mississippi Fur Trade." In People and Pelts: Selected Papers of the Second North American Fur Trade Conference. Ed. Malvina Bolus. Winnipeg: Peguis Publishers, 1972.
Gough, Barry. First Across the Continent: Sir Alexander Mackenzie. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1997.
Headline, Clarissa and Milton N. Gallup. "The Diary of an Early Fur Trader." Inland Seas: Quarterly Journal of the Great Lakes Historical Society 19, no. 2 (Summer 1963), pp. 114-118.
Hickerson, Harold. "The Chippewa of the Upper Great Lakes: A Study in Sociopolitical Change." In North American Indians in Historical Perspective. Ed. Eleanor Burke Leacock and Nancy Oestreich Lurie. New York: Random House, 1971.
_______. "Ethnohistory of Chippewa of Lake Superior." In Chippewa Indians. Vol. 3 New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1974.
Holzkamm, Tim E. "Ojibwa Horticulture in the Upper Mississippi and Boundary Waters," in Actes du Dix-Septième Congrés des Algonquinistes. Edited by William Cowan. Ottawa: Carleton University, 1986.
_______. "Sturgeon Utilization by the Rainy River Ojibwa Bands." In Papers of the Eighteenth Algonquian Conference. Ed. William Cowan. Ottawa: Carleton University, 1987.
Holzkamm, Tim E. and Leo G. Waisberg. "Agriculture and One 19th-Century Ojibwa Band: "They Hardly Ever Loose Sight of Their Field." In Actes Du Dix-Septième Congrès des Algonquinistes. Ed. William Cowan. Ottawa: Carleton University, 1986.
Holzkamm, Tim E., Victor P. Lytwyn and Leo G. Waisberg. "Rainy River Sturgeon: An Ojibway Resource in the Fur Trade Economy." In Aboriginal Resource Use in Canada: Historical and Legal Aspects. Ed. Kerry Abel and Jean Friesen. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 1991.
Huth, Hans, Nature and the American: Three Centuries of Changing Attitudes. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1957.
Innis, Harold A. The Fur Trade in Canada. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1962.
International Boundary Commission. Joint Report upon the Survey and Demarcation of the Boundary between the United States and Canada from the Northwesternmost Point of Lake of the Woods to Lake Superior. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1931.
Jackson, John. "Inland from the Bay." The Beaver 72 no. 1 (1992):37-42.
Johnson, A. M. "Hudson's Bay Company on Rainy River, 1793-95." The Naturalist 12 (Winter 1961): 9-14.
Johnston, C. A., J. Pastor, and R. J. Naiman, "Effects of Beaver and Moose on boreal forest landscapes." In Landscape Ecology and Geographic Information Systems. S. H. Cousins, B. Haines-Young, and D. Green, eds. London: Taylor & Francis, year?
Kallemeyn, Larry W. "Reducing the Impacts of Regulated Lake Levels on the Aquatic Ecosystem of Voyageurs NP." Park Science: A Resource Management Bulletin 10 (Winter 1990):3-5.
Kay, Jeanne. "Native Americans in the Fur Trade and Wildlife Depletion." Environmental Review 9 (Summer 1985):118-130.
Kellogg, Louise Phelps. The British Regime in Wisconsin and the Northwest. Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1935.
_______. The French Regime in Wisconsin and the Northwest. Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1925.
Krech III, Shepard. The Ecological Indian: Myth and History. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1999.
Kurmis, Vilis, L. C. Merriam, Jr., Myron Grafstrom, and Jeffrey Kirwan. "Primary Plant Communities: Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota." University of Minnesota, College of Forestry, Report No. 1, February 1978.
Lass, William E. Minnesota's Boundary with Canada: Its Evolution since 1783. St Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1980.
Lavender, David. "Some American Characteristics of the American Fur Company." In Aspects of the Fur Trade: Selected Papers of the 1965 North American Fur Trade Conference. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1967.
_______. Winner Take All: The Trans-Canada Canoe Trail. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1977.
Loope, Walter L., and John B. Anderton. "Human vs. Lightning Ignition of Presettlement Surface Fires in Coastal Pine Forests of the Upper Great Lakes." Reprint. American Midland Naturalist. 140 (October 1998):206-218.
Lovisek, J. A. "The Political Evolution of the Boundary Waters Ojibwa." In Papers of the Twenty-fourth Algonquin Conference. Ed. William Cowan. Ottawa: Carleton University, 1993.
Lynott, Mark J., Jeffrey J. Richner, and Mona Thompson. "Archeological Investigations at Voyageurs National Park: 1979 and 1980." Midwest Archeological Center Occasional Studies in Anthropology No. 16. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Midwest Archeological Center, Lincoln, Nebraska, 1986.
Manore, Jack. "Mr. Dawson's Road." The Beaver 71 (February/March 1991):6-11.
Margry, Pierre. Découvertes et Établissements des Français dans l'ouest et dans le sud de l'Amérique septeurionale (1614-1754): memoires et documents originaux. Paris: Imprimerie de D. Jouaust, 1883.
Marx, Leo. The Machine in the Garden: Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1964.
Merk, Frederick. Fur Trade and Empire: George Simpson's Journal. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1931.
Moodie, D. Wayne, and Barry Kaye. "Indian Agriculture in the Fur Trade Northwest." Prairie Forum 11 (Fall 1986):171-183.
Morse, Eric W. Fur Trade Canoe Routes of Canada: Then and Now. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1969.
Meyer, Adolph F. and Arthur V. White. Report to International Joint Commission relating to Official Reference re Lake of the Woods Levels. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1917.
Nash, Roderick. Wilderness and the American Mind. 3d ed. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982.
Nute, Grace Lee, ed. Documents Relating to Northwest Missions, 1815-1827. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1942.
Nute, Grace Lee. "Posts in the Minnesota Fur-Trading Area, 1660-1855." Minnesota History 11 (December 1930):353-380.
_______. The Voyageur. New York and London: D. Appleton and Company, 1931.
_______. "Hudson's Bay Company Posts in the Minnesota Country." Minnesota History 22 (Summer 1941):270-281.
_______. Lake Superior. Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1944.
_______. Rainy River Country. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1950.
O'Meara, Walter. The Savage Country. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1960.
Pearson, H. E., untitled report on the history of commercial fishing in the Rainy Lake area, on file in Voyageurs National Park, December 1963[?].
Peyser, Joseph L., ed. Jacques Legardeur de Saint-Pierre: Officer, Gentleman, Entrepreneur. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1996.
Rajnovich, Grace. "Rescue Excavations of the Boise Cascade Burials (DdKi-2) in Fort Frances, Ontario." Conservation Archaeology Report. Northwestern Region. Report No. 6. 1985.
Ray, Arthur J. "The Northern Great Plains: Pantry of the Northwestern Fur Trade, 1774-1885." Prairie Forum. 9 (Fall 1984):263-280.
_______. "Periodic Shortages, Native Welfare, and the Hudson's Bay Company, 1670-1930." In The Subarctic Fur Trade: Native Social and Economic Adaptations. Ed. Shepard Krech III. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1984.
_______. "Some Conservation Schemes of the Hudson's Bay Company, 1821-1850: An Examination of the Problems of Resource Management in the Fur Trade." Journal of Historical Geography 1 (January 1975):49-68.
Reiser, M. Hildegard. "Effects of Regulated Lake Levels on the Reproductive Success, Distribution, and Abundance of the Aquatic Bird Community in Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota." Research/Resources Management Report MWR-13. Prepared for U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Midwest Regional Office, Omaha, Nebraska, July 1988.
Rich, E. E. The Fur Trade and the Northwest to 1857. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited, 1967.
_______. The History of the Hudson's Bay Company 1670-1870. 3 Vols. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited, 1960.
_______. "Trade Habits and Economic Motivation among the Indians of North America." Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science 26 (February 1960):35-53.
Smith, Douglas W. "The Effects of Regulated Lake Levels on Beaver in Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota." Research/Resources Management Report MWR-11. Prepared for U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Midwest Regional Office, Omaha, Nebraska, July 1988.
Smith, Henry Nash. Virgin Land: The American West as Symbol and Myth. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1950.
Steiner, Elizabeth Knudson, and Robert Alan Clouse. "Historical Research and Archaeological Investigations Relating to the Bourassa Site on Crane Lake, Minnesota." Archaeology Department, Minnesota Historical Society, 1994.
Swain, Albert M. "Vegetation and Fire History of Voyageurs National Park." Final report to National Park Service Midwest Archeological Center. Center for Climatic Research, Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin, n.d.
Upham, Warren. "Earliest Explorations Far Westward from Lake Superior." The Magazine of History 10 (October 1909):231-237.
Van Kirk, Sylvia. "Fur Trade Social History: Some Recent Trends." In The Prairie West: Historical Readings. Ed. R. Douglas Francis and Howard Palmer. Edmonton: Pica Pica Press, 1985.
_______. Many Tender Ties: Women in Fur-Trade Society, 1670-1870. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1976.
_______. "'This Rascally & Ungrateful Country': George Nelson's Response to Rupert's Land." Rupert's Land: A Cultural Tapestry. Ed. Richard C. Davis. Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfred Laurier University Press, 1988.
Vennum, Thomas, Jr. Wild Rice and the Ojibway People. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1988.
Vizenor, Gerald Robert, ed. "Clement H. Beaulieu's Sketch of the Fur-Trade Around Lake Superior," in Escorts to White Earth, 1868 to 1968: 100 Year Reservation. Minneapolis: Four Winds, 1968.
Wallace, W. S. Documents Relating to the Northwest Company. Toronto: The Champlain Society, 1934.
_______. "The Literature Relating to the Selkirk Controversy." Canadian Historical Review 13 (March 1932):45-50.
Warren, William W. History of the Ojibway Nation. Reprint. Minneapolis: Ross & Haines, Inc., 1957.
Wheeler, C. Robert, Walter A. Kenyon, Alan R. Woolworth, and Douglas A. Birk. Voices from the Rapids: An Underwater Search for Fur Trade Artifacts 1960-73. Minnesota Historical Archaeology Series No. 3. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1975.
White, Bruce M. "A Skilled Game of Exchange: Ojibway Fur Trade Protocol." Minnesota History 50 (Summer 1987):229-240.
White, Richard. The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650-1815. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
Winterburn, Joseph D. "Lac La Pluie Bill of Lading, 1806-1809." Thunder Bay Historical Museum Society, Papers and Records. Vol. 9 (1981):7-13.
Young, Gregg A. "The Organization of the Transfer of Furs at Fort William: A Study in Historical Geography." Thunder Bay Historical Museum Society Papers and Records 2 (1974):29-37.
Last Updated: 01-Oct-2001